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As the nation's principal conservation agency, the Department of the Interior has responsibility for most of our nationally owned public lands and natural resources. This includes fostering the wisest use of our land and water resources, protecting our fish and wildlife, preserving the environmental and cultural values of our national parks and historical places, and providing for the enjoyment of life through outdoor recreation. The Department assesses our energy and mineral resources and works to assure that their development is in the best interest of all our people. The Department also has a major responsibility for American Indian reservation communities and for people who live in island territories under United States administration.

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Few travelers are familiar with most parks described here. Many are located away from principal highways or are relatively new to the National Park System." And most, but not all, are smaller than the more popular parks. Yet these sites contain nationally significant scenic and cultural resources, many of comparable quality to the more famous parks.
The natural areas offer a fascinating variety-lush forests, desert landscapes, massive gorges, fields of wildflowers, and natural and man-made lakes. They serve as precious habitat for wild creatures--bears, mountain lions, foxes, bighorn sheep, deer, eagles, owls, and waterfowl.
Many lesser-known parks are historical areas, such as battlefields of the Revolutionary and Civil Wars, forts along the routes of western exploration and migration, ruins of the dwelling places of pre-Columbian native peoples, and homes of Presidents and other men and women who contributed significantly to the nation's progress.
Many of these parks offer both natural beauty and historical interest. Even during busy seasons, they are not are not heavily used, so you may explore them and learn there secrets at your leisure.

About one-fifth of these lesser-known parks charge an entrance fee of $3 to $10 per private passenger vehicle or $1 to $5 per person. If you plan to visit several parks that have entrance fees, you can save money with the $50 Golden Eagle Pass. It provides entry to all national park areas for one calendar year. Visitors 62 and over qualify for a Golden Age Pass. The pass has a one time charge of $10 and it is a lifetime pass. It provides free entry and a 50-percent discount on federal camping and other use fees. Proof of age is required: applicants must appear in person. Blind and permanently disabled persons who qualify for disability benefits under one of several federal programs may obtain a free lifetime Golden Access Pass. It must be applied for in person and provides the same privileges as the Golden Age Pass. All three passes are available at recreation fee areas.

Try to make the visitor center your first stop at any park. There you will find information on attractions, facilities. and activities, such as scenic drives. nature trails. and historic tours. Descriptive films, literature, and exhibits will acquaint you with the geology. history, and plant and animal life of the area. The park staff will answer questions about accommodations, services. and the accessibility of attractions. Most parks described in this book do not offer meals and lodging.
Many parks can provide assistance for those who have visual, auditory, or other physical limitations. Most have parking lots, restrooms, and other features that are accessible to disabled persons. If accessibility is important to you, however, inquire in advance.
Care for Persons and Resources

Observe common-sense safety rules. Natural hazards abound in outdoor areas. especially for those unfamiliar with such terrain. Watch your children. Never approach wild animals, even small ones. If you swim or climb or take hiking trips. do so with a partner, and tell someone on the park staff where you will be. Historic buildings are old: watch for low doorways and steep steps.
Please remember that our parks protect natural and cultural resources that can be fragile. To avoid inadvertent damage, please follow the suggestions of park staffs. Special restrictions sometimes apply to backpacking or boating to protect backcountry areas from overuse. Free permits to use certain backcountry trails and areas are issued at the parks. In some cases. such permits may be obtained by mail in advance.
Many of these parks are close to state parks, national forests, and other reservations providing additional recreational and camping opportunities. Information on such areas is available from state travel bureaus or from federal land managers. The latter include the Forest Service. U.S. Department of Agriculture: the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: and the Bureau of Land Management, Fish and Wildlife Service, and Bureau of Reclamation of the U.S. Department of the Interior.

National Park Handbooks

Official National Park Handbooks exist for many of the parks described in this directory and guide. Though many of these areas are not well known, the stories they embrace are integral parts of our history. culture. and heritage. For information about how to obtain the official handbook that explores the area or areas you are interested in, call or write to the park superintendent before your visit. Telephone numbers and addresses are listed for each park.


Horseshoe Bend National Military Park
Route 1, Box 103, Daviston, AL 36256
(205) 234-7111

Site of the battle of March 27. 1814, on the Tallapoosa River. General Andrew Jackson's forces broke the power of Creek Indian Confederacy and opened Alabama and other Old Southwest areas to settlement. Visitor center, self-guiding tour of battlefield. nature trail, exhibits. flintlock rifle demonstrations, hiking, picnic area, launching ramps.
Location: The park is on Ala. 49.12 miles north of Dadeville and 18 miles northeast of Alexander City via New Site.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging available in Dadeville and Alexander City. Camping facilities in Wind Creek State Park, Talledega National Forest, Mt. Cheaha State Park, nearby.

Russell Cave National Monument
Route 1, Box 175, Bridgeport, AL 35740

Archeological site of 8.000 years of human life on this continent, encompassing Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian Periods. Visitor center with museum, cave shelter audiovisual program, nature trail, hiking trail, horse trail, film and slide programs, archaic weapons demonstrations, lunch area.
Location: 8 miles west of Bridgeport. From U.S. Route 72 at Bridgeport, follow Jackson County Roads 91 and 75.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging available in South Pittsburgh, Tenn., and Stevenson. Ala.

Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site
P.O. Drawer 10
Tuskegee Institute, AL 36088

Booker T. Washington is credited with having founded this college for black Americans in 1881. Preserved here are student-made brick buildings; The Oaks, family home of Booker T. Washington; the George W. Carver Museum; and an antebellum mansion, Grey Columns, which is the visitor center. Bookstore, exhibits, film and slide presentations, selfguiding tours of historic campus district and Carver Museum, guided tours at The Oaks, self-guiding nature trail.
Location: On Old Montgomery Road State Route 1261 adjacent to the city of Tuskegee.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging on Tuskegee Institute's campus during regular academic periods. and within the city of Tuskegee. Forest Service camping facilities within 15 miles of the site.


Katmai National Park and Preserve Box 7, King Salmon, AK 99613

Rugged shoreline backed by mountain wilderness and the dying Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes. Home of the brown bear and bald eagle. Fishing, camping, guided tours, hiking, wildlife sanctuary. nature trails, chartered boats available.
Location: Katmai is 250 air miles southwest of Anchorage. Travel from King Salmon to Brooks River is by amphibious bush aircraft.
Accommodations: Modern facilities at Brooks River Lodge and Lake Grosvenor. Write to the lodges at the park address.

Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park
Box 517, Skagway, AK 99840

Combining the historic district of downtown Skagway and the old Trail of '98 from Skagway to the Chilkoot and White Passes, the park reflects an atmosphere of the old-time gold rush era. This unit complements the Visitor Center in Seattle's Pioneer Square, where gold seekers took off for the Klondike. Exhibit, museum, self-guiding tour/trail, picnic area, camping. hiking.
Location: Skagway, Alaska. Chilkoot Trail begins 12 miles west of Skagway at the ghost town of Dyea and ends at Bennett. Accessible by boat. plane. or highway.
Accommodations: Food and lodging in Skagway. Campgrounds at Skagway and Dyea.

Sitka National Historical Park
Box 738, Sitka, AK 99835
(907) 747-6281

Battleground where Russian supremacy over Tlingit Indians was achieved in 1804. Site of Russian fort, totem poles, and other artifacts. Visitor center, self-guiding trails, native crafts workshops, museum exhibits, totem poles, picnic area. Location Located on Baranof Island in southeastern Alaska, the park may be reached by scheduled airlines from Seattle, Juneau, and Anchorage. Sitka is a port of call on the Alaska Marine Highway System.
Accommodations: The park is within walking distance of downtown Sitka's hotel accommodations and meals.

New Alaska Parklands

Ten other lesser-known parks in Alaska were authorized in their present forms by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act of 1980. These parks have almost no federal facilities and usually no accommodations other than primitive camping. Some can be visited by automobile, bus, or railway; others can be reached only by air.
These parks reward those who can visit them with some of Earth's most magnificent scenery. All exceed one-half million acres in size: Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve encompasses more than 13 million acres. They provide habitat for a marvelous assortment of wildlife. Subsistence hunting is permitted in some of these national parks. Both subsistence and sport hunting are permitted in the national preserves.

Brief descriptions of these 10 areas follow.

Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve
Box 7, King Salmon, AK 99613
(907) 246-3305

Aniakchak Caldera covers some 30 square miles in the volcanically active Aleutian Mountains. Aniakchak last erupted in 1931. Surprise Lake's waters cascade through the crater wall to form Aniakchak Wild River.
Access: Scheduled, then chartered airplane or floatplane.

Bering Land Bridge National Preserve
Box 220, Nome, AK 99762
(907) 443-2522

The preserve, on northwest Alaska's Seward Peninsula, is a remnant of the land bridge that connected Asia and North America some 13,000 years ago. Archeological resources abound, and large populations of migratory birds nest here.
Access: Scheduled, then chartered aircraft.

Cape Krusenstern National Monument
Box 1029, Kotzebue, AK 99752
(907) 442-3760

Archeological sites dating back some 4,000 years along 114 successive lateral beach ridges illustrate Eskimo communities of all known cultural periods in Alaska.
Access: Scheduled aircraft, then chartered aircraft and boats.

Gates of the Arctic
National Park and Preserve
Box 74680, Fairbanks, AK 99707

Jagged peaks, gentle arctic valleys, and numerous lakes characterize this park and preserve north of the Arctic Circle. Includes part of the Central Brooks Range, the northernmost extension of the Rocky Mountains. Contains all or part of several wild rivers: Alatna, John, Kobuk, Tinayguk, Noatak, and North Fork of the Koyukuk.
Access: Scheduled, then chartered aircraft.

Kenai Fjords National Park
Box 1727, Seward, AK 99664
(907) 224-3175

The park is 10 miles from Seward. Contains one of the nation's four major ice caps -- 700 square-mile Harding Ice Field -- coastal fjords, islands, and rich, varied rain forest. Home to sea lions, sea otters, and seals. Breeding grounds for tens of thousands of birds.
Access: By air or highway, charter boat or aircraft.

Kobuk Valley National Park
Box 1029, Kotzebue, AK 99752
(907) 442-3890

The park embraces the Kobuk River's central valley, north of the Arctic Circle. Wildlife includes brown and black bears, wolf, fox, and migrating caribou. The 25-square-mile Great Kobuk Sand Dunes rise above surrounding terrain. Contains Salmon Wild River.
Access: Scheduled aircraft, then chartered aircraft or boats.

Lake Clark National Park and Preserve
4230 University Drive, Suite 311
Anchorage, AK 99508
(907) 781-2218

Jagged peaks, granite spires, two active volcanoes and the 50-mile-long lake set in the Chigmit Mountains along Cook Inlet's western shore. The lake, fed by hundreds of waterfalls, provides important red salmon spawning ground. Contains Chilikadrotna, Mulchatna, and Tlikakila Wild Rivers.
Access: Chartered aircraft.

Noatak National Preserve
Box 1029, Kotzebue, AK 99752
(907) 442-3760

Protects the nation's largest untouched river basin and part of Noatak Wild River, with its 65-mile-long Grand Canyon. A transition zone and migration route for plants and animals between arctic and sub-arctic environments. Contains hundreds of archeological sites and bounteous wildlife populations.
Access: Scheduled, then chartered aircraft.

Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve
Box 29, Glennallen, AK 99588
(907) 822-5234

Chugach, Wrangell, and St. Elias Mountains converge here. This largest National Park System area adjoins Canada's Kluane National Park. Mountains, valleys, and river basins feature abundant wildlife.
Access: By highway, then 4-wheel-drive vehicle or chartered aircraft.

Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve
Box 167, Eagle, AK 99738
(907) 547-2233

Contains 115 miles of the historic Yukon River, and the entire 88-mile Charley River basin. The Charley boasts outstanding whitewater. Old cabins and relics recall the 1898 gold rush. Falcons nest in high bluffs.
Access: Highway or scheduled aircraft, then chartered aircraft or boat.


Canyon de Chelly National Monument
Box 588, Chinle, AZ 86503
(520) 674-5436

Ruins of Indian villages built between A.D. 350 and 1300 at the base of sheer red cliffs and in caves in canyon walls. Modern Navajo Indian homes and farms. Picnicking, campgrounds, scenic drive, ruins, pictographs, hiking on White House ruin, guided tours, museum.
Location: From Gallup, N. Mex., northwest on U.S. 666 to N. Mex. 264 to U.S. 191 to Chinle.
Accommodations: Meals, lodging, and jeep tours at Thunderbird Lodge at monument. Write to lodge at Box 548, Chinle, AZ 86503 for reservations.

Casa Grande National Monument
Box 518, Coolidge, AZ 85228
(520) 723-3172

Ruins of massive four-story building constructed of high-lime desert soil by Indians who farmed the Gila Valley 600 years ago. Day use area only. High summer temperatures. Visitor center. museum, guided tours, self-guiding trail, picnicking, private campground nearby.
Location: Within the town of Coolidge, on Highway 87, halfway between Phoenix and Tucson.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Coolidge and city of Casa Grande.

Chiricahua National Monument
Dos Cabezas Box 6500, Willcox, AZ 85643
(520) 824-3560

Varied rock formations created millions of years ago by volcanic activity. Chiricahua Mountains rise steeply from the desert like a forested island. Trails provide views of all park features. Visitor center, campgrounds, scenic drive. hiking, self-guiding trails, picnicking.
Location: 36 miles southeast of Willcox, Ariz., off Rt. 186.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging and commercial campground in Willcox. Small camping area in monument's Bonita Canyon.

Coronado National Memorial
4101 East Montezuma Canyon Road, Hereford, AZ 85615
(520) 366-5515

Commemorates first European exploration of Southwest, by Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, 154042. View of part of route Coronado expedition used to enter present United States from Mexico. High summer temperatures. Hiking, exhibits, trails, picnicking, visitor center.
Location: 22 miles south of Sierra Vista, Ariz., and 30 miles southwest of Bisbee, Ariz., off Route 92.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging at Sierra Vista and Bisbee. Camping 18 miles west at Forest Service campgrounds at Parker Lake.

Fort Bowie National Historic Site
P.O. Box 158, Bowie, AZ 85605
(520) 847-2500

Ruins of fort established 1862. Focal point of military operations against Geronimo and his band of Apaches. A walk-in and day use area only. Rugged 1.5-mile sand and gravel trail leads from parking lot to the site. Picnic tables at the site. Ruins of fort, small museum, hiking.
Location: From Willcox on Interstate 10, drive 12 miles south on State Route 186 to graded road leading east to Apache Pass. Or from Bowie on Interstate 10, drive 12 miles south on a graded dirt road and bear west into Apache Pass.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging at Bowie or Willcox. National Park Service campground 25 miles southwest at Chiricahua National Monument.

Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site
Box 150, Ganado, AZ 86505
(520) 755-3475

Still-active trading post illustrates the influence of reservation traders on the Indian way of life. Indian crafts for sale, self-guiding trail, interpretive programs, weaving demonstrations.
Location: On Navajo' Indian Reservation, one mile west of Ganado, and 55 miles from Gallup. N. Mex.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging at Window Rock, Ariz., 30 miles from Hubbell, off Ariz. 264. College of Ganado (limited motel units). Three Mission Restaurant.

Navajo National Monument
H.C. 71, Box 3, Tonalea, AZ 86044
(520) 672-2366

Two of the most elaborate and best-preserved cliff dwellings in the Southwest: Betatakin, 135 rooms, and Keel Seel, 157 rooms. Both occupied during late 13th century by Pueblo peoples. Daily guided tours into the canyon/ prehistoric sites late spring through early fall. Limited to 20 people per tour. Self-guiding overlook trail, picnicking, camping, visitor center, exhibits, museum, campfire programs in summer, Navajo art and crafts shops.
Location: Twenty miles northwest from Kayenta on Highway 160, turn north on Highway 564 for ten miles. Highway 564 ends at park boundary: not a through highway to Page.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Kayenta.

Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument
Route 1, Box 100, Ajo, AZ 85321
(520) 387-6849

Named for cactus species rare in the United States. Protects desert plants, animals, and natural features in segment of the Sonoran Desert, which stretches from northwestern Mexico to southeastern California. Contains traces of the historic trail, Camino del Diablo. Visitor center, interpretive programs, scenic drives and hikes. This area visited mostly during winter months when climate is more temperate.
Location: At junction of Interstates 8 and 80, take State Route 85 south. Headquarters is 40 miles south of town of Ajo. From Tucson, take State Route 86 west to Route 85. Headquarters is 12 miles south of this junction.
Accommodations: Campground 1.5 miles south of visitor center. Some accommodations in Lukeville and in Sonoita, Mexico. Accommodations in Ajo, 40 miles north.

Pipe Spring National Monument
Moccasin, AZ 86022
(520) 643-7105

Historic fort and other structures built by Mormon pioneers. Homes, bunkhouses, work sheds, and corrals typical of 19th-century ranches. Tour of fort and grounds, picnicking. Location Fifteen miles southwest of Fredonia, Ariz. Reached from Alt. U.S. 89 via Ariz. 389. From 1-15, Utah 9 and 17 connect with Utah 59 at Hurricane, Utah. Paved road leads to the monument from there.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Fredonia and Hurricane.

Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument
Route 3, Box 149, Flagstaff, AZ 86004
(520) 527-7042

1,000-foot volcanic cinder cone. Formed A.D. 1064-1065. with lava flows and related igneous features. Cinders of Summit Crater give illusion of perpetual sunset. Volcanic crater, visitor center, self-guiding nature trail. Connected to Wupatki National Monument by paved road through Coconino National Forest. Forest Service campground across from visitor center.
Location: From Flagstaff, take U.S. 89 north about 16 miles to monument entrance.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Flagstaff.

Tonto National Monument
Box 707, Roosevelt, AZ 85545
(520) 467-2241

Well-preserved cliff dwelling occupied in 13th and 14th centuries by Solado Indians farming Salt River Valley. Most visitors come in winter. when climate is more temperate. The monument lies above 4,000 feet, however, and receives some summer breezes. Visitor center. Indian ruins, exhibits, self-guiding trails, picnic areas, camping in nearby Tonto National Forest. Day use area only.
Location: From Phoenix, take U.S. 60-70 to Apache Junction, take State Route 88 northeast to Roosevelt. Monument turnoff is 2 miles southeast, in Roosevelt.
Accommodations: Meals in Roosevelt. Meals and lodging 25 miles southeast at Globe.

Tumacacori National Historical Park
Box 67, Tumacacori, AZ 85640
(520) 398-2341

Ruins of 19th-century Spanish colonial mission community. Day use area only. Visitor center. self-guiding trails. ruins, museum. weekend craft demonstrations, picnicking. Favorable weather throughout the winter.
Location: Exit 29 on Interstate 19, 19 miles north of Nogales and 45 miles south of Tucson.
Accommodations: Meals available in nearby restaurants. Meals and lodging at Nogales, Rio Rico (8 miles), and Tucson. Forest Service campground at Pena Blanca Lake, 21 miles south and west of the monument.

Tuzigoot National Monument
Box 68, Clarkdale, AZ 86324
(520) 634-5564

Excavated ruins of large Indian pueblo that flourished in the Verde Valley between 1000 and 1400 A.D. Day use area only. Visitor center, ruins, Indian exhibits.
Location: 48 miles southwest of Flagstaff, off U.S. 89A.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Clarkdale and Cottonwood, 2 miles from the monument.

Walnut Canyon National Monument
Walnut Canyon Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86004
(520) 526-3367

Cliff dwellings in shallow caves under limestone ledges. Built by Pueblo Indians about 800 years ago. Access to cliff dwellings is a steep set of rugged steps. It is a hardy walk. Day use area only. Visitor center, cliff dwellings, self-guiding trail, picnic area.
Location: Off U.S. 66, Interstate 40, 12 miles east of Flagstaff.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Flagstaff.

Wupatki National Monument
HC33, Box 444A, Flagstaff, AZ 86001
(520) 556-7040

Ruins of masonry pueblos built by Sinagua and Anasazi Indian farmers between A.D. 100 and 1225. Part of complex prehistoric story of struggle for survival in a harsh climate. Visitor center, ruins, self-guiding trails, picnic area. Connected to Sunset Crater National Monument by paved road leading from Coconino National Forest. Forest Service campground 18 miles south. across from Sunset Crater visitor center.
Location: Off U.S. 89, 30 miles north of Flagstaff.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Flagstaff.


Arkansas Post National Memorial
Route 1, Box 16, Gillett, AR 72055
(501) 548-2207

Exhibits, visitor center, audiovisual program, historic walking tour, wildlife sanctuary, fishing, picnicking.
Location: Arkansas Post is on Ark. 169, 7 miles south of Gillett via U.S. 165, and about 20 miles northeast of Dumas via U.S. 165.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Gillett and Dumas.

Fort Smith National Historic Site
Box 1406, Fort Smith, AR 72902
(501) 783-3961

One of the first U.S. military posts in the Louisiana Territory. From 1817 to 1896, a center of authority for the untamed region to the west. Visitor center, self-guiding tour of fort, commercial campground nearby. Group tours can be arranged.
Location: Downtown Fort Smith, on Rogers Avenue, between Second and Third Streets.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Fort Smith.

Pea Ridge National Military Park
Pea Ridge, AR 72751
(501) 451-8122

Scene of major Civil War engagement west of the Mississippi, on March 7-8, 1862. Selfguiding auto tour of battlefield, visitor center, museum exhibits, picnic area, commercial campground one mile away, Army Corps of Engineers campground within 10 miles. Guided group tours can be arranged.
Location: 98 miles north of Fort Smith on U.S. 62.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging at Rogers, Ark., 10 miles southwest.


Channel Islands National Park
1901 Spinnaker Dr Ventura, CA 93001-4354

Five Islands and some 125,000 acres of submerged lands surrounding them provide habitat for wildlife ranging from microscopic plankton to nesting birds to the worlds largest creature, the blue whale.
Location: Off the southern California coast. Islands can be reached by commercial or private boat, or private aircraft. Special permits may be required for landing or docking.

Devils Postpile National Monument
P.O box 501 Mammoth Lakes, CA 93546

Hot lava cooled and cracked 900,000 years ago to form basalt columns 40 to 60 feet high. These resemble a giant pipe organ. Crossed by the John Muir Trail between Yosemite and Kings Canyon National Parks. Monument created from Inyo National Forest lands. Hiking, fishing, camping, horseback riding, picnicking, interpretive talks, small visitor center.
Location: Reached by a 16-mile drive from U.S. 395. Shuttle bus operates from Minaret Summit to the monument in summer (nominal fee).
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Mammoth Lakes, 13 miles, or Reds Meadow, 4 miles.

Eugene O'Neil National Historic Site
P.O. Box 280 Danville, CA 94526-0280
(510) 838-0249

America's most important playwrite lived here at Tao House from 1937-44. Several of his best plays were written here.
Location: Eastern San Francisco Bay Area. Call in Advance to arrange transportation to park from Danville.

John Muir National Historic Site
4202 Alhambra Avenue, Martinez, CA 94553
(510) 228-8860

John Muir House and adjacent Martinez Adobe commemorate Muir's contribution to conservation and literature. Guided house tours. audiovisual shows, lectures, picnicking. This is a day use area.
Location: Martinez, California, San Francisco Bay Area.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Martinez.

Lava Beds National Monument
Box 867, Tulelake, CA 96134
(916) 667-2282

Unusual exhibits of volcanic activity, grassland, chaparral, and pine forest communities. Principal theater of Modoc Indian War, 1872-73. Abuts Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge on north. Scenic Medicine Lake country nearby. Visitor center, hiking, exhibits, museum, nature trails, picnic area, campgrounds (May 1 - October 1), cave explorations, summer interpretive programs. No concessioners. Bring film.
Location: 30 miles south of Tulelake and 60 miles south of Klamath Falls, Oregon, off California Route 139.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Tulelake.

Pinnacles National Monument
Pinnacles National Monument
Paicines, CA 95043
(408) 389-4485

Spire-like rock formations, 500 to 1,200 feet high, with caves and volcanic features. Exemplary Coast Range chaparral. Many colorful wildflowers in spring. Camping, picnicking, visitor center, interpretive talks, hiking and nature trails. Note: Caves may be closed temporarily.
Location: East entrance 35 miles south of Hollister on Calif. Route 146. West entrance 11 miles east of Soledad on Calif. Route 146. State route is not a trans-park road. Rugged Gabilan Mountain Range forms principal park features and bisects road.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Hollister on east, and King City, 30 miles southwest. Commercial campground on the east; short walk into National Park Service campground on the west.


Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site
35110 Highway 194 East
La Junta, CO 81050-9523
(719) 384-2596

Principal outpost of Anglo-American presence on the Southern Plains. A trading center for Indians and a significant fur-trading post on the Santa Fe Trail. Reconstructed adobe fort with rooms furnished in period style, self-guiding tour of the fort, archeological collection, living history interpretation, annual rendezvous re-enactment.
Location: 8 miles east of La Junta and 15 miles west of Las Animas, Colo., on Colo. 194. La Junta served by Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad. 68 miles east of Pueblo.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in La Junta and Los Animas, Colo.

Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Monument
Box 1648, Montrose, CO 81402
(970) 249-7036

Sheer-walled canyon. Shadowed depths accentuate darkness of ancient rocks of obscure origin. Camping, fishing, hiking, nature trail, scenic overlooks.

Location: 15 miles from Montrose, Colo., on Colo. 347.

Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Montrose.

Colorado National Monument
Fruita, CO 81521
(907) 858-3617

Deep canyons, towering monoliths, strange rock formations, dinosaur fossils, and remains of a prehistoric Indian culture grace colorful sandstone country. Visitor center. camping, hiking, climbing, scenic overlooks.
Location: The monument is 4 miles west of Grand Junction and 31/2 miles south of Fruita, Colo. on Colo. 340.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Grand Junction and Fruita, Colo.

Dinosaur National Monument
Box 210, Dinosaur, CO 81610
(970) 374-3000

Spectacular canyons cut by Green and Yampa Rivers through upfolded mountains. Quarry contains fossil remains of dinosaurs and other ancient animals. Camping, visitor centers, fishing, backcountry camping, hiking, boat trips, campfire programs, exhibits, worldfamous display of dinosaur fossils in quarry visitor center.
Location: On Colorado-Utah border 20 miles north of Dinosaur, Colo. All dinosaur fossils and all improved campgrounds are in quarry area 7 miles north of Jensen, Utah.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Vernal, Utah, 14 miles.

Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument
Box 185, Florissant, CO 80816
(719) 748-3253

Treasure of paleontological history preserved by volcanic ash. Among world's richest plant and insect fossils groupings. Also bird and mammal fossils. Nature trail, view of Pike's Peak golden eagles nest in western part old gold mining town of Cripple Creek to the south, self-guiding trails around fossil beds.
Location: The monument is 35 miles southwest of Colorado Springs, Colo., via U.S. 24.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Colorado Springs and Woodland Park.

Great Sand Dunes National Monument
Mosca, CO 81146
(719) 378-2312

Among nation's largest and highest dunes. Deposited over thousands of years by southwesterly winds blowing through passes of lofty Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Visitor center, exhibits, hiking on the dunes, picnicking. camping, campfire programs in summer, naturalist walks, self-guiding trail.
Location: Follow U.S. 160 east from Alamosa, Colo.. to Colo. 150 and the monument.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Alamosa.

Hovenweep National Monument
McElmo Route, Cortez, CO 81321
(970) 529-4465 (Cellular: 970-749-0510)

Six groups of towers, pueblos. and cliff dwellings built by pre-Columbian Indians. Two groups in Utah, four in Colorado. Camping, hiking, Indian ruins.
Location: 45 miles from Cortez, Colo., on Utah-Colorado border. Dirt roads sometimes impassable in bad weather; check locally.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Blanding and Bluff in Utah; in Cortez in Colorado.


Weir Farm National Historic Site
735 Nod Hill Road, Wilton CT, 06897-1309
(203) 834-1896

Summer home and workplace of American Impressionist painter J. Alden Weir (1852-1919), this has been an arts center for more than 100 years.
Location: Southwestern Connecticut. From U.S. 7 between Norwalk and Danbury, take Conn. 102 to Old Branchville Road to Nod Hill Road.

District of Columbia

Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
1411 W Street, S.E.
Washington, DC 22020
(202) 426-5961

Cedar Hill, restored home of Frederick Douglass, outstanding 19th-century American black. Remarkable orator and writer, noted abolitionist and antislavery editor. Visitor center, exhibits, audiovisual program, restored home and furnishings, guided home tours.
Location: Washington, D.C., 14th and W Streets, S.E.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in D.C. area.

Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site
1318 Vermont Ave,NW, Washington, D.C. 20005
(202) 332-1233

Headquarters of the National Council of Negro Women, this site commemorates Bethune's leadership in the black women's rights movement from 1943 to 1949.

Theodore Roosevelt Island
c/o George Washington Memorial Parkway
Turkey Run Park, McLean, Virginia 22101
(703) 285-2598

88-acre wilderness preserve memorializes President Theodore Roosevelt's contributions to conservation. Tours, interpretive programs, formal memorial with statue, self-guiding trails, aquatic life, bird and animal refuge.
Location: In Potomac River in Washington, D.C. Reach parking area from northbound lanes of George Washington Memorial Parkway on Potomac's Virginia side. Footbridge connects island to Virginia shore.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Washington. D.C. and northern Virginia.


Big Cypress National Preserve
H.C.R. 61, Box 110, Ochopee, FL 33943-9710
(813) 695-4111

Characterized by stands of cypress trees, wetgrass prairies, marshes, estuarine mangroves, and threatened species such as the Florida panther, this preserve protects critical watershed area for the threatened ecosystems of south Florida.
Location: South Florida, just north of Everglades National Park. Off U.S. 41, 60 miles from either Naples or Miami.

Biscayne National Park
Box 1369, Homestead, FL 33090-1369
(305) 247-7275

On Florida's southern Atlantic coast, park embraces 175,000 acres, mostly water and living coral reefs. Contains well-sheltered section of Biscayne Bay, about 45 low islands, called "keys," and about 20 miles of mainland mangrove shoreline. Available by private boat or concessioner-operated tour boat: swimming, snorkeling, fishing, camping, picnicking, and hiking on nature trails. (Picnicking, fishing, interpretive activities on mainland.)
Location: Park headquarters at Convoy Point, 9 miles east of Homestead, on S.W. 328 Street.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Homestead.

DeSoto National Memorial
P.O. Box 15390
Bradenton, FL 34280-5390
(813) 792-0458

Commemorates 16th-century Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. Led first extensive exploration by Europeans of present southern United States (1539-1542). Visitor center, exhibits, audiovisual program, nature trail, living history program (December-April). Lowest visitation in summer.
Location: On Tampa Bay 5 miles west of Bradenton: 40 miles south of Tampa, off State Route 64.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Bradenton.

Dry Tortugas National Park
P.O. Box 6208, Key West, FL 33041-6208
(305) 242-7700

These seven coral reefs are noted for marine life and several species of nesting birds. Fort Jefferson, begun in 1846 to help control the Florida Straits, served as a Civil War military prision and held four of the Lincoln Conspirators.
Location: Gulf of Mexico, 68 mile west of Key West. The islands can be reached by boat pr seaplane from the Key West area.

Fort Caroline National Memorial
12713 Fort Caroline Road
Jacksonville, FL 32225
(904) 641-7155

Overlooks site of French Huguenot Colony of 1564-65, second French attempt at settlement within present United States. Here. French and Spaniards began two centuries of European colonial rivalry in North America. Scale replica of fort, museum, self-guiding trail.
Location: East of downtown Jacksonville, via Fla. 10.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Jacksonville.

Fort Jefferson National Monument
c/o Everglades National Park
P.O. Box 279, Homestead, FL 33030
(305) 247-6211

Largest of a ring of masonry coastal defense forts built in 19th century. Stands on an island in the Gulf of Mexico's Dry Tortugas group, named to warn mariners of no fresh water. During and after Civil War, fort used as federal military prison. Bird refuge, coral formations, marine life, underwater nature trail, camping, fishing. picnicking, self-guiding tour of fort.
Location: 68 miles west of Key West. Accessible only by boat or air taxi from Key West area.
Accommodations: No housing, water, meals, or supplies.

Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve
13165 Mt. Pleasant Rd, Jacksonville, Florida 32225-1227
(904) 641-7155

Named for the Indians who lived here for more than 3,000 years, the preserve encompasses Atlantic coastal marshes, islands, tidal creeks, and the estuaries of the St. Johns and Nassau rivers. Besides traces of Indian life, the site preserves the remains of European colonial ventures as well as 18th- and 19th-century American settlements.
Location: Northeast Florida. From Jacksonville, take Fla. 105 east.


Andersonville National Historic Site
Route 1, Box 85, Andersonville, GA 31711
(912) 924-0343

Confederate prisoner-of-war camp. Commemorates sacrifices borne by American prisoners, not only in the Civil War. but also in all wars. Includes Andersonville National Cemetery. Information station, POW exhibit building. self-guiding tour of prison site. picnicking, summer programs include interpretive talks, walks, and torchlight tours.
Location: 9 miles northeast of Americus.
Accommodations: Meals available in Andersonville: lodging in Americus and Montezuma.

Cumberland Island National Seashore
P.O. Box 806, St. Marys, GA 31558-0806
(912) 882-4335

Unspoiled beaches and dunes, maritime forests, salt marshes, freshwater lakes, and the remains of centuries of human habitation characterize the largest of Georgia's Atlantic barrier islands.
Location: Main visitor center is of Ga. 40 in St. Marys. The island can be reached by boat or ferry.

Fort Frederica National Monument
Route 9, Box 286-C
St. Simons Island, GA 31522
(912) 638-3639

Built by Gen. James E. Oglethorpe during Anglo-Spanish struggle for present southeastern United States. Visitor center, museum exhibits, interpretive and audiovisual programs, self-guiding tour of townsite and fort.
Location: On St. Simons Island, 12 miles from Brunswick, Ga. Can be reached via Brunswick-St. Simons toll causeway.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Brunswick and on St. Simons Island. No picnic facilities at monument: picnic areas on St. Simons Island in Brunswick and Jekyll Island State Park.

Fort Pulaski National Monument
P.O. Box 30757, Savannah, GA 31410
(912) 786-5787

Early 19th-century fort, whose bombardment by federal rifled cannon in 1862 first demonstrated the ineffectiveness of old-style masonry fortifications. Visitor center, museum exhibits, interpretive programs and displays, self-guiding tour, hiking, picnicking, fishing. Boat ramp and private campground nearby.
Location: 13 miles east of Savannah, Ga., off U.S. 80.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Savannah area.

Jimmy Carter National Historic Site
P.O> Box 392, Plains, GA 31780-0392
(912) 824-3413

Jimmy Carter's boyhood home, school, church, and current residence are preserved, along with much of the small town and rural landscape that has provided the setting for the President's life and early political career.
Location: Southwest Georgia. From Americus, take U.S. 280 west to plains.

Ocmulgee National Monument
1207 Emery Highway, Macon, GA 31201
(912) 752-8257

10,000 years of American Indian heritage preserved here include platform mounds and ceremonial earthlodge abandoned about 1100 A.D. These Indians were an outpost of the Mississippian culture. Visitor center with archeological exhibits, guided tours, self-guiding trail. Summer program includes Indian handicraft demonstrations.
Location: On east edge of Macon, Ga., off Interstate 16.
Accommodations: Meals, lodging, and campgrounds in Macon.


War in the Pacific National Historical Park
Box FA, Agana, Guam 96910

Interprets events in the Pacific theater of World War II. Includes major historic sites associated with 1944 battle for Guam. Exemplifies island-hopping military campaign against the Japanese. Stell Newman Visitor Center, small museum, major invasion beaches.
Location: Agana Harbor area.
Accommodations: Resort hotels within 5 miles. Tamuning Bay area.


Kalaupapa National Historical Park
P.O. Box 222, Kalaupapa, HI 96742-2222
(808) 567-6102

The isolated Moloka'i Island Hansen's Disease (leprosy) settlement was founded here in 1866 and operated until 1969. The park also includes areas relating to early Hawaiian life.
Location: North shore of Moloka'i Island. Park is reached by charter flights, or by a steep trail from the cliff. Visitor require State of Hawaii permits.

Kaloko-Honokohau National Historic Park
73-4786 Kanalani St N-14, Kailua-Kona, HI 96740-2608
(808) 329-6881

Many aspects of early Hawaiian life are preserved here at the site of an important early native settlement, including houses, ceremonial structures, ancient trails, burial grounds, agricultural fields, and fishponds.
Location: From Keahole Airport in Kona, take Hawaii 19 south for 6 miles.

Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site
P.O. Box 44340 Kawaihae, HI 96743-4340
(808) 882-7218

A defense fortification and place of worship, during Kamehameha's rise to power in the early 1790's.
Location: From Kawaihea, take Hawaii 270 south 1 mile.


City of Rocks National Reserve
P.O. Box 169, Almo, ID 83312-0169
(208) 824-5519

Granite spires and sculptured rock formations up to hundreds of feet high dominate this landscape. Remnants of the California Trail are still visible.
Location: Southern Idaho. From Almo, take country raod south for 2 miles.

Craters of the Moon National Monument
Box 29, Arco, ID 83213
(208) 527-3257

Fissure eruptions, volcanic cones, craters, lava flows, caves, and other volcanic phenomena. Douglas-fir, limber pine, and sagebrush-grassland communities. Visitor center, picnicking, self-guiding trails, nature trail, naturalist activities. Museum depicts volcanic formations, plants, animals, and history of the park.
Location: The monument is 18 miles southwest of Arco, on U.S. 20, 26, and 93.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging available in Arco.

Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument
P.O. Box 570, Hagerman, ID 83332-0570
(208) 837-4739

Fossils embedded in sediment have been exposed on the banks on the Snake River by the carving action of flowing water.
Location: Southern Idaho. Visitor center is in downtown Hagerman at 221 N.State St. (U.S.30).

Nez Perce National Historical Park
Box 93, Spalding, ID 83551-0093
(208) 843-2261

Comprises 24 historic sites spread over North Central Idaho. 20 are managed cooperatively with federal, tribal, state, and private agencies. Some sites relate to westward expansion, settlement, and the 1877 War. Others relate to Nez Perce religion and legends. Scenic views, natural formations, historic buildings, visitor center/museum with exhibits and movie, self-guiding facilities, and picnicking.
Location: Park headquarters at Spalding, 11 miles east of Lewiston, on U.S. 95. Personal services at Kamiah Site in summer only.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Lewiston and other communities.


George Rogers Clark National Historical Park
401 South Second Street
Vincennes, IN 47591
(812) 882-1776

Classic memorial stands on site of Fort Sackville, which frontier army under Clark captured from British in 1779. This won Old Northwest for the United States. Marble rotunda contains 7 large murals. Visitor center, movie version of Clark's campaign, landscaped grounds, view of the natural Wabash River, statues and markers. No camping or picnicking in the park, but facilities are available nearby.
Location: Vincennes, at junction of U.S. Highways 50 and 41, southwestern Indiana.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Vincennes.

Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial
P.O. Box 1816, Lincoln City, IN 47552-1816
(812) 937-4541

Abraham Lincoln lived on this southern Indiana farm from age 7 to 21. His mother, Nancy Hanks Lincoln, is buired here.
LocationFrom I-64, take U.S. 231 south for 6 miles, then take Ind. 162 east for 2 miles.


Effigy Mounds National Monument
R.R. 1, Box 25A, Harpers Ferry, IA 52146
(319) 873-3491

Outstanding examples of Indian burial mounds in shapes of birds and other creatures. Visitor center, museum exhibits, audiovisual presentation, self-guiding trail, scenic views along 300-foot high bluff, trailside exhibits, hiking, guided group tours. State campgrounds and picnic areas nearby.
Location: 4 miles north of McGregor and Marquette, Iowa, on Highway 76.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in McGregor.

Herbert Hoover National Historic Site
P.O. Box 607, West Brach, IA 52358-0607
(319) 643-2541

Herbert Hoover's birthplace cottage, the Friends Meetinghouse and other structures from his boyhood neighborhood (1874-85), the gravesites of Prasident Hoover, and Mrs. Hoover, and the Hoover Presidential Library and Museum are within the park.
Location: From I-80, take Exit 254; follow signs to park entrance.


Fort Larned National Historic Site
Route # 3, Larned, KS 67550
(316) 285-6911

Fort protected traffic on Santa Fe Trail from 1859 to 1878. Key military post in Indian War of 1868-69. Served as Indian agency in 1860s. Nine historic military buildings: 5 have exhibits and furnished rooms open to public. Visitor center, audiovisual program, exhibits, history/nature trail, picnic area. Guided tours daily and living history programs on weekends in summer.
Location: 7 miles west of Larned, Kans., on U.S. 156.
Accommodations: Meals, lodging, and campgrounds in Larned and Great Bend, Kans.

Fort Scott National Historic Site
Old Fort Boulevard, Fort Scott, KS 66701
(316) 223-0310

Army Post (1842-1853) guarded the permanent Indian frontier. Dispatched troops on expeditions to explore the West, protect Santa Fe Trail traffic, and fight in Mexican War. Served as Union supply base during Civil War (1861-1865). Twenty-one historic military buildings, 13 furnished and open to public. Visitor center, audiovisual program and exhibits, guided tours, living history demonstrations, interpretive programs and special events as scheduled. Small picnic area on site and private campgrounds nearby.
Location: 90 miles south of Kansas City, on north edge of town of Fort Scott.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Fort Scott.


Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site
2995 Lincoln Farm Road
Hodgenville, KY 42748
(502) 358-3137

Early Kentucky cabin symbolizes that in which Lincoln was born. Enclosed in granite and marble building on birthplace site. Visitor center, audiovisual program, exhibits, memorial building, picnic area, camping facilities nearby.
Location: 3 miles south of Hodgenville, Ky., on U.S. 31E-Ky. 61.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Hodgenville.

Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area

A scenic portion of the Cumberland Plateau on the Kentucky-Tennessee border. See listing under Tennessee.

Cumberland Gap National Historical Park
Box 1848, Middlesboro, KY 40965
(606) 248-2817

Mountain pass of the Wilderness Road, explored by Daniel Boone. Main artery of the great trans-Allegheny migration for settlement of the Old West. Important military objective in Civil War. Visitor center, museum, scenic overlooks, Wilderness Road. self-guiding trails. campground, picnic area. hiking trails, privately-operated Cudjo Cave, restored Hensley settlement, peak where Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia meet.
Location: Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee. Visitor center on U.S. 25E, one mile southeast of Middlesboro. K y.
Accommodations Meals and lodging in Middlesboro and Cumberland Gap, Ky.


Antietam National Battlefield
Box 158, Sharpsburg, MD 21782

Scene of bloodiest single-day fight in the battle that ended Gen. Robert E. Lee's first invasion of North in 1862. Visitor center, exhibits, orientation movie, slide program, driving tour of battlefield, National Cemetery, fishing in Antietam Creek.
Location: From Sharpsburg, Md., northeast along Md. 34 and Md. 65.
Accommodations Meals and lodging in Hagerstown, 14 miles north.

Clara Barton National Historic Site
5801 Oxford Road, Glen Echo, MD 20812
(301) 492-6245

Built in 1891, this 38-room home of American Red Cross founder was organization's headquarters for 7 years. A living history area. Restored home and furnishings, guided home tours, reservations can be made.
Location: Glen Echo, Md., 5801 Oxford Road, adjacent to Glen Echo Park.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Greater Washington, D.C. area. Glen Echo, Md. is 8 miles from downtown Washington.

Fort Washington Park
Mailing Address: c/o National Capital Parks-East
1900 Anaeostia Drive, S.E.
Washington, D C 20020
(301) 763-4600

On Maryland side of Potomac River, Fort Washington exemplifies early 19th-century coastal defense. Occupies site of earliest fortification erected for defense of National Capital. Altered only slightly since 1824. Fort, park with picnic sites, museum, demonstration of the heavy artillery uniform of the 1860s, with a firing of muskets, artillery demonstrations.
Location: Fort Washington Road, Oxon Hill, Md., suburb of Washington, D.C.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Washington area.

Hampton National Historic Site
535 Hampton Lane, Towson, MD 21204
(410) 962-0688

Includes one of the largest and most ornate mansions of post-Revolutionary period (1790), with complex of historic outbuildings, English formal gardens, and specimen trees. Guided house tours, summer grounds and garden tours, exhibits, seasonal programs.
Location: Take Interstate 695 (Baltimore Beltway) to exit 27 North, and follow directional signs.
Accommodations: Tearoom on site serves luncheon. Other meals and lodging nearby in Towson.

Monocacy National Battlefield
4801 Urbana Pike, Fredrick, MD 21701-7307
(301) 622-3515

Here on July 9, 1864, confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early defeated Federal forces commanded by Brig. Gen.Lew Wallace. The battle delayed Early, allowing Union troops to marshal a succesful defense of Washington, D.C.
Location:Washington, D.C. area. From I-95/495, take I-270, then take exit 26 at Urbana. Follow Rte. 80 east to a stop sign. Turn left onto Rte. 355 north. Proceed 3.7 to the Battlefield on right.

Piscataway Park
c/o National Capital Parks-East 1900 Anacostia Drive, S.E.
Washington, DC 20020
(301) 763-4600

Preserves the tranquil view of the Potomac River's Maryland shore, as seen from Mount Vernon. National Colonial Farm, an agricultural-historical project of Accokeek Foundation, provides an exhibit and demonstration of agricultural methods, crops, and livestock of a modest tidewater farm of the mid-18th century. Farm animals, woodland foot trail, picnic facilities in Saylot Memorial Grove, fishing pier, visitor center.
Location: Park is accessible from the Capital Beltway (Interstate 495) exit 3-A. Go south on Indian Head Highway (Route 210) for 10 miles to Bryan Point Road, then west 4 miles to Potomac River.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging available throughout the Prince George's County, Maryland, suburbs of Washington.

Thomas Stone National Historic Site
6655 Rose Hill Road, Port Tobacco, MD 20677-3400
(301) 934-6027

Habre-de-Venture, a Georgian mansion built in 1771 near Port Tobacco, was the home of Thomas Stone (1743-87). A signer of the Declaration of Independence, Stone was a delegate to the Continental Congresses in the 1770's and 1780's.
Location: Southeastern Maryland. From U.S.301 at La Plata, take Md. 6 west for 2 miles to Rose Hill Road.


Adams National Historical Site
135 Adams Street, Quincy, MA 02269-0531
(617) 770-1175

The Old House, built in 1731, was purchased by John and Abigail Adams in 1787. Beautiful garden and magnificent library. Tours of The Old House daily in season; gardens and grounds are self-guiding walks. Park open April 19 to November 10. Presidential birthplaces a few miles away also have daily tours.
Location: Adams Street and Newport Avenue, just off Quincy Center.
Accommodations Meals and lodging in the Quincy and Greater Boston Areas.

Frederick Law OlmstedNational Historic Site
99 Warren Street, Brookline, MA 02146
(617) 566-1689

"The Father of Landscape Architecture in America" spent some of his busiest years here at Fairsted, which he purchased in 1883. Home and studio still hold thousands of drawings, maps, models, and photographs pertaining to Olmsted's work. House tours show Olmsted's work areas and various projects. Park open Friday, Saturday, and Sunday from noon to 4:30 p.m.
Location: Just off Route 9 at Warren and Dudley Streets in Brookline, 4 miles from downtown Boston.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Greater Boston Area.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site
83 Beals Street, Brookline, MA 02146
(617) 566-7937

Birthplace and early boyhood home (1917-20) of the 35th President of the United States. Kennedy home; walking tour of neighborhood: audio and self-guiding home tours.
Location: 83 Beals Street, Brookline, Mass.Accommodations Meals and lodging in Greater Boston Area.

Longfellow National Historic Site
105 Braille Street,
Cambridge, MA 02138
(617) 876-4491

Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's home at Cambridge, 1837-82. Also Gen. George Washington's headquarters during the siege of Boston, 1775-76. Restored home and gardens.
Location 105 Brattle Street, Cambridge.
Accommodations Meals and lodging in Cambridge and Greater Boston Area.

Salem Maritime National Historic Site
Custom House, 174 Derby Street
Salem, MA 01970
(508) 745-0236

Young America's maritime history comes alive in this beautiful harborside setting. The Custom House, Derby House, and West India Goods Store re-create the bustling, late-1700s Derby Wharf scene. Historic Salem abounds with tours and sights. House of Seven Gables, The Witch Museum, and Pickering Wharf Complex. Derby and Custom House tours.
Location: Salem Center, off Route 1A, adjacent to Pickering Wharf.
Accommodations: Greater Boston's North Shore area--coastal towns of Salem, Beverly, and Marblehead.

Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site
244 Central Street, Saugus, MA 01906
(617) 233-0050

Reconstructed 17th-century iron works recreate the historic process of water wheels, bellows, and forge hammer. Ironmaster's house, reconstructed furnace, forge, rolling and slitting mill, museum.
Location: Just east of U.S. 1, about 10 miles north of Boston, in Saugus, Mass.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Greater Boston Area.

Springfield Armory National Historic Site
One Armory Square, Springfield, MA 01105
(413) 734-8551

Includes Commandant's Quarters and Master Armorer's Home. Main Arsenal holds one of the world's largest collections of small arms. Area includes historic Armory. Square and Federal Square. Tours of Main Arsenal and houses. Walking, self-guiding tours of the Arsenal and Federal Square area.
Location: Entrance to park off Federal Street; accessible from Armory Street via Interstate 291 or State Street via Interstate 91.
Accommodations: Greater Springfield Area.

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Grand Canyon National Park and Colorado River

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Plan Your Trip with Adventure Activities and Parks



America's highways, byways, and backroads provide excellent opportunities for exploring our public recreational lands. Maps highlighting points of interest and scenic vistas for road trips are available for and at these sites. For detailed information on a particular site, please contact that site directly. Drive Safely.

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Imagine touring the red sands of Utah's Arches National Park on your mountain bike. Or how about riding though the Black Hills of South Dakota on your road bike - Then there are the beautiful carriage trails of Acadia National Park that you can explore on your hybrid. America's public lands offer a multitude of different types of cycling.

Contact your destination to find out whether bicycles are allowed and what kinds of trails are available. Licensing, fees and seasonal restrictions may vary from site to site. For detailed information on a particular site, please contact that site directly.

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Each year, an estimated 74 million Americans enjoy the pleasures of recreational boating. Your public parks, lakes, and rivers provide excellent boating opportunities. Boating is a great way to enjoy America’s coastal and river-front scenery. It can be as easy as relaxing in a boat or as rigorous as paddling the Arkansas River in a kayak. If you do not own a boat, there are many opportunities to rent one. Licensing, fees and seasonal restrictions may vary from site to site. For detailed information on a particular site, please contact that site directly.

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There is nothing quite like spending an evening away from home at one of America’s thousands of public land recreational area campsites. Whether you seek the solitude of a backcountry camping site or a convenient place for you and your family to pitch a tent or park an RV, there are plenty of places to camp in our parks, national seashores, lakeshores, forests, and wilderness areas.

Campsite fees, visitation fees and seasonal restrictions vary from site to site. In some cases, campsites can be reserved in advance. For detailed information on a particular location, please contact that recreation site directly.

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Find and Reserve a Camping Spot



Rock climbing, rappelling, ice climbing, and mountaineering are technical and unique ways to experience America’s public land. Our parks, forests, and wilderness areas offer experiences that cater to every ability level from beginner to expert.

Take a guided climb or simply hone your skills and have fun at a climbing wall. Climbing fees and seasonal restrictions may vary from site to site. For information about a particular site, please call that site directly.

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Educational Programs

Interpretive/Educational Programs

Educational and interpretive learning programs are offered for visitors to many of America’s public land recreation sites. These programs bring science and history to life, and inspire the imagination. Educational opportunities range from learning about the geology of the Grand Canyon to understanding more about how laws are made in Washington, DC.

Rangers, guides and naturalists located at America’s parks, forests, seashores, lakeshores, and wilderness areas offer campfire talks, guided hikes, museums and exhibits for young and old alike. Reservations may be required to participate in interpretive activities. Please contact the recreational site of interest to you for more information.

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Fish Hatcheries

Fish Hatcheries

Fish hatcheries were established in the 1800's, to enhance the number of fish in streams and lakes where native fish populations were declining due to changes in the natural environment. "Cultured" fish were used to replace fish that were lost from natural causes (drought, flood, habitat destruction) or human influences (over-harvest, pollution, habitat loss due to development and dam construction), to establish fish populations to meet specific management needs, and to provide for the creation of new and expanded recreational fisheries opportunities.

Today, fish hatcheries also provide hope for endangered fish species as well as providing research on fish disease, habitat, and the future of fish in general. Not all fish hatcheries allow recreational fishing, so call ahead to see what activities are allowed.

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Fishing continues to be a favorite pastime in the United States. In 2001, 16% of the U.S. population 16 years old and older (34 million anglers) spent an average of 16 days fishing. Freshwater fishing was the most popular type of fishing with over 28 million anglers devoting nearly 467 million angler-days to the sport.

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Thousands of miles of trails that are as diverse as the land itself criss-cross America’s recreational areas. Hiking trails range from steep technical climbs over rocks and iron ladders, to relatively flat lakeshore paths blanketed in pine needles. Hiking is an easy, low cost way to discover the great outdoors, and there are hiking opportunities for almost anyone at any age and ability level.

Many of our public recreational areas feature paved trails to accommodate wheelchair access. Guided hikes are also available at many locations. Fees and seasonal restrictions may vary from site to site. For more detailed information about a particular trail, including detailed trail maps and information about current trail conditions, please contact that site directly.

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Historic/Cultural Sites

Historic/Cultural Sites

America’s public land recreation areas provide a wonderful way to explore our history. From the birthplace of our nation at Independence Hall in Pennsylvania to the Anasazi Heritage Center in Colorado, many parks, forests, and other public lands feature cultural and historic sites that offer outstanding educational opportunities. Please contact that site directly.

Entrance fees and visitor hours vary from site to site. For detailed information on a particular site, please contact that site directly.

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Horseback Riding

Horseback Riding

Western settlers explored much of America on horseback. Today, many of our parks, forests, and wilderness areas can still be explored on the back of a horse for a unique natural adventure. Many Federal recreation areas offer trail riding as well as off-trail riding. Stables and guides may be available at some public land recreation areas. Licensing, fees and seasonal restrictions vary from site to site. For detailed information on a particular site, please contact that site directly.

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Big game, small game and bird hunting are available on America’s public lands depending on the site and season of your trip. Hunting fees, licensing and seasonal restrictions may vary from site to site. For more detailed information, directly contact the site where you plan on hunting.

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Lodging accommodations located on or near America’s public land recreation areas vary from rustic cabins and yurts to bed and breakfast inns and 5-star hotels. Many sites require advance reservations.

For detailed information on lodging, please contact that site directly.

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Museum/Visitor Center

Museums / Visitor Centers

Visitor Centers are located on many of our public land recreation sites for your comfort and convenience. These Visitor Centers often provide excellent educational opportunities, featuring exhibits, demonstrations, and interpretive guides who can answer questions and enhance your enjoyment of the site.

Visitor Centers may serve as focal points for special events or naturalist activities. For specific information regarding Visitor Centers including programs offered, center hours, and facilities offered, please contact the recreational site directly.

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Off-Highway Vehicle Access

Off Highway Vehicles (OHVs)

There are thousands of miles of roads and trails on public lands that are appropriate and accessible for Off Highway Vehicles (OHV's) use. OHV's are a fun and exciting way to experience America's natural treasures.

Backcountry roads and trails provide a wide range of recreational opportunities for responsible Off Highway Vehicle users on public lands. These opportunities range from vehicle touring to vehicle access for hiking, hunting, fishing, and other public land uses, as well as unconfined vehicle use at designated "OHV Open Areas". Fees and seasonal restrictions related to OHV use may vary from site to site. For more detailed information about a particular recreational area, contact the site directly.

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Recreational Vehicles

Recreational Vehicles (RV's)

America’s public lands not only provide the scenic beauty that Recreational Vehicle (RVs) enthusiasts seek, but may include RV-ready campgrounds and sanitary pump-out stations as well as hook-ups. Also, look for special RV parking sites at many public recreation sites.

Hours, fees and seasonal restrictions may vary from site to site. For detailed information on RVing at a particular site, please contact that site directly.

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Water Sports

Water Sports

America’s public lakes, rivers, and seashores offer some of the best water for recreation on our continent. Enjoy scuba diving an underwater nature trail at a National Marine Sanctuary or body surfing at a national seashore.

In addition, some recreation sites offer on-site vendors who will rent equipment, including snorkeling gear, boats, canoes, and kayaks. Some sites offer tour packages through concessionaires.

Licensing, fees and seasonal restrictions vary from site to site; for more information on a particular watersport, please contact that site directly.

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Wildlife Viewing

Wildlife Viewing

More than 66 million people enjoyed watching America’s wildlife last year. Our public land recreation areas offer an outstanding setting for viewing and photographing creatures in their natural habitats.

Opportunities range from observing habits of the endangered Nene or Hawaiian Goose at Volcano National Park to admiring the power and grace of grizzly bears at state parks in Alaska. Entry fees, licensing and seasonal retrictions vary from site to site.

For more detailed information on a particular location, please contact the site directly.

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Winter Sports

Winter Sports

Unlike some of the wildlife that live within them, America’s public land / recreation areas do not hibernate for the winter. Rather, many of these areas are open to a host of recreational opportunies unique to the season. Cross-country and downhill skiing as well as snowshoeing, snowboarding, and dogsledding are just a few of the activities that you can enjoy on public lands. Licensing, fees and seasonal restrictions vary from site to site.

For detailed information on a particular location, please contact that site directly.

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