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Adventure Volcano Tours | World's Largest & Highest Volcanoes

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10 Largest Volcanoes
credit: The TopS

After Shock Hits Boat From Volcanic Eruption in Papua New Guinea

How Hawaii Formed from a Volcano

A volcano is a hole in Earth's surface through which magma (called lava when it reaches Earth's surface), hot gases, ash, and rock fragments escape from deep inside the planet. The word volcano also is used to describe the cone of erupted material (lava and ash) that builds up around the opening.

Volcanic activity is the main process by which material from Earth's interior reaches its surface. Volcanoes played a large part in the formation of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and continents. When Earth was new, the superheated gases within it (including carbon dioxide) streamed out through countless volcanoes to form the original atmosphere and oceans.

Volcanoes are found both on land and under the oceans (where they are called seamounts). Geologists label volcanoes by their periods of activity. If a volcano is erupting, it is called active. If a volcano is not presently erupting but might at some future date, it is called dormant. If a volcano has stopped erupting forever, it is called extinct. Generally, volcanoes are labeled extinct when no eruption has been noted in recorded history.

Words to Know
Caldera: Large circular depression formed when an empty magma chamber causes the collapse of the volcano above it.
Chemosynthesis: Process by which the energy from certain chemical reactions, rather than light (as in photosynthesis), is used by some organisms to manufacture food.
Hot spot: An upwelling of heat from beneath Earth's crust.
Ignimbrite: Rock formation that results from a large pyroclastic flow.
Lava: Magma at Earth's surface.
Magma: Molten rock deep within Earth that consists of liquids, gases, and particles of rocks and crystals.
Photosynthesis: Process by which light energy is captured from the Sun by pigment molecules in plants and algae and converted to food.
Pyroclastic flow: A dense wave of superheated air and rock that moves as a fluid from an erupting volcano, sometimes crossing thousands of square miles of landscape.
Seafloor spreading: Spreading of the seafloor outward at ridges where two oceanic plates are diverging.
Seamount: Large, submarine volcano.
Tuff: Fused hard rock formed from a large pyroclastic flow.

How volcanoes form
According to the geologic theory called plate tectonics, Earth's crust is broken into various rigid plates that "float" on the surface of the planet. The plates move in response to intense pressure created underneath by the movement of currents carrying heat energy from the center of the planet to the surface. This pressure causes plates to move toward or away from each other (and also past each other in a horizontal motion).

Volcanoes form on land near coastal areas when a continental (land) plate and an oceanic plate converge or move toward each other. Since the oceanic plate is denser, it subducts or sinks beneath the continental plate. As the rock of this subducted oceanic plate is pushed farther and farther beneath the continent's surface, extremely high temperatures and pressure melt the rock. This creates hot, buoyant magma that then rises toward the surface. When the magma reaches the crust, it collects in a magma reservoir or chamber. When pressure inside the reservoir exceeds that of the overlying rock, magma is forced upward through cracks in Earth's crust.

Hydrothermal Vents
Hydrothermal vents are cracks in the ocean floor or chimney-like structures extending from the ocean floor up to 150 feet (45 meters) high. Due to nearby volcanic activity, these vents release hot mineral-laden water into the surrounding ocean. Temperature of this fluid is typically around 660F (350C).

Often, the fluid released is black due to the presence of very fine sulfide mineral particles (iron, copper, zinc, and other metals). As a result, these deep-ocean hot springs are called black smokers. Hydrothermal vents usually occur at midocean ridges where new seafloor is created.

Hydrothermal vents are surrounded by unusual forms of sea life, including giant clams, tube worms, and unique types of fish. These organisms live off bacteria that thrive on the energy-rich chemical compounds transported by hydrothermal fluids. This is the only environment on Earth supported by a food chain that does not depend on the energy of the Sun or photosynthesis. The energy source is chemical, not solar, and is called chemosynthesis.

Seamounts (underwater volcanoes) form when oceanic plates both converge (move toward each other) and diverge (move away from each other). When oceanic plates converge, one sinks beneath the other, creating a deep-sea trench. Rising magma from the subducted plate then rises to form volcanoes along the trench. When oceanic plates diverge, magma seeps upward at the ridge between the plates to create new seafloor (a process called seafloor spreading). Volcanoes form on either side of the ridge.

Hot spots are special areas where volcanoes form apart from plates converging or diverging. Hot spots are a common term for thermal plumes of magma welling up through the crust far from the edges of plates. As a plate drifts over a hot spot, magma from Earth's interior rises and volcanic activity takes place. Some famous hot spots are Hawaii, Yellowstone National Park (United States), Iceland, Samoa, and Bermuda.

Volcano destinations worldwide:
Canary Islands | DR Congo (Nyiragongo) | Ethiopia | Greece (Milos, Santorini, Nisyros) | Guatemala | Hawai'i | Iceland | Indonesia | Italy (Stromboli, Etna) | Japan | NEW: Russia (Kamchatka) | Mexico (Colima) | Vanuatu || NZ + around The World

Which is the world's largest volcano?
The largest volcano on earth is Mauna Loa on Hawaii Big Island. It is a massive shieldvolcano constructed by countless lava flows. When measured from the base to the top, the pile of lavas measures more than 17,000 m (56,000 ft)!
When measured from the sea floor, Mauna Loa's height is still more than 9,000 m, thus it is also the highest mountain on earth. Mauna Loa in fact is so heavy, that its weight has bent the oceanic crust under the volcano several kilometers downwards into the mantle.
Mauna Loa is one of the Earth's most active volcanoes, with 33 well-documented eruptions in historic times since 1843. Its last eruption was in 1984 and since 2004, Mauna Loa is showing increasing signs of a possible awakening in a not-too-distant future.

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Date of last Eruption or Volcanic Activity
(activity or eruption before 2000) (check for updates since 2000)

Adatara, Honshu, Japan Sept. 7, 1997
Akutan, Alaska March 10, 1996
Amukta, Alaska Sept. 17, 1996
Arenal, Costa Rica Aug. 23, 2000
Axial Seamount Jan. 25–28, 1998
Bandai, Honshu, Japan Aug. 16, 2000
Barren Island, Indian Ocean Dec. 20, 1994
Bezymianny, Kamchatka, Russia March 15, 2000
Mount Cameroon, Cameroon June 7, 2000
Cerro Negro, Nicaragua Aug. 6, 1999
Chiginagak, Alaska Nov. 7, 1997
Colima, Mexico Nov. 4, 1999
Copahue, Argentina + Chile July 16, 2000
Eastern Gemini Seamount, Vanuatu Feb. 23, 1996
Etna, Sicily, Italy Aug. 28, 2000
Fernandina, Galápagos Jan. 25, 1995
Fogo, Cape Verde April 2, 1995
Fuego, Guatemala Sept. 4, 2000
Grimsvotn Volcano, Iceland Dec. 18–28, 1998
Guagua Pichincha, Ecuador July 12, 2000
Hakkoda, Japan July 12, 1997
Hekla, Iceland Feb. 26, 2000
Mount Hili Aludo, Indonesia May 13, 1997
Hosho, Kyushu, Japan Oct. 12, 1995
Iwate-san, Honshu, Japan July 10, 1998
Kaba, Sumatra, Indonesia Aug. 17, 2000
Mount Karangetang, Indonesia April 19, 1997
Karymsky, Kamchatka, Russia Feb. 12, 2000
Kavachi Seamount, Solomon
Islands May 14, 2000
Kilauea, Hawaii 1983–continuing
Kliuchevskoi, Kamchatka, Russia July 28, 2000
Komagatake, Hokkaido, Japan Sept. 4, 2000
Korovin, Alaska June 30, 1998
Krakatau, Indonesia May 29 – June 9, 2000
Lascar, Chile July 20, 2000
Mount Lewotobi, Indonesia July 1, 1999
Loihi Seamount, Hawaii July 26, 1996
Long Valley caldera, California April 2, 1996
Maderas, Nicaragua Sept. 27, 1996
Manam, Papua New Guinea May 28, 1997
Masaya, Nicaragua Nov. 22, 1999
Mayon, Philippines July 30, 2000
McDonald Island, Australia Dec. 1996
Merapi, Indonesia July 20, 1998
Metis Shoal, Tonga June 6, 1995
Momotombo, Nicaragua April 4, 1996
Monowai Seamount, Kermadec Islands Dec. 5, 1997
Montserrat, West Indies Sept. 11–15, 2000
Northern Gorda Ridge Feb. 28, 1996
Nyamuragira, Congo Jan. 30, 2000
Okmok, Alaska May. 2, 1997
Mount Oyama, Miyakejima, Japan Aug. 31, 2000
Pacaya, Guatemala March 1, 2000
Papandayan, Java, Indonesia July 1, 1998
Pavlof, Alaska June 3, 1997
Peuet Sague, Indonesia April 27, 1998
Piparo, Trinidad Feb. 22, 1997
Piton de la Fournaise, Réunion,Indian Ocean June 23, 2000
Popocatepetl, Mexico Sept. 4, 2000
Rabaul, Papua New Guinea May 28, 1997
Rincon de la Vieja, Costa Rica Feb. 16, 1998
Ruapehu, New Zealand Sept. 13, 1999
Ruby Seamount, Mariana Islands Oct. 25, 1995
Sakura-Jima, Japan Nov. 1, 1999
San Cristobal, Nicaragua May 13, 2000
Semeru, Java, Indonesia 1967–continuing
Sheveluch, Kamchatka, Russia Aug. 6, 2000
Shin-dake, Kuchinoerabujima Island, Japan Aug. 26, 1999
Shishaldin, Unimak Island, Alaska May 15, 2000
Mount St. Helens, Washington July 1, 1998
Stromboli, Italy Aug. 23, 1998
Tavurvur, Papua New Guinea Sept. 10, 2000
Taal, Philippines Sept. 30, 1999
Telica, Nicaragua Aug. 11, 1999
Terceira, Azores Jan. 8, 1999
Tonga (unnamed volcano) Jan. 18, 1999
Tungurahua, Ecuador May 20, 2000
Usu, Japan April 20, 2000
Villarrica, Chile Jan. 20–May 30, 2000
White Island, New Zealand July 27, 2000–continuing
Yellowstone, Wyoming Jan. 9, 1998
Zacatecas, Mexico June 1997


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Below is an alphabetical directory of all volcanoes with additional content.
Credit to: Volcano World at Oregon State University.

Volcano Name Country Type Latitude (dd Longitude (dd) Elevation (m)
Abu Japan Shield 34.50 131.60 641
Acamarachi Chile Stratovolcano -23.30 -67.62 6046
Acatenango Guatemala Stratovolcano 14.50 -90.88 3976
Acigol-Nevsehir Turkey Caldera 38.57 34.52 1689
Adams USA Stratovolcano 46.21 -121.49 3742
Adams Seamount Pacific Ocean Submarine -25.37 -129.27 -39
Adatara Japan Stratovolcano 37.64 140.29 1718
Adwa Ethiopia Stratovolcano 10.07 40.84 1733
Afdera Ethiopia Stratovolcano 13.08 40.85 1295
Agrigan Mariana Islands Stratovolcano 18.77 145.67 965
Agua Guatemala Stratovolcano 14.47 -90.74 3760
Agua de Pau Azores Stratovolcano 37.77 -25.47 947
Aguilera Chile Stratovolcano -50.33 -73.75 2546
Agung Lesser Sunda Islands Stratovolcano -8.34 115.51 3142
Ahyi Mariana Islands Submarine 20.42 145.03 -137
Akademia Nauk Russia Caldera 53.98 159.45 1180
Akagi Japan Stratovolcano 36.56 139.20 1828
Akan Japan Caldera 43.38 144.01 1499
Akhtang Russia Shield 55.43 158.65 1956
Akita Komagatake Japan Stratovolcano 39.76 140.80 1637
Akita Yakeyama Japan Stratovolcano 39.96 140.76 1366
Akuseki-jima Japan Stratovolcano 29.46 129.60 584
Akutan USA Stratovolcano 54.13 -165.99 1303
Alaid Russia Stratovolcano 50.86 155.55 2339
Alamagan Mariana Islands Stratovolcano 17.60 145.83 744
Alayta Ethiopia Shield 12.88 40.57 1501
Alban Hills Italy Caldera 41.73 12.70 949
Alcedo Galapagos Islands Shield -0.43 -91.12 1130
Ale Bagu Ethiopia Stratovolcano 13.52 40.63 1031
Alid Eritrea Stratovolcano 14.88 39.92 904
Altiplano-Puna Volcanic Complex Multiple Countries -22.44 -67.96 4600
Ambrym Vanuatu Shield -16.25 168.12 1334
Anatahan Mariana Islands Stratovolcano 16.35 145.67 790
Aneityum Vanuatu Stratovolcano -20.20 169.78 852
Aniakchak USA Caldera 56.88 -158.17 1341
Antisana Ecuador Stratovolcano -0.48 -78.14 5753
Aoba Vanuatu Shield -15.40 167.83 1496
Ararat Turkey Stratovolcano 39.70 44.30 5165
Arenal Costa Rica Stratovolcano 10.46 -84.70 1670
Arintica Chile Complex Volcano -18.73 -69.05 5597
Asacha Russia Stratovolcano 52.36 157.83 1910
Asama Japan Complex Volcano 36.40 138.53 2568
Ascension South Atlantic Ocean Stratovolcano -7.95 -14.37 858
Askja Iceland Stratovolcano 65.03 -16.75 1516
Aso Japan Caldera 32.88 131.11 1592
Atitlan Guatemala Complex Volcano 14.58 -91.19 3535
Atka USA Caldera 52.38 -174.15 1533
Atsonupuri Russia Stratovolcano 44.81 147.14 1206
Augustine USA Dome 59.36 -153.43 1252
Avachinsky Russia Stratovolcano 53.26 158.83 2741
Awu Indonesia Stratovolcano 3.67 125.50 1320
Axial Seamount Pacific Ocean Submarine 45.95 -130.00 -1410
Ayelu Ethiopia Stratovolcano 10.08 40.70 2145
Azufre Chile Complex Volcano -21.79 -68.24 5846
Azuma Japan Stratovolcano 37.73 140.25 2035
Babuyon Claro Philippines Stratovolcano 19.50 121.90 1180
Bachelor USA Stratovolcano 43.80 121.60 2763
Bagana Papua New Guinea Cinder Cone -6.10 155.20 1750
Baker USA Stratovolcano 48.79 -121.82 3285
Bam Papua New Guinea Stratovolcano -3.60 144.85 685
Bamus Papua New Guinea Stratovolcano -5.20 151.20 2248
Bandai Japan Stratovolcano 37.60 140.10 1819
Barren Island India Pyroclastic Cone 12.29 93.88 305
Barrier Kenya Complex Volcano 2.32 36.57 1032
Bazman Iran Stratovolcano 28.00 60.00 3490
Beerenberg Norway Stratovolcano 71.10 -8.20 2277
Belknap USA Shield 44.28 -121.83 2096
Bezymianny Russia Stratovolcano 55.98 160.58 2882
Biliran Philippines Complex Volcano 11.50 124.50 1187
Bolshoi Semiachik Russia Stratovolcano 54.32 160.02 1720
Bulusan Philippines Stratovolcano 12.80 124.10 1565
Butajira Ethiopia Maar 8.05 38.35 2281
Cameroon (Mount) Cameroon Stratovolcano 4.20 9.17 4095
Camiguin de Babuyanes Philippines Stratovolcano 18.83 121.85 712
Canlaon Philippines Stratovolcano 10.41 123.13 2435
Capulin USA Cinder Cone 36.45 -104.09 2494
Carrizozo USA Volcanic Field 33.70 -106.00 1730
Cayambe Ecuador Stratovolcano 0.03 -77.99 5790
Cereme Indonesia Stratovolcano -6.90 108.41 3078
Chaine des Puys France Dome 45.78 2.97 1464
Chiginagak USA Stratovolcano 57.13 -156.99 2067
Chikurachki Russia Stratovolcano 50.33 155.46 5958
Chimborazo Ecuador Stratovolcano -1.46 -78.82 6310
Cleveland USA Stratovolcano 52.83 -169.95 1730
Coatepeque El Salvador Caldera 13.86 -89.54 746
Colima Mexico Stratovolcano 19.51 103.62 4100
Columbia River Flood Basalts USA Flood Basalt
Concepcion Nicaragua Stratovolcano 11.50 85.60 1610
Copahue Argentina Stratovolcano -37.85 -71.17 2965
Cosiguina Nicaragua Shield 12.98 -87.56 847
Cotopaxi Ecuador Stratovolcano -0.68 -78.44 5911
Crater Lake USA Caldera 42.94 -122.11 2471
Craters of the Moon USA Volcanic Field 43.42 -113.50 2005
Daisetsu Japan Stratovolcano 43.70 142.90 2290
Dakataua Papua New Guinea Caldera -5.00 150.10 400
Damavand Iran Stratovolcano 35.95 52.11 5670
Deccan Traps India Flood Basalt
Dempo Indonesia Stratovolcano -4.00 103.10 3173
Devils Garden USA Volcanic Field 43.50 -120.90 1525
Devils Tower USA Plug 44.60 -104.70 1558
Diamond Craters USA Volcanic Field 43.10 -118.70 1450
Dieng Volcanic Complex Indonesia Complex Volcano -7.20 109.90 2565
Diky Greben Russia Dome 51.46 156.98 1331
Dubbi Eritrea Stratovolcano 13.60 41.80 1625
Dukono Indonesia Complex Volcano 1.70 127.87 1185
East Epi Vanuatu Caldera -16.70 168.40 -34
Ebeko Russia Somma Volcano 50.68 156.02 1156
Egmont (Taranaki) New Zealand Stratovolcano -39.30 174.10 2518
Egon Indonesia Stratovolcano -8.70 122.45 788
El Chichon Mexico Caldera 17.36 -93.23 1060
Elbrus Russia Stratovolcano 43.33 42.45 5633
Erebus Antarctica Stratovolcano -77.50 167.20 3794
Erta Ale Ethiopia Shield 13.60 40.70 613
Etna Italy Stratovolcano 37.73 15.00 3350
Fantale Ethiopia Stratovolcano 8.98 39.93 2007
Fernandina Ecuador Caldera -0.37 -91.55 1476
Fisher USA Stratovolcano -54.63 -164.42 1095
Fogo Cape Verde Islands Stratovolcano 14.95 -24.35 2829
Fort Rock USA Maar 43.37 -121.07 1716
Frosty Peak USA Stratovolcano 55.08 -162.81 1920
Fuego Guatemala Stratovolcano 14.47 -90.88 3763
Fuerteventura Spain Fissure vents 28.36 -14.02 529
Fuji Japan Stratovolcano 35.36 138.73 3776
Furnas Azores (Portugal) Stratovolcano 37.76 -25.33 805
Fuss Peak Russia Stratovolcano 50.27 155.25 1772
Galeras Colombia Stratovolcano 1.22 -77.37 4276
Galunggung Indonesia Stratovolcano -7.26 108.08 2168
Gamalama Indonesia Stratovolcano 0.81 127.33 1715
Gamchen Russia Stratovolcano 54.97 160.68 2576
Gamkonora Indonesia Stratovolcano 1.38 127.53 1635
Gareloi USA Stratovolcano 51.80 178.80 1573
Gaua Vanuatu Stratovolcano -14.27 167.50 797
Gede Indonesia -6.77 106.94 2958
Glacier Peak USA Stratovolcano 48.11 -121.11 3213
Gorely Russia Caldera 52.56 158.03 1829
Graciosa Azores (Portugal) Stratovolcano 39.02 -27.97 402
Gran Canaria Canary Islands (Spain) Fissure vents 28.00 15.58 1950
Great Sitkin USA Stratovolcano 52.07 -176.13 1740
Griggs USA Stratovolcano 58.35 -155.09 2317
Grimsvotn Iceland Caldera 64.42 -17.33 1725
Guagua Pichincha Ecuador -0.17 -78.60 4784
Guallatiri Chile Stratovolcano -18.42 -69.09 6071
Guguan USA Stratovolcano 17.31 145.84 287
Hakone Japan 35.23 139.02 1439
Heard Australia Stratovolcano -53.10 73.50 2745
Hibok-hibok Philippines Stratovolcano 9.20 124.70 1332
Hierro Spain Shield 27.73 -18.03 1500
Hood USA Stratovolcano 45.40 -121.70 3426
Hualalai<</td> USA Shield 19.69 -155.87 2523
Ibu Indonesia Stratovolcano 1.49 127.63 1325
Ijen Indonesia Stratovolcano -8.06 114.24 2386
Iliamna USA Stratovolcano 60.03 -153.09 3053
Iliboleng Indonesia Stratovolcano -8.34 123.26 1659
Iliniza Ecuador Stratovolcano -0.66 -78.71 5248
Ilopango El Salvador Caldera 13.67 -89.05 450
Ilyinsky Russia Stratovolcano 51.49 157.20 1578
Ioto (Iwo-jima) Japan Caldera 24.75 141.29 161
Iraya Philippines Stratovolcano 20.47 122.01 1009
Irazu Costa Rica Stratovolcano 9.98 83.85 3431
Isanotski USA Stratovolcano 54.77 -163.72 2446
Izalco El Salvador Stratovolcano 13.81 -89.63 1950
Iztaccihuatl Mexico Stratovolcano 19.18 -98.64 5286
Izu-Tobu Japan Pyroclastic Cone 34.90 139.10 581
Jailolo Indonesia Stratovolcano 1.08 127.42 1130
Jefferson USA Stratovolcano 44.67 -121.80 3199
Jordan Craters USA Volcanic Field 43.10 -117.40 1400
Kadovar Papua New Guinea Stratovolcano -3.63 144.63 365
Kaguyak United States Stratovolcano 58.62 -154.06 901
Kahoolawe United States Shield 20.55 -156.57 450
Kambalny Russia Stratovolcano 51.30 156.87 2156
Kanaga United States Stratovolcano 51.92 -177.17 1307
Kanlaon Philippines Stratovolcano 10.41 123.13 2435
Karangetang [Api Siau] Indonesia Stratovolcano 2.78 125.40 1784
Karisimbi
Congo
Rwanda
Stratovolcano -1.51 29.45 4507
Karthala Comoros Shield -11.75 43.38 2361
Karymsky Russia Stratovolcano 54.05 159.45 1536
Katla Iceland Fissure vents 63.63 -19.05 1512
Katmai United States Stratovolcano 58.28 -154.96 2047
Katwe-Kikorongo Uganda Volcanic Field -0.08 29.92 1067
Kavachi Solomon Islands Submarine -9.02 157.95 -20
Kell Russia Stratovolcano 51.65 157.35 900
Kelut Indonesia Stratovolcano -7.93 112.31 1731
Kerinci Indonesia Stratovolcano 1.70 101.26 3800
Khodutka Russia Stratovolcano 52.06 157.70 2090
Kialagvik United States Stratovolcano 57.20 -156.75 1677
Kick 'em Jenny Grenada Submarine 12.30 -61.64 -185
Kikai Japan Caldera 30.79 130.31 704
Kikhpinych Russia Stratovolcano 54.49 160.25 1552
Kilauea United States Shield 19.42 -155.29 1222
Kilimanjaro Tanzania Stratovolcano 3.07 37.35 5895
Kirishima Japan Stratovolcano 31.93 130.86 1700
Kliuchevskoi Russia Stratovolcano 56.06 160.64 4835
Komagatake Japan Stratovolcano 42.06 140.68 1131
Kone Ethiopia Caldera 8.80 39.69 1619
Koryaksky Russia Stratovolcano 53.32 158.69 3456
Koshelev Russia Stratovolcano 51.36 156.75 1812
Krafla Iceland Caldera 65.73 -16.78 818
Krakatau Indonesia Stratovolcano -6.10 105.42 813
Krasheninnikov Russia Stratovolcano 54.59 160.27 1856
Kronotsky Russia Stratovolcano 54.75 160.53 3528
Ksudach Russia Stratovolcano 51.80 157.53 1079
Kukak United States Stratovolcano 58.45 -154.36 2043
Kusatsu-Shirane Japan Stratovolcano 36.64 138.54 2171
Kutcharo Japan Caldera 43.61 144.44 999
Kuttara Japan Stratovolcano 42.49 141.16 581
Kuwae<</td> Vanuatu Caldera -16.83 168.54 -2
La Palma Spain Stratovolcano 28.57 -17.83 2426
Lamington Papua New Guinea Stratovolcano -8.95 148.15 1680
Langila Papua New Guinea Stratovolcano -5.53 148.42 1330
Lanzarote Spain Fissure vents 29.03 -13.63 670
Lascar Chile Stratovolcano -23.37 -67.73 5592
Lereboleng Indonesia Complex Volcano -8.36 122.84 1117
Lewotobi Indonesia Stratovolcano -8.54 122.78 1703
Lewotolo Indonesia Stratovolcano -8.27 123.51 1423
Liamuiga St. Kitts and Nevis Stratovolcano 17.37 -62.80 1156
Lipari Italy Stratovolcano 38.48 14.95 602
Little Sitkin United States Stratovolcano 51.95 178.54 1174
Loihi United States Submarine 18.92 -155.27 -975
Lokon-Empung Indonesia Stratovolcano 1.36 124.79 1580
Lolo Papua New Guinea Stratovolcano -5.47 150.51 805
Lolobau Papua New Guinea Caldera -4.92 151.16 858
Loloru Papua New Guinea Stratovolcano -6.52 155.62 1887
Long Island Papua New Guinea Complex Volcano -5.36 147.12 1280
Longonot Kenya Stratovolcano -0.91 36.45 2776
Lopevi Vanuatu Stratovolcano -16.51 168.35 1413
Maderas Nicaragua Stratovolcano 11.45 -85.52 1394
Mageik United States Stratovolcano 58.20 155.25 2165
Mahawu Indonesia Stratovolcano 1.36 124.86 1324
Makian Indonesia Stratovolcano 0.32 127.40 1357
Maly Semiachik Russia Caldera 54.13 159.67 1560
Manam Papua New Guinea Stratovolcano -4.08 145.04 1807
Mariveles Philippines Stratovolcano 14.52 120.47 1388
Marsabit Kenya Shield 2.32 37.97 1707
Masaya Nicaragua Caldera 11.98 -86.16 635
Mashkovtsev Russia Stratovolcano 51.10 156.72 503
Mashu Japan Caldera 43.57 144.57 855
Mauna Kea United States Shield 19.82 -155.47 4205
Mauna Loa United States Shield 19.48 -155.61 4170
Mayon Philippines Stratovolcano 13.26 123.69 2462
McDonald Islands Australia Complex Volcano -53.03 72.60 230
McLoughlin United States Stratovolcano 42.45 -122.32 2894
Mega Basalt Field
Ethiopia
Kenya
Pyroclastic Cone 37.42 4.08 1067
Menan Buttes United States Tuff Ring 43.70 -111.96 1713
Menengai Kenya Shield -0.20 36.07 2278
Merapi Indonesia Stratovolcano -7.54 110.44 2911
Merbabu Indonesia Stratovolcano -7.45 110.43 3145
Meru Tanzania Stratovolcano -3.25 36.75 4565
Methana Greece Dome 37.62 23.34 760
Metis Shoal Tonga Submarine -19.18 -174.87 43
Michael United Kingdom Stratovolcano -57.78 -26.45 990
Michoacan-Guanajuato Mexico Cinder Cone 19.85 -101.75 3860
Milos Greece Stratovolcano 36.70 24.44 751
Miyake-jima Japan Stratovolcano 34.08 139.53 815
Moffett United States Stratovolcano 51.94 -176.75 1196
Mojanda Ecuador Stratovolcano 0.13 -78.27 4263
Momotombo Nicaragua Stratovolcano 12.42 -86.54 1297
Monaco Bank Portugal Submarine 37.60 -25.88 -197
Mono Lake Vol Field United States Volcanic Field 38.00 -119.03 2121
Monowai Seamount New Zealand Submarine -25.89 -177.19 -132
Moti Indonesia Stratovolcano 0.45 127.40 950
Muria Indonesia Stratovolcano -6.62 110.88 1625
Nantai Japan Stratovolcano 36.76 139.48 2486
Nasu Japan Stratovolcano 37.12 139.97 1915
Navajo Volcanic Field United States Volcanic Field 2740
Negro, Cerro Nicaragua Cinder Cone 12.51 -86.70 728
Nemo Peak Russia Caldera 49.57 154.81 1018
Nevis Peak St. Kitts and Nevis Stratovolcano 17.15 -62.58 985
Newberry United States Shield 43.72 -121.23 2434
Newer Volcanics Province Australia Shield -37.77 142.50 1011
Ngauruhoe New Zealand Stratovolcano -39.13 175.64 1978
Nikko-Shirane Japan Shield 36.80 139.38 2578
Nipesotsu-Maruyama Japan Stratovolcano 43.45 143.04 2013
Nisyros Greece Stratovolcano 36.59 27.16 698
Nyambeni Hills Kenya Shield 0.23 37.87 750
Nyamuragira Democratic Republic of Congo Shield -1.41 29.20 3058
Nyiragongo Democratic Republic of Congo Stratovolcano -1.52 29.25 3470
Oahu United States Shield 1220
Ojos del Salado Chile/Argentina Stratovolcano -27.12 -68.55 6887
Okataina New Zealand Dome -38.12 176.50 1111
Okmok United States Shield 53.43 -168.13 1073
Oku Volcanic Field Cameroon Stratovolcano 6.25 10.50 3011
Ol Doinyo Lengai Tanzania Stratovolcano -2.76 39.91 2962
Opala Russia Caldera 52.54 157.34 1776
Oraefajokull Iceland Stratovolcano 64.00 -16.65 2119
Oshima Japan Stratovolcano 34.72 139.40 764
Pacaya Guatemala Complex Volcano 14.38 -90.60 2552
Pagan United States Stratovolcano 18.13 145.80 570
Pago Papua New Guinea Caldera -5.58 150.52 742
Papandayan Indonesia Stratovolcano -7.32 107.73 2665
Paricutin Mexico Cinder Cone 19.50 -102.20 3170
Parinacota Chile/Bolivia Stratovolcano -18.17 -69.15 6348
Pauzhetka Russia Dome 51.45 156.97 1070
Pavlof United States Stratovolcano 55.42 -161.89 2519
Pavlof Sister United States Stratovolcano 55.45 -161.84 2142
Pelee France Stratovolcano 14.82 -61.17 1397
Peuet Sague Indonesia Complex Volcano 4.91 96.33 2801
Pico Portugal Stratovolcano 38.47 -28.40 2351
Pilas, Las Nicaragua Stratovolcano 11.54 -85.62 1700
Pinacate Mexico Cinder Cone 31.77 -113.50 1200
Pinatubo Phillippines Stratovolcano 15.13 120.35 1486
Pisgah Lava Field United States Volcanic Field 34.75 -116.63 1495
Piton de la Fournaise France Shield -21.23 55.71 2631
Poas Costa Rica Stratovolcano 10.20 -84.23 2708
Popocatepetl Mexico Stratovolcano 19.02 -98.62 5246
Prevo Peak Russia Stratovolcano 47.02 152.12 1360
Purace Colombia Stratovolcano 2.32 -76.40 4650
Quill, The Netherlands Stratovolcano 17.48 -62.96 601
Rabaul Papua New Guinea Shield -4.27 152.20 688
Ragang Phillippines Stratovolcano 7.70 124.50 2815
Raikoke Russia Stratovolcano 48.29 153.25 551
Rainier United States Stratovolcano 46.85 -121.76 4392
Rajabasa Indonesia Stratovolcano -5.78 105.63 1281
Raoul New Zealand Stratovolcano -29.27 -177.92 516
Rasshua Russia Stratovolcano 47.77 153.02 956
Raung Indonesia Stratovolcano -8.13 114.04 3332
Rausu Japan Stratovolcano 44.07 145.13 1660
Redoubt United States Stratovolcano 60.49 -152.74 3108
Reventador Ecuador Stratovolcano -0.08 -77.66 3562
Rincon de la Vieja Costa Rica Complex Volcano 10.83 -85.32 1916
Roundtop United States Stratovolcano 54.80 -163.59 1871
Ruapehu New Zealand Stratovolcano -39.28 175.57 2797
Rudakov Russia Stratovolcano 45.88 149.83 542
Ruiz, Nevado del Colombia Stratovolcano 4.89 -75.32 5321
Rumble IV New Zealand Submarine -36.13 178.05 500
Saba Netherlands Stratovolcano 17.63 -63.23 887
Sabancaya Peru Stratovolcano -15.78 -71.85 5967
Sakar Papua New Guinea Stratovolcano -5.41 148.09 992
Sakura-jima Japan Stratovolcano 31.59 130.66 1117
Salak Indonesia Stratovolcano -6.72 106.73 2211
San Cristobal Nicaragua Stratovolcano 12.70 -87.00 1745
San Salvador El Salvador Stratovolcano 13.73 -89.29 1893
San Vicente Cape Verde Islands Stratovolcano 16.90 -25.00 697
Sanford United States Shield 62.22 -144.13 4949
Sangay Ecuador Stratovolcano -2.00 -78.34 5230
Santa Ana El Salvador Stratovolcano 13.85 -89.63 2381
Santa Maria Guatemala Stratovolcano 14.76 -91.55 3772
Santorini Greece Shield 36.40 25.40 367
Sarychev Peak Russia Stratovolcano 48.09 153.20 1496
Savo Solomon Islands Stratovolcano -9.13 159.82 485
Segula United States Stratovolcano 52.02 178.14 1160
Semeru Indonesia Stratovolcano -8.11 112.92 3676
Semisopochnoi United States Stratovolcano 51.93 179.58 1221
Sete Cidades Portugal Stratovolcano 37.87 -25.78 856
Shasta United States Stratovolcano 41.41 -122.19 4317
Sheveluch Russia Stratovolcano 56.65 161.36 3283
Shikotsu Japan Caldera 42.69 141.38 1320
Shiretoko-Iwo-zan Japan Stratovolcano 44.13 145.17 1563
Shishaldin United States Stratovolcano 54.76 -163.97 2857
Sinarka Russia Stratovolcano 48.88 154.18 934
Smirnov Russia Stratovolcano 44.42 146.14 1189
Sollipulli Chile Caldera -38.97 -71.52 2282
Soputan Indonesia Stratovolcano 1.11 124.73 1784
Soufriere Guadeloupe France Stratovolcano 16.05 -61.67 1467
Soufriere Hills United Kingdom Stratovolcano 16.72 -62.18 915
Soufriere St. Vincent St. Vincent Stratovolcano 13.33 -61.18 1220
South Island Kenya 2.63 36.60 800
SP Mountain United States Cinder Cone 35.60 -111.60 2141
Spurr United States Stratovolcano 61.30 -152.25 3374
Srednii Russia Submarine 47.60 152.92 36
Steller United States Stratovolcano 58.40 -154.40 2272
Stromboli Italy Stratovolcano 38.79 15.21 924
Sumaco Ecuador Stratovolcano -0.54 -77.63 3990
Sumbing Indonesia Stratovolcano -7.38 110.07 3371
Sundoro Indonesia Stratovolcano -7.30 109.99 3136
Sunset Craters United States Cinder Cone 35.37 -111.50 2447
Suswa Kenya Shield -1.18 36.35 2356
Suwanose-jima Japan Stratovolcano 29.64 129.72 799
Taal Philippines Caldera 14.00 120.99 311
Talang Indonesia Stratovolcano -0.98 100.68 2597
Tambora Indonesia Stratovolcano -8.25 118.00 2850
Tambora Indonesia Stratovolcano -8.25 118.00 2850
Tanaga and Takawangha United States Stratovolcano 51.89 -178.15 1806
Tanaga and Takawangha United States Stratovolcano 51.89 -178.15 1806
Tangkubanparahu Indonesia Stratovolcano -6.77 107.60 2084
Tao-Rusyr Caldera Russia Stratovolcano 49.35 154.70 1325
Tarso Voon Chad Stratovolcano 20.92 17.28 3100
Telica Volcano Nicaragua Stratovolcano 12.60 -86.85 1010
Tenerife Spain Stratovolcano 28.27 -16.64 3715
Tengger Caldera and Bromo Indonesia Stratovolcano -7.94 112.95 2329
Three Fingered Jack United States Stratovolcano 44.50 -121.80 2390
Three Sisters United States Stratovolcano 44.10 121.77 3100
Thule Islands United Kingdom Stratovolcano -59.45 -27.37 1075
Tiatia Russia Stratovolcano 44.35 146.26 1819
Toba Indonesia Caldera 2.58 98.83 2157
Todoko-Ranu Indonesia Caldera 1.25 127.47 979
Tokachi Japan 43.42 142.69 2077
Tolbachik Russia Stratovolcano 55.83 160.33 3682
Toliman Guatemala Stratovolcano 14.61 -91.19 3158
Towada Japan Caldera 40.47 140.92 1159
Traitor's Head Vanuatu Stratovolcano -18.75 169.23 1881
Tri Sestry Russia Stratovolcano 45.93 149.92 998
Tristan da Cunha United Kingdom Shield -37.09 -12.28 2060
Tsurumi Japan Dome 33.28 131.43 1584
Tungurahua Ecuador Stratovolcano -1.47 -78.44 2011
Ubehebe Craters United States Maar 37.02 -117.45 752
Ubinas Peru Stratovolcano -16.36 -70.90 5672
Udina Russia Stratovolcano 55.76 160.53 2923
Ugashik and Peulik United States Stratovolcano 57.75 -156.37 1474
Uinkaret Volcanic Field United States Volcanic Field 36.38 -113.13 1555
Ulawun Papua New Guinea Stratovolcano -5.05 151.33 2334
Umboi Papua New Guinea Complex Volcano -5.59 147.88 1548
Undara Australia Shield -18.25 144.75 1020
Ungaran and Telomoyo Indonesia -7.18 110.33 2050
Unzen Japan Complex Volcano 32.76 130.29 1500
Urataman Russia Somma Volcano 47.12 152.25 678
Ushishur Russia Caldera 47.52 152.80 401
Usu Japan Stratovolcano 42.54 140.84 737
Uzon Russia Caldera 54.50 159.97 1617
Veniaminof United States Stratovolcano 56.17 -159.38 2507
Vernadskii Ridge Russia Cinder Cone 50.55 155.97 1183
Vesuvius Italy Somma Volcano 40.82 14.43 1281
Villarrica Chile Stratovolcano -39.42 -71.93 2847
Vilyuchik Russia Stratovolcano 52.70 158.28 2173
Visoke Congo/Rwanda Stratovolcano -1.47 29.49 3711
Vsevidof and Recheschnoi Volcanoes United States Stratovolcano 53.13 -168.69 2149
Vulcano Italy 38.40 14.96 500
Washington United States Shield 44.30 -121.80 2376
Wau-en-Namus Libya Caldera 25.05 17.55 547
Westdahl United States Stratovolcano 54.52 -164.65 1654
White Island New Zealand Stratovolcano -37.52 177.18 321
Wrangell United States Shield 62.00 -144.02 4317
Wudalianchi China Volcanic Field 48.72 126.12 597
Yake-dake Japan Stratovolcano 36.22 137.59 2455
Yali Greece Dome 36.67 27.14 180
Yantarni United States Stratovolcano 57.02 -157.19 1345
Yasur Vanuatu Stratovolcano -19.53 169.44 361
Yellowstone United States Caldera 44.43 -110.67 2805
Zavaritzki Caldera Russia Caldera 46.93 151.95 624
Zheltovsky Russia 51.57 157.32 1953
Zhupanovsky Russia 53.59 159.15 2958
Zimina Russia Stratovolcano 55.86 160.60 3081

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