Moorea Lagoon with palms and water
Adventure Land Travel

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Adventure Land Travel

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As the nation's principal conservation agency, the Department of the Interior has responsibility for most of our nationally owned public lands and natural resources. This includes fostering the wisest use of our land and water resources, protecting our fish and wildlife, preserving the environmental and cultural values of our national parks and historical places, and providing for the enjoyment of life through outdoor recreation. The Department assesses our energy and mineral resources and works to assure that their development is in the best interest of all our people. The Department also has a major responsibility for American Indian reservation communities and for people who live in island territories under United States administration.

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Few travelers are familiar with most parks described here. Many are located away from principal highways or are relatively new to the National Park System." And most, but not all, are smaller than the more popular parks. Yet these sites contain nationally significant scenic and cultural resources, many of comparable quality to the more famous parks.
The natural areas offer a fascinating variety-lush forests, desert landscapes, massive gorges, fields of wildflowers, and natural and man-made lakes. They serve as precious habitat for wild creatures--bears, mountain lions, foxes, bighorn sheep, deer, eagles, owls, and waterfowl.
Many lesser-known parks are historical areas, such as battlefields of the Revolutionary and Civil Wars, forts along the routes of western exploration and migration, ruins of the dwelling places of pre-Columbian native peoples, and homes of Presidents and other men and women who contributed significantly to the nation's progress.
Many of these parks offer both natural beauty and historical interest. Even during busy seasons, they are not are not heavily used, so you may explore them and learn there secrets at your leisure.

About one-fifth of these lesser-known parks charge an entrance fee of $3 to $10 per private passenger vehicle or $1 to $5 per person. If you plan to visit several parks that have entrance fees, you can save money with the $50 Golden Eagle Pass. It provides entry to all national park areas for one calendar year. Visitors 62 and over qualify for a Golden Age Pass. The pass has a one time charge of $10 and it is a lifetime pass. It provides free entry and a 50-percent discount on federal camping and other use fees. Proof of age is required: applicants must appear in person. Blind and permanently disabled persons who qualify for disability benefits under one of several federal programs may obtain a free lifetime Golden Access Pass. It must be applied for in person and provides the same privileges as the Golden Age Pass. All three passes are available at recreation fee areas.

Try to make the visitor center your first stop at any park. There you will find information on attractions, facilities. and activities, such as scenic drives. nature trails. and historic tours. Descriptive films, literature, and exhibits will acquaint you with the geology. history, and plant and animal life of the area. The park staff will answer questions about accommodations, services. and the accessibility of attractions. Most parks described in this book do not offer meals and lodging.
Many parks can provide assistance for those who have visual, auditory, or other physical limitations. Most have parking lots, restrooms, and other features that are accessible to disabled persons. If accessibility is important to you, however, inquire in advance.
Care for Persons and Resources

Observe common-sense safety rules. Natural hazards abound in outdoor areas. especially for those unfamiliar with such terrain. Watch your children. Never approach wild animals, even small ones. If you swim or climb or take hiking trips. do so with a partner, and tell someone on the park staff where you will be. Historic buildings are old: watch for low doorways and steep steps.
Please remember that our parks protect natural and cultural resources that can be fragile. To avoid inadvertent damage, please follow the suggestions of park staffs. Special restrictions sometimes apply to backpacking or boating to protect backcountry areas from overuse. Free permits to use certain backcountry trails and areas are issued at the parks. In some cases. such permits may be obtained by mail in advance.
Many of these parks are close to state parks, national forests, and other reservations providing additional recreational and camping opportunities. Information on such areas is available from state travel bureaus or from federal land managers. The latter include the Forest Service. U.S. Department of Agriculture: the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: and the Bureau of Land Management, Fish and Wildlife Service, and Bureau of Reclamation of the U.S. Department of the Interior.

National Park Handbooks

Official National Park Handbooks exist for many of the parks described in this directory and guide. Though many of these areas are not well known, the stories they embrace are integral parts of our history. culture. and heritage. For information about how to obtain the official handbook that explores the area or areas you are interested in, call or write to the park superintendent before your visit. Telephone numbers and addresses are listed for each park.
M - Z


Isle Royale National Park
800 East Lakeshore Drive, Houghton, MI 49931-1895
(906) 482-0984

The largest island in Lake Superior is distinguished by its wild forests, timber, wolves, moose, beavers, and glacier-sculptured landforms. Prehistoric peoples mined copper here.
Location: Lake Superior off Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Park is reached by commercial or private boat, or by seaplane.

Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore
P.O. Box 40, Munising, MI 49862
(906) 387-3700

Superlative scenic area on Lake Superior. Multicolored sandstone cliffs, broad beaches, sand dunes, waterfalls, inland lakes, ponds, marshes, hardwood and coniferous forests, and numerous birds and other animals. Visitor centers with exhibits, campgrounds, hiking, wilderness camping, boat tours, fishing, and swimming. Winter activities: Cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, and snowmobiling.
Location: In the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, southeast of Marquette on M-28.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging available in Munising and Grand Marais.

Keweenaw National Historic Park
P.O. Box 471, Calumet, MI 49913-0471
(906) 337-3168

The park preserves a variety of features relating to the first significant copper mining on land that is now part of the United States.
Location: Michigan's Upper Peninsula. From Houghton, take U.S. 41 north.

Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore
9922 Front Street, Empire, MI 49630-0277
(616) 326-5134

Beaches, massive sand dunes, forests, lakes, two offshore islands, and Lake Michigan shore. Visitor center, exhibits, maritime museum, hiking, canoeing, boating, fishing, birdwatching, wilderness camping, crosscountry skiing.
Location: North of Frankfort, Mich., on Mich. 22, on shores of Lake Michigan.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Frankfort and Glen Arbor, Honor, Beulah.


Grand Portage National Monument
Box 666, Grand Marais, MN 55604
(218) 387-2788

Gateway to the northern plains and woodlands for explorers and traders. Preserves the strategic 8.5-mile Grand Portage and the Lake Superior post (1778-1803) of the North West Company. Reconstructed fur trade post includes the Great Hall of 1797, operating kitchen and pack warehouse housing three birchbark canoes. Hiking trails, tours, exhibits, audiovisual programs, and Chippewa craft demonstrations.
Location: Off U.S. 61, 36 miles northeast of Grand Marais, Minn., on the Grand Portage Chippewa Reservation.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Grand Portage and Grand Marais.

Pipestone National Monument
Box 727, Pipestone, MN 56164
(507) 825-5464

Famed quarry for Indian ceremonial peace pipe materials. Visitor and cultural center, museum exhibits, audiovisual program, upper midwest Indian cultural center, interpretive programs, self-guiding trail, demonstrations of Indian pipes being made from red pipestone, beadmaking, occasional crafts displays.
Location: Pipestone, Minn., on U.S. 75, Minn. 23, 30, near north boundary of Pipestone.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Pipestone.

Voyageurs National Park
HCR 9, Box 600
International Falls, MN 56649
(2181 283-9821

Forested lake country along Minnesota's northern border offers wilderness experience in historical setting--the world of the French-Canadian voyageurs. Fishing, swimming, waterskiing, and bird watching. Motor boat, houseboat, and canoe rentals, and naturalist-guided boat tours and evening programs. Ice fishing, Nordic skiing, and snowmobiling in winter. Private and state campgrounds nearby.
Location: From Duluth, Minn., follow Route 53 north to park.
Accommodations: Resort, motel, and hotel facilities in International Falls, Kabetogama Lake, Ash River, and Crane Lake.


Natchez National Historical Park
P.O. Box 1208, Natchez, MS 39121-1208
(601) 446-5790

This park preserves much of historic Natchez, which began as a French trading post in 1714 and became the as a French trading post in 1714 and became the commercial, cultural, and social center for the South's "cotten belt" in the years before the Civil War.
Location: Southwestern Mississippi, in downtown Natchez.


George Washington Carver National Monument
Box 38, Diamond, MO 64840
(417) 325-4151

Site of birthplace and childhood home of famous black scientist. Landmarks include the spring, a grove of trees, and Carver family graves. Self-guiding trail, visitor center. birthplace cabin, Carver family home, limited picnic facilities, private campground nearby.
Location: 3 miles from Diamond, Mo. On County Hwy. V, 65 miles west of Springfield, Mo. Interstate 44 is 9 miles north of Diamond.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Diamond and Joplin, Mo.

Harry S. Truman National Historic Site
223 North Main Street, Independence, MO 64050-2804
(816) 254-7199

Harry and Bess Truman lived here at 219 North Delaware Street from the Time of their marriage in 1919 until they died.
Location: Downtown Independence. Visitor center is at 223 North Main Street.

Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site
7400 Grant Road, St. Louis, Mo 63123-1801 (314) 842-1867

This site preserves the core of the historic White Haven farm, a property central to the lives of Ulysses and Julia Dent Grant from the time Grant was stationed at the nearby Jefferson Barracks in 1843 until shortly before his death in 1885.
Location: St. Louis area. From I-270 take Mo. 30 (Gravois Road) exit. Head east; turn left on Grant Road and go 1/2 mile.

Wilson's Creek National Battlefield
Rt. 2, Box 75, Republic, MO 65738
(417) 732-2662

Site of Civil War battle, August 10, 1861, for control of Missouri. Visitor center, museum, film, fiber optic map, self-guiding driving tour through the battlefield, interpretive signs, foot trail departure points, picnicking.
Location: 3 miles east of Republic and 10 miles southwest of Springfield, off U.S. 60 via Mo. M and ZZ.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Springfield.


Big Hole National Battlefield
Box 237, Wisdom, MT 59761
(406) 689-3155

Site of turning point in Indian War of 1877, between Nez Perce and U.S. 7th Infantry. Visitor center, museum, exhibits, self-guiding trail through battlefield, picnicking. Forest Service and private campgrounds nearby.
Location: On Mont. 43, 10 miles west of Wisdom.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Wisdom.

Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area
Box 458, Fort Smith, MT 59035
(406) 666-2412

Yellowtail Dam on the Bighorn River creates a 71-mile-long reservoir that extends 47 miles through spectacular Bighorn Canyon. The Crow Indian Reservation borders much of the area. Boating, camping, picnicking, fishing, hunting, boat rentals.
Location: From Hardin, Mont., follow Mont. 313 to Yellowtail Dam, 96 miles southeast of Billings.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Lovell, Wyo., and in Hardin and Fort Smith.

Little Bighorn National Battlefield
P.O. Box 39, Crow Agency, MT 59022
(406) 638-2621

In the famous battle of the Little Big Horn, June 25-26, 1876--between 5 companies of the Seventh U.S. Cavalry and the Sioux and Cheyenne Indians--Lt. Col. George A. Custer and about 268 of his force were killed. Visitor center, National Cemetery, Custer Hill, Battle Ridge, museum exhibits, interpretive programs. Local and private campgrounds nearby, picnicking outside the park area.
Location: 17 miles from Hardin, Mont., via Interstate 90, 70 miles east of Billings.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Hardin.

Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site
Box 790, Deer Lodge, MT 59722
(406) 846-3388

A complete cattle ranch headquarters of the type operated in the West between 1850 and 1910. Elegant Victorian ranch house, bunkhouse, granaries, carriage sheds, with early ranch implements, wagons, sleighs. Visitor contact station, exhibits, guided tours, ranching demonstrations, active blacksmith, horsedrawn vehicles. Summer programs re-create late 19th-century ranch activities.
Location: At the north edge of Deer Lodge, Mont., on Interstate 90.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Deer Lodge.


Agate Fossil Beds National Monument
c/o Scotts Bluff National Monument Box 27, Gering, NE 69341
(308) 668-2211

Well-known quarries--one open for public display--contain numerous, concentrated, well-preserved Miocene mammal fossils. Represent an important chapter in mammalian evolution. Visitor center, fossil exhibits, selfguiding trail to area of exposed fossils.
Location: Off Nebr. 29, near Agate, Nebr. Harrison, Nebr., is 30 miles to the north.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Harrison.

Homestead National Monument of America
Route 3, Beatrice, NE 68310
(402) 223-3514

Site of one of the first claims filed under the Homestead Act of 1862. Includes Freeman School. Visitor center, exhibits, restored cabin and schoolhouses, self-guiding trail, guided tours arranged for groups, home-style grist mill for grinding corn available for visitors to operate. Local and state campgrounds nearby.
Location: Off Nebr. 4, 4.5 miles northwest of Beatrice, 50 miles south of Lincoln, Nebr.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Beatrice.

Niobrara National Scenic Riverway
P.O. Box 591, O'Neill, NE 68763-0591
(402) 336-3970

The Niobrara creates spectacular natural scenery. The river's upper portion runs through Fort Niobrara Wildlife Refuge.
Location: North-central Nebraska. Near Towns of Valentine and Ainsworth; access to river is by unpaved country roads.

Scotts Bluff National Monument
Box 27, Gering, NE 69341
(308) 436-4340

This landmark of towering bluffs was passed by tens of thousands of westward-bound pioneers on the Oregon Trail, 1843-1869. In pass through bluffs, ruts are still visible. Visitor center, exhibits, museum, Oregon Trail ruts, covered wagons, living history demonstrations, interpretive programs, self-guiding trail, bicycle trail. Camping and picnicking nearby.
Location 3 miles west of Gering, on Nebr. 92.
Accommodations Meals and lodging in Gering and Scottsbluff (5 miles).


Great Basin National Park
Baker, NV 89311
(702) 234-7331

Ancient bristlecone pine forest, southernmost glacier in the United States on 13,063-foot Wheeler Peak, and the tunnels and decorated galleries of Lehman Caves. Guided tour of cave, picnicking, concessioner services, camping.
Location: At terminus of State Highway 488. From U.S. 6 and 50, take State Route 487 south to 488 west.
Accommodations: Food service and gift shop. Meals and lodging in Baker, 5 miles.

New Hampshire

Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site
RR # 3, Box 73, Cornish, NH 03745
(603) 675-2175

Memorial to American sculptor, Augustus Saint-Gaudens. Contains his home, Aspet, and studios and gardens. Dramatic view of Mount Ascutney across Connecticut River. Home, Little Studio, new gallery, historic stables, cooperating association-sponsored Sunday concerts and art exhibitions, sculptorin-residence in summer, nature trails. House and studios closed October to May.
Location: Off N.H. 12A in Cornish.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in surrounding area.

New Jersey

Edison National Historic Site
Main St. and Lakeside Ave.
West Orange, NJ 07052
(201) 736-5050

Buildings and equipment used for experiments by Thomas A. Edison. Library, papers, and models commemorate important phase of nation's technological progress. Glenmont, Edison's 23-room house, furnished as he and his family lived in it. Guided tours at laboratory, exhibits, old movies, library, world's first movie studio, Glenmont Home tour.
Location: Lakeside Avenue and Main Street, West Orange.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging nearby.

New Mexico

Aztec Ruins National Monument
P.O. Box 640, Aztec, NM 87410
(505) 334-6174

Ruins of large Pueblo Indian community with 12th-century buildings of masonry and timber. Misnamed by early American settlers. Visitor center, museum, native crafts exhibits, self-guiding tours, local campground near monument, picnicking.
Location: Outskirts of small northwestern New Mexico city of Aztec.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Aztec.

Capulin Volcano National Monument
Capulin, NM 88414
(505) 278-2201

Lone symmetrical cinder cone rising above northeastern New Mexico plain, landmark for pioneers on Cimarron cutoff of Santa Fe Trail. Geologically young (10,000 years) volcano. Grassland, forest, wildflowers. Visitor center, exhibits, picnicking, self-guiding nature trails, handicapped access. Private campgrounds nearby.
Location: Entrance on N. Mex. 325, 3 miles north of town of Capulin.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in nearby Capulin, Des Moines, Clayton, and Raton, N. Mex.

Chaco Culture National Historical Park
Star Route 4, Box 6500
Bloomfield, NM 87413
(505) 786-7014

Major Indian ruins unsurpassed in the United States. Represent highest point of Pueblo pre-Columbian civilization. Hundreds of smaller ruins. Visitor center, campground, museum, self-guiding trails, hiking, conducted tours, evening programs.
Location: N. Mex. 57 in northwestern New Mexico, 64 miles south of Aztec, N. Mex.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Aztec.

El Malpais National Monument
P.O. Box 939, Grants, NM 87020-0939
(505) 287-3407

El Malpis is a catolog of volcanic features, including spatter cones, a 17-mile-long lava tube system, and numerous caves.
Location: Western New Mexico. From I-40 at Grants, take N.Mex. 53 south and west or N.Mex. 117 west.

El Morro National Monument
Route 2, Box 43, Ramah, NM 87321
(505) 783-4226

Soft sandstone of monolithic Inscription Rock bears hundreds of inscriptions: 17th-century Spanish explorers, 19th-century American emigrants and settlers. Also pre-Columbian petroglyphs. Visitor center, self-guiding trail, wayside exhibits, picnicking, camping.
Location: 58 miles southeast of Gallup, N. Mex., via N. Mex. 32 and 53.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Grants and Gallup.

Fort Union National Monument
Watrous, NM 87753
(505) 425-8025

100 acres of adobe ruins. Remnants of Southwest's largest frontier fort and supply depot, active 1851-91 as Santa Fe Trail guardian. Key role in Indian Wars and Confederate defeat at Glorieta Pass. Trail ruts still visible on prairie here. Visitor center, museum, selfguiding trail through ruins, picnic area.
Location: 90 miles north of Santa Fe via Interstate 25 and New Mexico 477.

Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Las Vegas, N. Mex., 26 miles south.

Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument
Route 11, Box 100, Silver City, NM 88061
(505) 536-9461

Well-preserved cliff dwellings in natural cavities on face of overhanging cliff. Visitor center, hiking, self-guiding trails, guided pack trips. Forest Service and local campgrounds nearby.
Location: 44 miles north of Silver City, N. Mex. via N. Mex. 15.

Pecos National Historical Park
P.O. Drawer 418, Pecos, NM 87522
(505) 757-6414

Foundations of 17th-century mission church praised in Spanish writings. Ruins of 18th century church. Remains of Pecos Pueblo that housed 2,000 Indians. Restored kivas. Visitor center, museum exhibits, self-guiding ruins trail, introductory film, summer cultural demonstrations.
Location: 25 miles southeast of Santa Fe, via Interstate 25.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Pecos and Santa Fe.

Petroglyph National Monument
4735 Unser Boulevard N.W., Albuquerque, NM 87120-2033 (505) 839-4429

More than 15,000 prehistoric Indian and Hispanic petroglyphs stretch 17 miles along Albuquerque's West Mesa escarpment.
Location: Visitor center is located in Albuquerque, 3 miles north of I-40 on Unser Boulevard.

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
P.O. Box 496, Mountainair, NM 87036-0496
(505) 847-2585

Ruins of 800-year-old pueblo villages stand next to outstanding examples of the remains of Spanish Franciscan missions.
Location: Main visitor center is in Mountainair, at junction of U.S. 60 and N.Mex. 55.


Castle Clinton National Monument
c/o NPS Manhattan Sites 26 Wall Street, New York, NY 10005
(212) 344-7220

Built 1808-11, served first as New York Harbor defense, then promenade and entertainment center, and immigration depot for 8 million people entering nation, 1855-90. Structure being restored to reflect both immigration and promenade eras. Will serve as amphitheater for cultural activities in the New York City area.
Location: In Battery Park in New York City.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in New York City.

Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site
519 Albany Post Road
Hyde Park, NY 12538
(914) 229-9115

Mrs. Roosevelt's beloved retreat, Val-Kill. Home and stone cottage set among trees and ponds. Planned shuttle bus to site from FDR Home. Guided tours of stone cottage and Val-Kill home/Depression factory.
Location: Entrance off Rt. 9G in Hyde Park. Site about 3 miles from Franklin Roosevelt Home-Library on Rt. 9 via St. Andrew's Road. Off-season personal vehicle parking only: summer-fall bus shuttle.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging along Rts. 9 and 9G.

Federal Hall National Memorial
c/o NPS Manhattan Sites, 26 Wall Street New York, NY 10005
(212) 264-8711

Graceful 1842 building on site of original Federal Hall, where the Stamp Act Congress convened, 1765; the Second Continental Congress met, 1785; Washington took the oath as first U.S. President, and Bill of Rights was adopted, 1789: and where John Peter Zenger's trial, testing freedom of the press, was held in 1735. Museum, motion picture, displays, audiovisual exhibits.
Location: 26 Wall Street, New York City.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in New York City.

Fort Stanwix National Monument
112 East Park Street, Rome, NY 13440
(315) 336-2090

The August, 1777, American stand here helped repulse British invasion from Canada. Site of Treaty of Fort Stanwix, 1768, with the Iroquois. Accurately reconstructed 18th century fort, living history program May - September, guided fort tours.
Location: Downtown Rome, at intersection of State Routes 26, 46, 49, 69, and 365.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Rome.

General Grant National Memorial 122nd St. and Riverside Dr.
New York, NY 10027
(212) 666-1640

Largest mausoleum in America holds remains of General and President Ulysses S. Grant and his wife Julia. "I cannot spare this man--he fights," President Abraham Lincoln said of him. President Grant signed act establishing the first national park, Yellowstone, in 1872. Self-guiding tours, pleasant walks in surrounding Riverside Park.
Location: Riverside Drive and 122nd Street, and Henry Hudson Parkway, overlooking Hudson River.
Accommodations: In New York City, Upper Manhattan area.

Hamilton Grange National Memorial
287 Convent Avenue, New York, NY 10031
(212) 283-5154

The Grange, home of Alexander Hamilton, American statesman and first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. Guided house tour, exhibits.
Location: At Convent Avenue and West 141st Street. Can be reached by 8th Avenue IND subway to West 145th Street. Accommodations Meals and lodgingin New York City.

Martin Van Buren National Historic Site
P.O. Box 545, Kinderhook, NY 12106
(518) 758-9689

The Lindenwald, estate of eighth President, Martin Van Buren, the first President born in America. He grew up in this rural, eastern New York State village. Built in 1797, house belonged to life-long friends, the Van Ness family. In 1839, while President, Van Buren bought it and engaged architect Richard Upjohn to design additions and alterations. Guided tours of house, self-guiding walks on grounds. Van Buren gravesite in nearby Kinderhook Village.
Location: Off rural Route 9H south of Kinderhook Village.
Accommodations: Small towns nearby. Traveler services on nearby New York State Thruway and Taconic Parkway.

Sagamore Hill National Historic Site
20 Sagamore Hill Road
Oyster Bay, NY 11771
(516) 922-4788

Estate of Theodore Roosevelt from 1885 until his death in 1919. Original furnishings. Guided tours of home and garden.
Location: Oyster Bay, N.Y., end of Cove Neck Road, 25 miles from New York City, on Long Island.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging on Long Island.

Saratoga National Historical Park
RD 2, Box 33, Stillwater, NY 12170
(518) 664-9821

Scene of American victory over British in 1777; turning point of Revolution and a decisive battle in world history. Maj. Gen. Phillip Schuyler's country home. Visitor center, exhibits, self-guiding tour of battlefield, Schuyler Home.
Location: 30 miles north of Albany, N.Y., on U.S. 54 and N.Y. 32.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Schuylerville, N.Y.

Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site
28 E. 20th Street
New York, NY 10003
(212) 260-1616

Birthplace in 1858 of 26th President of United States.. Guided tour of furnished Roosevelt family home, museum, movies, video tapes.
Location: 28 E. 20th Street, New York City.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in New York City.

Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site
641 Delaware Avenue,
Buffalo, NY 14202
(716) 884-0095

Ansley Wilcox House, where Teddy Roosevelt was sworn in as 26th President, has served as commandant's home, living quarters for famous and successful Buffalo citizens, and as a restaurant. Demolition plans in 1960s were curbed by citizens' campaign. Wilcoxes lived here until 1930s. Guided and self-guiding house tours.
Location: North Buffalo on Delaware Avenue near North Street. Reached from Niagara Thruway, Main Street, or Franklin Street.
Accommodations: In Greater Buffalo Area.

Women's Rights National Historical Park
P.O. Box 70, Seneca Falls, NY 13148
(315) 568-2991

Focuses on women's rights movement and founders. Bostonian Elizabeth Cady Stanton and friends held famous 1848 convention here to publicize long-standing injustices to women. Sites scattered around Seneca Falls Historic District, which encircles Van Cleef Lake. Visitor center exhibits. Stanton House tours.
Location: Visitor Center at 116 Fall Street near State Street, in center of Historic District. Stanton Home at 32 Washington Street. Park near junction of Rts. 414 and 20. New York State Thruway Exit 41 is about 15 miles from park.
Accommodations: Small towns in the Finger Lakes section of Upstate New York.

Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River
RR 2 Box 2428, Beach Lake, PA 18405-9737
24 hour River Conditions Hotline: 914-252-7100

This is a 73.4 mile stretch of free flowing river between Hancock and Sparrow Bush, NY., along the Pennysylvania-New York border. Public fishing and boating access provided. The area is also home to the Roebling Bridge, believed to be the oldest, existing, wire cable suspension bridge. The Zane Grey home and museum are also here.

North Carolina

Cape Lookout National Seashore
3601 Bridges Street, Suite F
Morehead City, NC 28557
(919) 728-2250

Protects undeveloped barrier island environments extending 50 miles between Portsmouth Village and Cape Lookout. Extensive beaches and salt marshes, low dunes, historic Portsmouth, and the 1859 Cape Lookout lighthouse. Surf fishing, shell collecting, boating, lighthouse history talks, naturalist-led walks, hunting, hiking, primitive camping.
Location: Visitor center off U.S. 70 on Harkers Island. Seashore reached only by concessioner-operated ferry from Harkers Island, Davis, Atlantic, or Ocracoke.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Beaufort, Morehead City, and Atlantic Beach.

Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site
1928 Little River Road, Flat Rock, NC 28731
(704) 693-4178

The picturesque 250-acre farm of celebrated poet and Lincoln biographer, Carl Sandburg, includes house, barns, and other buildings, surrounded by rolling pastures, and gardens. Information center, self-guiding tours, picnicking, guided tours of Sandburg Home, special interpretive programs, farm animals.
Location: 3 miles south of Hendersonville, N.C.: 26 miles south of Asheville, N.C., via Interstate 26 or U.S. 25.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Hendersonville.

Fort Raleigh National Historic Site
Rt. 1, Box 675, Manteo, NC 27954
(919) 473-5772

Site of first English attempt to colonize New World, during 1580s. Home of Lost Colony, whose fate remains a mystery. Visitor center, exhibits. movie, self-guiding trails, reconstructed earthen fort, and interpretive programs in summer.
Location: 3 miles north of Manteo on U.S. 64-264.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Manteo.

Guilford Courthouse National Military Park
2332 New Garden Road, Greensboro, NC 27410-2355
(910) 288-1776

The battle fought here on March 25, 1781, was the most hotly contested action of the Revolutionary War's climatic Southern Campaign. The serious loss of British manpower suffered at Guilford Courthouse foreshadowed the American victory seven months later at Yorktown.
Location: From U.S. 220 (Battleground Avenue) in Greensboro, take New Garden Road to park entrance.

Moores Creek National Battlefield
Box 69, Currie, NC 28435
(919) 283-5591

Scene of February 27, 1776 battle between North Carolina Patriots and Loyalists. Patriot victory advanced revolutionary cause in South. with North Carolina becoming first colony to vote independence. Visitor center, exhibits, self-guiding tours, picnicking.
Location: 23 miles northwest of Wilmington, N.C., via U.S. 421 and N.C. 210.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Wilmington.

North Dakota

Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site
Buford Route, Williston, ND 58801
(701) 572-9083

Foundation ruins of largest. most imposing 19th-century trading post on Missouri River. Reconstruction planned; authentic setting preserved. Visitor center. exhibits. guided tours, slide shows.
Location: On County Road 4. off U.S. 2.25 miles southwest of Williston.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Williston. Camping at Fort Buford State Historic Site.

Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site
RR 1, P.O. Box 168, Stanton, ND 58571
(701) 745-3300

Remnants of historic and prehistoric Indian villages, last occupied 1845 by the Hidatsa. contain array of Plains Indian culture artifacts. Visitor contact station, interpretive and exhibits, picnicking.
Location: 3 miles north of Stanton.
Accommodations: Limited meal and lodging services in nearby Stanton, Beulah, Washburn.


Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
16062 State Route 104, Chillicothe, OH 45601-8694
(614) 774-1125

The 23 burial mounds and large geometric earthworks at Mound City Group, as well as finely crafted trade goods reresent the culture of the Hopewell people from about 200B.C. to A.D. 500.
Location: FromChillicothe, take Ohio 104 north for 3 miles.

Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial
P.O. Box 549, Put-in-Bay, OH 43456
(419) 285-2184

Memorial near site where Commodore Oliver H. Perry won greatest naval battle of War of 1812: World's most massive Doric columns. Observation platform. State and private campgrounds, picnicking nearby.
Location: 39 miles from Toledo, on South Bass Island in Lake Erie, about 4 miles from mainland. Reached by autoferry from Catawpa Point and Port Clinton. Air service from Port Clinton airport.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging on South Bass Island and on mainland within 10 miles of ferry dock.

William Howard Taft National Historic Site
2038 Auburn Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45219-3025
(513) 684-3262

William Howard Taft, 27th President and later Chief Justice of the United States, lived in this house from his birth in 1857 until his young adulthood.
Location: Downtown Cincinnati. At 2038 Auburn Ave.


Fort Clatsop National Memorial
Route 3, Box 604-FC, Astoria, OR 97103
(503) 861-2471

Lewis and Clark Expedition wintered here in 1805-6. Reconstruction of fort site, exhibits, audiovisual programs, self-guiding trails, summer costumed interpretation of Lewis and Clark Expedition--flintlock rifle demonstrations, candle-making, dressing skins, making buckskin clothing, building canoes. Picnicking and state and private campgrounds nearby.
Location: 5 miles southwest of Astoria; on U.S. 101,96 miles northwest of Portland.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Astoria.

John Day Fossil Beds National Monument
420 W. Main, John Day, OR 97845
(503) 987-2333

Area records last 40 million years of Age of Mammals. Monument has three separate sections. Streams and mountains. Fishing, trails, picnicking, visitor center, overlooks. wayside exhibits.
Location: Headquarters at John Day. Visitor center 40 miles west near Dayville.
Accommodations: Food and lodging in nearby communities.

Oregon Caves National Monument
19000 Caves Highway
Cave Junction, OR 97523
(503) 592-2100

Poet Joaquin Miller called these caves "The Marble Halls of Oregon." Passages in limestone with intricate flowstone formations. Surrounded by virgin forests of Siskiyou Mountains. Guided cave tour, information station. Campground in Siskiyou National Forest 8 miles on Ore. 46.
Location: 20 miles east of Cave Junction on Ore. Route 46; 50 miles south of Grants Pass.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging June 11 through September 4, write Oregon Caves Chateau, Box 128, Cave Junction, OR 97523. Food service and child care. Other meals and lodging in Cave Junction.


Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site
Box 247, Cresson, PA 16630
(814) 886-6150

Traces and structures of Allegheny Portage Railroad, built 1831-34. Lifted passengers and cargoes of Pennsylvania canal boats over Allegheny Mountains. Visitor center and museum at Lemon House, picnicking half-mile west. Living history demonstrations, interpretive talks, trails, cross-country ski trails.
Location: In Blair and Cambria Counties. U.S. 22 is main route through area. Visitor center on U.S. 22, 2 miles east of Cresson.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Cresson.

Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site
313 Walnut Street
Philadelphia, PA 19106
(215) 597-8780

Edgar Allan Poe's 6 years in Philadelphia were his most productive. He published "The Tell-Tale Heart" and "The Goldbug." Of his Philadelphia residences, only this home survives. House tours, exhibits, audiovisual program, small garden next to site.
Location: On 7th St. 6 blocks north of Market St. By car, take 3rd or 5th Sts. north to Spring Garden, then west to 7th. From the Benjamin Franklin Bridge, turn right on 7th to Spring Garden (street will detour). Free parking on street. By public transportation: from Market St. take #47 bus north from 9th St., or from Liberty Bell take #50 trolley north at 5th and Market to Spring Garden. walk 2 blocks west to 532 N. Seventh St.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Philadelphia.

Eisenhower National Historic Site
97 Taneytown Rd., Gettysburg, PA 17325-2804 (717) 338-9114

Built in the 1830's, the railroad portage over the Allegheny Mountains, through only a short section section of the Pennsylvania Main Line canals of eastern and western Pennsylvania.
Location: Park can only be reached by shuttle bus from the Gettysburg National Military Park visitor center, off U.S. 15 (Emmitsburg Road).

Fort Necessity National Battlefield
RD 2, Box 528, The National Pike
Farmington, PA 15437
(412) 329-5512

Scene of battle opening French and Indian War, July 3, 1754. Colonials under Lt. Col. George Washington, aged 22, met French troops and Indians. Also Mount Washington Tavern, refurnished 19th-century stagecoach inn. Visitor center, slide program, archeological exhibits, reconstructed fort, guided tours of tavern, picnicking. Private and state campgrounds nearby.
Location: 11 miles east of Uniontown, Pa. on U.S. 40.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Uniontown.

Friendship Hill National Historic Site
c/o Fort Necessity National Battlefield RD 2, Box 528, TheNational Pike
Farmington, PA 15437
(412) 329-5512

Young Swiss immigrant Albert Gallatin made his home here on frontier's edge in 1780s. Gallatin, Secretary of the Treasury 1801-13, served his adopted country in business, politics, diplomacy, and scholarship. Conducted tours of unrestored 35-room Gallatin house, visitor center with exhibits and slide program, 5.4-mile hiking/cross-country ski trail, limited picnic facilities. Private and state campgrounds within 30 miles.
Location Along State Route 166, 3 miles north of Point Marion, Pa., about midway between Uniontown, Pa. and Morgantown, W. Va.
Accommodations Meals in Point Marion and Masontown, Pa. Meals and lodging in Uniontown and Morgantown.

Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site
R.D. # 1, Box 345, Elverson, PA 19520
(610) 582-8773

Finest example of early American iron plantation. Hopewell produced iron 1771-1883. Restored charcoal-fueled iron furnace, waterwheel, cast house, ironmaster's mansion, workers' homes, and other industrial and domestic buildings. Visitor center with slide program and exhibits, summer living history program, walking tour. Camping and recreational facilities in adjoining state park.
Location: 5 miles south of Birdsboro, Pa., on Pa. Route 345, 45 miles northwest of Philadelphia.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Reading, Portstown, and Morgantown.

Johnstown Flood National Memorial
P.O. Box 355, St. Michael, PA 15951
(814) 495-4643

Memorializes tragic Johnstown Flood of 1889, caused by break in South Fork Dam on Little Conemaugh River tributary. Visitor center at dam site. interpretive talks during summer months, interpretive trails, picnic facilities.
Location: Along U.S. 219 and Pa. 869 at the South Fork Dam site, 10 miles northeast of Johnstown near St. Michael, Pa.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Johnstown.

Steamtown National Historic Site
150 S. Washington Ave. Scranton, PA 18503-2018
(717) 340-5200

The former Deleware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad yard-including the remains of the roundhouse, switchyard, associated buildings, steam locomotives, and railroad cars-tell the story of early-20th-century steam railroading in America.
Location: In downtown Scranton; entrance is off Lackawanna Ave. at Bridge Street.

Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial
c/o Independence National Historic Park
313 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19106-2278
(215) 597-9618

The life and career of this Polish-born patriot and hero of the American Revolution are commemorated at the site where Kosciuszko lived in 1797-98.
Location: Downtown Philadelphia. At 301 Pine Street.

Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River
RR 2 Box 2428, Beach Lake, PA 18405-9737
24 hour River Conditions Hotline: 914-252-7100

This is a 73.4 mile stretch of free flowing river between Hancock and Sparro w Bush, NY., along the Pennysylvania-New York border. Public fishing and boatin g access provided. The area is also home to the Roebling Bridge, believed to be the oldest, existing, wire cable suspension bridge. The Zane Grey home and museum are also here.

Rhode Island

Roger Williams National Memorial
282 N. Main Street
Providence, RI 02903
(401) 521-7266

Undeveloped site commemorates Roger Williams, 17th-century advocate of religious freedom and democracy, who rounded Colony of Rhode Island in 1636. Located in the College Hill Historic District. Slide program, exhibits, area information, and a small formal garden memorializing the Roger Williams Spring.
Location: 282 North Main Street, Providence.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in the Greater Providence Area.

South Carolina

Congaree Swamp National Monument
200 Caroline Sims Road, Hopkins, SC 29061
(803) 776-4396

Last significant tract of pristine southern bottomland hardwoods in southeast United States. Great variety of trees, many of state or national record size. Visitor contact and first-aid station, fishing, hiking trails, canoeing, guided walking tours on Saturdays, guided canoe tours on Sundays. Boardwalk under construction.
Location: 20 miles southeast of Columbia off S.C. 48 {Bluff Rd.t. Signs lead to the park on Old Bluff Road.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging available in Columbia.

Cowpens National Battlefield
P.O. Box 308, Chesnee, SC 29323
(803) 461-2828

Site of Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan's victory over British Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton on January 17.1781, about three months after the American success at Kings Mountain. Visitor center, museum exhibits, self-guiding trail. battlefield tour road, picnic facilities, multi-image slide presentation, battlefield map display.
Location: 11 miles northwest of Interstate 85 at Caffney. S.C.. and two miles southeast of U.S. 221 at Chesnee, at the intersection of S.C. 11 and 110.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Gaffney.

Kings Mountain National Military Park
Box 40, Kings Mountain, NC 28086
(803) 936-7921

Site of important American frontiersmen victory at critical point in Revolution, October 7, 1780. Visitor center, museum exhibits, self-guiding trail, hiking and horse trails, living history camp and evening programs on summer weekends. Camping and picnicking in adjoining state park.
Location: In South Carolina, 35 miles northeast of Spartanburg, S.C., on U.S. 29.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Gaffney and Spartanburg, S.C.

Ninety Six National Historic Site
Box 496, Ninety Six, SC 29666
(803) 543-4068

Important backcountry trading village held briefly by British in Revolution was scene of Nathanael Greene's siege in 1781. Earthwork embankments, remains of two historic villages. colonial plantation, and prehistoric sites. Visitor center, picnicking, Revolutionary War interpretive trails. Camping in Greenwood State Park, 8 miles away.
Location: 9 miles east of Greenwood and 2 miles south of Ninety Six, S.C., on State Highway 248.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Greenwood.

South Dakota

Jewel Cave National Monument
R.R. 1, Box 60AA, Custer, SD 57730
(605) 673-2288

Caverns in limestone formation. Series of chambers connected by narrow passages. Many side galleries and fine calcite crystal encrustations. Visitor center, cave tours, picnicking.
Location: 13 miles west of Custer, on U.S. 16.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Custer and in Newcastle, Wyo.


Andrew Johnson National Historic Site
P.O. Box 1088, Greeneville, TN 37744
(615) 638-3551

Home, tailor shop, and grave of 17th President of United States, 1865-69. Includes Andrew Johnson National Cemetery. Visitor center, museum, tailor shop, Andrew Johnson Home.
Location: In Greeneville, Tenn., 70 miles northeast of Knoxville, Tenn.
Accommodations Meals and lodging in Greeneville.

Fort Donelson National Military Park
P.O. Box 434, Dover, TN 37058
(615) 232-5706

Site of February, 1862 Civil War battle, first major Union victory. Began Ulysses S. Grant's rise to prominence. Remains of Confederate built fort, water batteries, and outer defenses. Dover Hotel, restored site of surrender. Visitor center, exhibits, self-guiding auto tour, National Cemetery.
Location: West side of Dover on U.S. 79.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Dover.

Obed Wild and Scenic River
P.O.Box 429, Wartburg, TN 37887-0429
(615) 346-6294

The Obed River and its two main tributaries cut deeply here into the sandstone of the Cumberland Plateau.
Location: From Wartburg, take U.S.27 north to Tenn. 62 west.

Stones River National Battlefield
3501 Old Nashville Highway
Murfreesboro, TN 37129
(615) 893-9501

Scene of a fierce mid-winter battle, December 31, 1862-January 2, 1863, which began Union offensive to trisect Confederacy. Visitor center, self-guiding auto tour of battlefield, interpretive exhibits, National Cemetery. picnicking. Army Corps of Engineers and private campgrounds nearby.
Location: Northwest corner of Murfreesboro, 30 miles southeast of Nashville, Tenn.. on U.S. 40.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Murfreesboro.


Alibates Hint Quarries National Monument Box 1438, Fritch, TX 79036 (806) 857-3151

Quarries used from 12,000 years ago to 1870s. Multi-colored flint was used for tools of survival. Undeveloped. Guided tours daily Memorial Day to Labor Day; by reservation at other times.
Location: Adjoins Lake Meredith Recreation Area, 40 miles north of Amarillo, Tex.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Fritch and Borger.

Big Thicket National Preserve
3785 Milam, Beaumont, TX 77701
(409) 246-2337

Great biological diversity. Plants and animals from eastern deciduous forests, southern pine savannahs, and prairies. Visitor information station, hiking, guided walks, self-guiding trails, fishing, boating.
Location: Widely separated units scattered north of Beaumont. Information station on FM 420, 2.5 miles east of U.S. 69, 7 miles north of Kountze.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Beaumont and smaller towns of Woodville, Silsbee, and Kountze.

Chamizal National Memorial
800 S. San Marcial, El Paso, TX 79905
(915) 532-7273

Memorializes signing of 1963 treaty resolving 99-year boundary dispute between United States and Mexico. Area presents International Boundary history. Activities preserve cultural heritages of both nations. Visitor center, museum, interpretive exhibits, documentary film, travel information, graphic arts galleries, biking, picnicking, theatrical performances. Auditorium open 8 to 5 daily, evenings as scheduled. Festivals in March, May, July, September, and October.
Location: In south-central El Paso on International Boundary. Entrances from San Marcial Street and Delta Drive, easy access to and from Interstate 10.
Accommodations Meals and lodging in El Paso and Juarez, Mexico, adjacent to park.

Fort Davis National Historic Site
Box 1456, Fort Davis, TX 79734
(915) 426-3224

Strategic west Texas defense post from 1854-1891. Troops guarded traffic on the San Antonio-El Paso Road, protected region's settlers, and campaigned against Comanche and Apache Indians. Visitor center with museum and audiovisual program, restored and refurnished historic buildings, interpretive programs, picnic area.
Location: Northern edge of town of Fort Davis. Reached from Interstate 10 via Tex. 17 and 118 or from U.S. 90 via 505 and 166 or 17.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in town of Fort Davis and in nearby Davis Mountains State Park.

Guadalupe Mountains National Park
H.C. 60, Box 400
Salt Flat, TX 79847
(915) 828-3251

Most extensive exposed fossil reef on Earth. Scenic desert lowlands, rugged canyons, and forested mountains. Highest peak in Texas. Camping, backpacking. hiking, visitor center, guided hikes, primitive roads, and interpretive programs.
Location: On U.S. 62-180, 55 miles southwest of Carlsbad, N. Mex., 110 miles east of El Paso, Tex.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in White's City, 34 miles northeast on U.S. 62-180, and in Carlsbad.

Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park
P.O.Box 329, Johnson City, TX 78636-0329
(210) 868-7128

LBJ's Birthplace, boyhood home, grandparents' log cabin, and ranch, along with the Johnson family cemetery and much of the historic landscape, commemorate the life and career of the 36th President.
Location: LBJ Boyhood home and Johnson Settlement are in Johnson City. LBJ Ranch is 14 miles west of Johnson City off U.S.290.


Golden Spike National Historic Site
P.O. Box W, Brigham City, UT 84302
(801) 471-2209

Marks joining of America's first transcontinental railroad. Final spike driven here in 1869, uniting Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroads. Visitor center, interpretive programs, picnicking.
Location: 32 miles west of Brigham City.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Brigham City and Tremonton.

Natural Bridges National Monument
Box 1, Lake Power, UT 84533
(801) 259-5174

Sipapu, Kachina, Owachomo--stream-eroded bridges with lyrical names. From 180 to 268 feet in span and 9 to 93 feet thick. Prehistoric pictographs. Visitor center, campground, exhibits, hiking, nature trails, picnicking, scenic view.
Location: 40 miles west of Blanding via Utah 95.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Blanding.

Rainbow Bridge National Monument
c/o Glen Canyon National Recreation Area
Box 1507, Page, AZ 86040
(602) 645-2511

World's greatest natural bridge. Symmetrical arch of salmon-pink sandstone rises 290 feet above gorge. Camping, picnicking, boating, boat tours by concessioners. Scenic flights from Page.
Location: Reached by trail from base Navajo Mountain (15 miles): also by from Lake Powell in Glen Canyon Recreation Area.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Page. Camping in Glen Canyon NRA.

Timpanogos Cave National Monument
R.R.3, Box 200, American Fork, UT 84003-9803
(801) 756-5239

The Colorful limestone cavern on the side of Mount Timpanogos is noted for helictites-glasslike formations that grow in all directions and shapes.
Location: Salt Lake City area. Take I-15 south to Utah 92.


Appomattox Court House National Historical Park
Box 218, Appomattox, VA 24522
(804) 352-8987

Scene of surrender, on April 9, 1865, of Confederacy's largest field army, under Gen. Robert E. Lee, to Federal Army under Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. Courthouse, restored town, visitor center, exhibits, 6-mile hiking trail. Camping and picnic areas nearby.
Location: 3 miles northeast of town of Appomattox on Va. 24, and 75 miles from Roanoke.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Appomattox.

Booker T. Washington National Monument
Route 3, Box 310, Hardy, VA 24101
(703) 721-2094

Site of birthplace and childhood home of black leader and educator. A Living Farm area with crops and farm animals. Park interpreters in period dress, mid-June to Labor Day. Visitor center, exhibits, audiovisual program, self-guiding trail, living history farm and picnic area. Private and public campgrounds nearby.
Location: 16 miles northeast of Rocky Mount,Va., via Va. 122N, and 20 miles southeast of Roanoke via Va. 116S and 122N, and 21 miles southwest of Bedford via 122.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Rocky Mount, Roanoke, and Bedford.

George Washington Birthplace National Monument
R.R. 1, Box 717
Washington's Birthplace, VA 22443
(804) 224-1732

Birthplace of first U.S. President, memorial mansion, and gardens. Site of tombs of his father, grandfather, and greatgrandfather. Restored and operating Colonial farm complete with crops, plowing, preparation of period food, and guides in period dress. Historic mansion area, colonial farm, burial grounds, hiking trails, picnic areas, visitor center.
Location: On Potomac River, 38 miles east of Fredericksburg, Va., reached from Va. 3 via Va. 204. 85 miles southeast of Washington, D.C.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Fredericksburg, Montross, and Colonial Beach.

Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site
c/o Richmond National Battlefield Park
3215 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA 23223
(804) 780-1380

Restored home of black community leader who was first woman president of a U.S. financial institution. Period furnishings. Please call before visit. Guided tours arranged. Restoration underway: projected opening in 1985.
Location: Downtown Richmond at 1101/2 East Leigh Street, in Jackson Ward National Historic Landmark District.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Richmond.

Virgin Islands

Buck Island Reef National Monument
Box 160, Christiansted, St. Croix, VI 00820
(809) 773-1460

Among the finest coral reefs and crystal lagoons in the Caribbean. Grottoes, sea fans, gorgonias, and tropical fishes. Underwater trail. Rookery of frigate birds and pelicans. Habitat of sea turtles. Boating tour, swimming, skindiving, underwater trail, nature trail, bathhouse, picnic areas, snorkeling.
Location: Off northeast coast of St. Croix, Virgin Islands. Reached only by boat.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Christiansted.

Christiansted National Historic Site
Box 160, Christiansted, St. Croix, VI 00820
(809) 773-1460

Commemorates colonial development of Virgin Islands. Preserves 18th- and 19th-century Danish colonial structures at former Danish West Indies capital on St. Croix Island. Discovered by Christopher Columbus, 1493. Walking tour of restored buildings, information at Park Service visitor center at Fort Christiansvaern in downtown Christiansted.
Location: In city of Christiansted on St. Croix.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging Christiansted.


Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve
P.O. Box 774, Coupville, WA 98239-0074
(360) 678-6084

This rural historic district-including farms little changed since the 1850's-provides a continuous record of Puget Sound exploration and settlement. The reserve includes prairies, beaches, and the Victorian seaport of coupeville.
Location: Whidbey Island in Puget Sound. Island can be reached by car, scheduled ferry, or by boat. Museum is in Coupville at 908 N.W. Alexander Street.

Fort Vancouver National Historic Site
612 E. Reserve Street, Vancouver, WA 98661
(360) 696-7655

Western headquarters of Hudson's Bay Company, 1825-49. Trading and political hub for Pacific Northwest. Visitor center, museum exhibits, reconstructed stockade, children's playground. Picnicking and private campground nearby.
Location: Vancouver, Wash.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Greater Vancouver Area.

Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park
117 South Main Street, Seattle, WA 98104
(206) 553-7220

Interprets: Seattle's role as main supply center for Alaska and Klondike gold fields, 1897-1898, and relates gold rush drama. Mining exhibits, artifacts. large historic photomurals, audiovisual programs.
Location: 117 So. Main in Seattle's historic Pioneer Square area.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in immediate area.

San Juan Island National Historical Park
Box 429, Friday Harbor, WA 98250
(206) 378-2240

Commemorates peaceful relations--United States, Great Britain, and Canada--since 1872 boundary dispute here. Includes English and American campsites. Limited camping in county-owned park, small commercial trailer park, two small commercial campgrounds, remains of earthworks and two structures in American Camp, four remaining structures in English Camp.
Location: Reached by autoferry from Anacortes, Wash., about 88 miles north of Seattle. Also, by private boats, or by air from Seattle to Friday Harbor.
Accommodations: Limited overnight accommodations at Friday Harbor and Roche Harbor.

Whitman Mission National Historic Site
Route 2, Box 247, Walla Walla, WA 99362
(509) 522-6360

Commemorates Marcus and Narcissa Whitman's courage and labor amongNative Americans in Old Oregon when American immigrants began comingdown the Oregon Trail. Clash between Indian and American cultures led totheir deaths in 1847. Visitor center, picnicking, museum, exhibits, self-guiding trails, mission site, pioneer and Indian cultural demonstrations.
Location: 7 miles west of Walla Walla off U.S. 12.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Walla Walla.

West Virginia

Bluestone National Scenic River
c/o New River Gorge National River P.O.Box 246, Glen Jean, WV 25846-0246

This area protects 11 miles of this relatively unspoiled river, along with the natural and historic Appalachian plateau landscape.
Location: There are river access points off W.V. 20 between towns of Hinton and Princeton, through Bluestone or Pipestem state parks.

Gauley River National Recreational Area
c/o New River Gorge National River
P.O. Box 264, Glen Jean, WV 25846-0246
(302) 456-0508

The 25 miles of free-flowing Gauley River and 6 miles of the Meadow River pass through scenic gorges and valleys containing a wide variety of natural and cultural features.
Location: From Summersville, take U.S.19 south, then W.V. 129 west to main river access point at Summersville Dam.


Apostle Islands National Lakeshore
Route 1, Box 4, Bayfield, WI 54814
(715) 779-3397

Twenty islands and a 12-mile strip on Lake Superior's south shore. Sandstone cliffs, sea caves, lighthouses, sand beaches. Headquarters and visitor center in Bayfield. Hiking, sailing, boat tours, beachcombing, nature photography, commercial fishing, museum, hunting, fishing, tent camping in designated and backcountry sites on most islands.
Location: Mainland unit 13 miles northwest of Bayfield. Islands reached by concession operated or private boat.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Bayfield.


Fort Laramie National Historic Site
Fort Laramie, WY 82212
(307) 837-2221

Site of fur-trading post and surviving buildings of major military post guarding covered-wagon trails to West, 1834-90. Visitor center, self-guiding tours, military and civilian life on a frontier military post portrayed, including loading and firing demonstrations, and post trading operations.
Location: 3 miles southwest of town of Fort Laramie on U.S. 26.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Fort Laramie.

Fossil Butte National Monument
Box 527, Kemmerer, WY 83101
(307) 877-4455

Nation's most extensive concentration of fossilized freshwater fish, in 60 million-year-old layers of shale. Visitor center, hiking, exhibits, picnicking, interpretive programs.
Location: 10 miles north of Kemmerer on U.S. 30.
Accommodations: Meals and logging in Kemmerer.
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Acadia National Park

Acadia National Park has a rich human history that includes Native Americans, European settlers, artists, conservationists, and more. Each group has made its mark on what is today Acadia National Park. Explore this section to discover the people and stories of Acadia.

Big Bend National Park

Big Bend National Park is a land of borders. Situated on the boundary with Mexico along the Rio Grande, it is a place where countries and cultures meet. It is also a place that merges natural environments, from desert to mountains. It is a place where south meets north and east meets west, creating a great diversity of plants and animals. The park covers over 801,000 acres of west Texas in the place where the Rio Grande makes a sharp turn - the Big Bend. Authorized June 20, 1935; established June 12, 1944. Designated a United States Biosphere Reserve, 1976.

Denali National Park

Denali’s dynamic glaciated landscape supports a diversity of wildlife with grizzly bears, caribou, wolves, Dall sheep and moose. Summer slopes are graced with birds and wildflowers. Visitors enjoy sightseeing, backpacking, mountaineering, and research opportunities. Whether climbing or admiring, the crowning jewel of North America’s highest peak is the awe inspiring 20,320 foot Mount McKinley.

Glacier National Park

The power of glaciers is evident throughout this view of Mt. Wilbur and Swiftcurrent Lake. Imagine giant tongues of ice, filling the valleys on either side of the peak and then joining together where the lake sits today. Bowl shaped amphitheaters (called cirques) sit at the heads of the valleys, the results of thousands of years of quarrying by ice. The cirque right behind Mt. Wilbur holds Iceberg Lake, one of the most popular destinations in the park.

Grand Canyon National Park - Yavapai Point

Located entirely in northern Arizona, the park encompasses 277 miles of the Colorado River and adjacent uplands. One of the most spectacular examples of erosion anywhere in the world, Grand Canyon is unmatched in the incomparable vistas it offers to visitors on the rim. Grand Canyon National Park is a World Heritage Site.

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Ridge upon ridge of endless forest straddling the border between North Carolina and Tennessee, Great Smoky Mountains National Park is one of the largest protected areas in the Eastern United States. World renowned for the diversity of its plant and animal life, the beauty of its ancient mountains, the quality of its remnants of Southern Appalachian mountain culture, and the depth and integrity of its wilderness sanctuary, the park attracts over nine million visitors each year.

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park, displays the results of 70 million years of volcanism, migration, and evolution — processes that thrust a bare land from the sea and clothed it with unique ecosystems, and a distinct human culture. The park highlights two of the world’s most active volcanoes, and offers insights on the birth of the Hawaiian Islands and views of dramatic volcanic landscapes.

Joshua Tree National Park

Joshua Tree National Park is immense, nearly 800,000 acres, and infinitely variable. Two deserts, two large ecosystems whose characteristics are determined primarily by elevation, come together at Joshua Tree National Park. Below 3,000 feet, the Colorado Desert encompasses the eastern part of the park and features natural gardens of creosote bush, ocotillo, and cholla cactus. The higher, moister, and slightly cooler Mojave Desert is the special habitat of the Joshua tree.

Mammoth Cave

Mammoth Cave National Park was established to preserve the cave system, including Mammoth Cave, the scenic river valleys of the Green and Nolin rivers, and a section of south central Kentucky. This is the longest recorded cave system in the world with more than 360 miles explored and mapped.

Mammoth Hot Springs

The Mammoth WebCam shows a real-time still picture of Mammoth Hot Springs as viewed from the second floor of the Albright Visitor Center. You are looking over the visitor center parking lot, across a lawn area that was once used as a drill field by the U.S. Cavalry stationed at Fort Yellowstone. Beyond the fenced area, that warns visitors of a location where the surface limestone has collapsed creating a large hole, appear the white travertine deposits of the Mammoth Hot Spring Terraces. Occasionally the camera will not be aimed at the scene described above, but rather at some elk or another subject of interest in the Mammoth area.

Mount Rainier National Park

Mount Rainier National Park was established on March 2, 1899, and encompasses 235,625 acres, ranging in elevation from 1,610' to 14,410' above sea level. The "mountain" is an active volcano encased in over 35 square miles of snow and ice, surrounded by old growth forest and stunning wildflower meadows. The park is also rich in cultural resources and was designated a National Historic Landmark District as an outstanding example of early park planning and NPS rustic architecture.

Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument - Washington

Before its violent eruption in 1980, Mount St. Helens was known as "the Fuji of America" because its symmetrical beauty was similar to that of the famous Japanese volcano. The graceful cone top, whose glistening cap of perennial snow and ice dazzled the viewer, is now largely gone. On May 18, 1980, the missing mountaintop was transformed in a few hours into the extensive volcanic ash that blanketed much of the Northwestern United States and into various other deposits closer to the mountain. The U.S. Geological Survey monitors the site for volcanic activity.

North Cascades National Park

Few fully know the intense and rugged beauty of the North Cascades - jagged peaks, deep valleys, cascading waterfalls and over 700 glaciers. North Cascades National Park Service Complex contains the heart of this mountainous region in three park units which are all managed as one and include North Cascades National Park, Ross Lake and Lake Chelan National Recreation Areas. Each area offers different experiences and contains wilderness.

Old Faithful

The Old Faithful WebCam sends a new real-time photo of Old Faithful Geyser approximately every 30 seconds. Old Faithful is not the largest or most regular geyser in the park. It has become a popular destination because it erupts more frequently than any of the other big geysers. All times mentioned on this page are Mountain Time.

Olympic National Park

Glacier capped mountains, wild Pacific coast and magnificent stands of old-growth forests, including temperate rain forests -- at Olympic National Park, you can find all three. About 95% of the park is designated wilderness, which further protects these diverse and spectacular ecosystems. Olympic is also known for its biological diversity. Isolated for eons by glacial ice, and later the waters of Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca, the Olympic Peninsula has developed its own distinct array of plants and animals. Eight kinds of plants and 15 kinds of animals are found on the peninsula but no where else on Earth.

Point Reyes National Seashore

Point Reyes National Seashore contains unique elements of biological and historical interest in a spectacularly scenic panorama of thunderous ocean breakers, open grasslands, bushy hillsides and forested ridges. Native land mammals number about 37 species and marine mammals augment this total by another dozen species. The biological diversity stems from a favorable location in the middle of California and the natural occurrence of many distinct habitats.

Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Park

These parks are home to giants: immense mountains, deep canyons, and huge trees. Thanks to their huge elevational range, 1,500' to 14,491', they protect stunningly diverse habitats. The Generals Highway climbs over 5000 feet from chaparral and oak-studded foothills to the awe-inspiring sequoia groves. From there, trails lead to the high-alpine wilderness which makes up most of these parks. Beneath the surface lie over 200 fascinating caverns.

St. Mary Visitor Center

This view from the St. Mary Visitor Center looks southwest to Red Eagle Mountain, the largest peak in the middle of the picture. Below the mountains lies Saint Mary Lake. In the afternoon sunlight reflects off the surface of the lake, making it easier to see. Watch for elk, which are sometimes visible in the meadows near the road. If the picture looks particularly fuzzy with lines like in a television, it is due to wind. This part of the park is notoriously windy most of the year.

Theodore Roosevelt National Park

The colorful North Dakota badlands provides the scenic backdrop to the park which memorializes the 26th president for his enduring contributions to the conservation of our nation's resources. The park contains 70,448 acres divided among three units: South Unit, North Unit and the Elkhorn Ranch Unit. In the park you will find badlands, open prairie, hard wood draws, bison, prairie dogs and other wildlife, the Little Missouri River, and a past history that includes Theodore Roosevelt.

Washington D.C.

National Capital Parks-Central (NACC) is responsible for over 1,000 acres of the most significant natural and cultural resources in the United States. The sites of NACC are cherished symbols of our nation, known worldwide and depicted on everything from currency to the nightly news. Located in the core of the nation's capital, NACC administers, interprets, maintains and preserves the Washington Monument, the Lincoln and Jefferson Memorials, Ford's Theatre National Historic Site, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, the Korean War Veterans Memorial, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Pennsylvania Avenue from the Capitol to the White House, the National Mall, East and West Potomac Parks, Constitution Gardens, 60 statues, and numerous other historic sites, memorials, and parklands. NACC is responsible for significant maintenance and preservation support for the White House as well as the U.S. Navy Memorial.

Washington, DC - Cherry Blossom

The blooming of the cherry trees around the Tidal Basin in Washington, D.C. has come to symbolize the natural beauty of our nation's capital city. Hundreds of thousands of visitors from across the nation and around the world come to the Nations Capital to witness the spectacle, hoping that the trees will be at the peak of bloom for the Cherry Blossom Festival, Washington, D.C.'s rite of spring.

List of all National Park Service Web Cameras

The National Park Service operates digital cameras at many parks to help educate the public on air quality issues. These cameras often show the effects of air pollution such as visibility impairment.

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