As the nation's principal
conservation agency, the Department of the Interior has responsibility for most
of our nationally owned public lands and natural resources. This includes
fostering the wisest use of our land and water resources, protecting our fish
and wildlife, preserving the environmental and cultural values of our national
parks and historical places, and providing for the enjoyment of life through
outdoor recreation. The Department assesses our energy and mineral resources and
works to assure that their development is in the best interest of all our
people. The Department also has a major responsibility for American Indian
reservation communities and for people who live in island territories under
United States administration.
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PARKS: DOORWAYS TO
Few travelers are familiar with most parks described here. Many are
located away from principal highways or are relatively new to the National
Park System." And most, but not all, are smaller than the more popular parks.
Yet these sites contain nationally significant scenic and cultural resources,
many of comparable quality to the more famous parks.
The natural areas offer a fascinating variety-lush forests, desert
landscapes, massive gorges, fields of wildflowers, and natural and man-made
lakes. They serve as precious habitat for wild creatures--bears, mountain
lions, foxes, bighorn sheep, deer, eagles, owls, and waterfowl.
Many lesser-known parks are historical areas, such as battlefields of the
Revolutionary and Civil Wars, forts along the routes of western exploration
and migration, ruins of the dwelling places of pre-Columbian native peoples,
and homes of Presidents and other men and women who contributed significantly
to the nation's progress.
Many of these parks offer both natural beauty and historical interest.
Even during busy seasons, they are not are not heavily used, so you may
explore them and learn there secrets at your leisure.
PREPARE FOR A PARK VISIT
About one-fifth of these lesser-known parks charge an entrance fee of $3
to $10 per private passenger vehicle or $1 to $5 per person. If you plan to
visit several parks that have entrance fees, you can save money with the $50
Golden Eagle Pass. It provides entry to all national park areas for one
calendar year. Visitors 62 and over qualify for a Golden Age Pass. The pass
has a one time charge of $10 and it is a lifetime pass. It provides free entry
and a 50-percent discount on federal camping and other use fees. Proof of age
is required: applicants must appear in person. Blind and permanently disabled
persons who qualify for disability benefits under one of several federal
programs may obtain a free lifetime Golden Access Pass. It must be applied for
in person and provides the same privileges as the Golden Age Pass. All three
passes are available at recreation fee areas.
ENJOYING YOUR VISITS
Try to make the visitor center your first stop at any park. There you will
find information on attractions, facilities. and activities, such as scenic
drives. nature trails. and historic tours. Descriptive films, literature, and
exhibits will acquaint you with the geology. history, and plant and animal
life of the area. The park staff will answer questions about accommodations,
services. and the accessibility of attractions. Most parks described in this
book do not offer meals and lodging.
Many parks can provide assistance for those who have visual, auditory, or
other physical limitations. Most have parking lots, restrooms, and other
features that are accessible to disabled persons. If accessibility is
important to you, however, inquire in advance.
Care for Persons and
Observe common-sense safety rules. Natural hazards abound in outdoor
areas. especially for those unfamiliar with such terrain. Watch your children.
Never approach wild animals, even small ones. If you swim or climb or take
hiking trips. do so with a partner, and tell someone on the park staff where
you will be. Historic buildings are old: watch for low doorways and steep
Please remember that our parks protect natural and cultural resources that
can be fragile. To avoid inadvertent damage, please follow the suggestions of
park staffs. Special restrictions sometimes apply to backpacking or boating to
protect backcountry areas from overuse. Free permits to use certain
backcountry trails and areas are issued at the parks. In some cases. such
permits may be obtained by mail in advance.
OTHER SITES TO VISIT
Many of these parks are close to state parks, national forests, and other
reservations providing additional recreational and camping opportunities.
Information on such areas is available from state travel bureaus or from
federal land managers. The latter include the Forest Service. U.S. Department
of Agriculture: the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: and the Bureau of Land
Management, Fish and Wildlife Service, and Bureau of Reclamation of the U.S.
Department of the Interior.
National Park Handbooks
Official National Park Handbooks exist for many of the parks described in
this directory and guide. Though many of these areas are not well known, the
stories they embrace are integral parts of our history. culture. and heritage.
For information about how to obtain the official handbook that explores the
area or areas you are interested in, call or write to the park superintendent
before your visit. Telephone numbers and addresses are listed for each park.
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park Route 1,
Box 103, Daviston, AL 36256 (205) 234-7111
Site of the battle of March 27. 1814, on the Tallapoosa River. General
Andrew Jackson's forces broke the power of Creek Indian Confederacy and opened
Alabama and other Old Southwest areas to settlement. Visitor center,
self-guiding tour of battlefield. nature trail, exhibits. flintlock rifle
demonstrations, hiking, picnic area, launching ramps.
Location: The park is on Ala. 49.12 miles north of Dadeville and 18 miles
northeast of Alexander City via New Site.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging available in Dadeville and Alexander
City. Camping facilities in Wind Creek State Park, Talledega National Forest,
Mt. Cheaha State Park, nearby.
Russell Cave National
Monument Route 1, Box 175, Bridgeport, AL
Archeological site of 8.000 years of human life on this continent,
encompassing Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian Periods. Visitor center with
museum, cave shelter audiovisual program, nature trail, hiking trail, horse
trail, film and slide programs, archaic weapons demonstrations, lunch area.
Location: 8 miles west of Bridgeport. From U.S. Route 72 at Bridgeport,
follow Jackson County Roads 91 and 75.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging available in South Pittsburgh, Tenn.,
and Stevenson. Ala.
Tuskegee Institute National Historic
Site P.O. Drawer 10 Tuskegee Institute, AL
Booker T. Washington is credited with having founded this college for
black Americans in 1881. Preserved here are student-made brick buildings; The
Oaks, family home of Booker T. Washington; the George W. Carver Museum; and an
antebellum mansion, Grey Columns, which is the visitor center. Bookstore,
exhibits, film and slide presentations, selfguiding tours of historic campus
district and Carver Museum, guided tours at The Oaks, self-guiding nature
Location: On Old Montgomery Road State Route 1261 adjacent to the city of
Accommodations: Meals and lodging on Tuskegee Institute's campus during
regular academic periods. and within the city of Tuskegee. Forest Service
camping facilities within 15 miles of the site.
Katmai National Park and Preserve Box 7, King
Salmon, AK 99613 907-246-3305
Rugged shoreline backed by mountain wilderness and the dying Valley of Ten
Thousand Smokes. Home of the brown bear and bald eagle. Fishing, camping,
guided tours, hiking, wildlife sanctuary. nature trails, chartered boats
Location: Katmai is 250 air miles southwest of Anchorage. Travel from King
Salmon to Brooks River is by amphibious bush aircraft.
Accommodations: Modern facilities at Brooks River Lodge and Lake
Grosvenor. Write to the lodges at the park address.
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park Box
517, Skagway, AK 99840 907-983-2921
Combining the historic district of downtown Skagway and the old Trail of
'98 from Skagway to the Chilkoot and White Passes, the park reflects an
atmosphere of the old-time gold rush era. This unit complements the Visitor
Center in Seattle's Pioneer Square, where gold seekers took off for the
Klondike. Exhibit, museum, self-guiding tour/trail, picnic area, camping.
Location: Skagway, Alaska. Chilkoot Trail begins 12 miles west of Skagway
at the ghost town of Dyea and ends at Bennett. Accessible by boat. plane. or
Accommodations: Food and lodging in Skagway. Campgrounds at Skagway and
Sitka National Historical Park Box 738, Sitka,
AK 99835 (907) 747-6281
Battleground where Russian supremacy over Tlingit Indians was achieved in
1804. Site of Russian fort, totem poles, and other artifacts. Visitor center,
self-guiding trails, native crafts workshops, museum exhibits, totem poles,
picnic area. Location Located on Baranof Island in southeastern Alaska, the
park may be reached by scheduled airlines from Seattle, Juneau, and Anchorage.
Sitka is a port of call on the Alaska Marine Highway System.
Accommodations: The park is within walking distance of downtown Sitka's
hotel accommodations and meals.
Ten other lesser-known parks in Alaska were authorized in their present
forms by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act of 1980. These
parks have almost no federal facilities and usually no accommodations other
than primitive camping. Some can be visited by automobile, bus, or railway;
others can be reached only by air.
These parks reward those who can visit them with some of Earth's most
magnificent scenery. All exceed one-half million acres in size: Wrangell-St.
Elias National Park and Preserve encompasses more than 13 million acres. They
provide habitat for a marvelous assortment of wildlife. Subsistence hunting is
permitted in some of these national parks. Both subsistence and sport hunting
are permitted in the national preserves.
Brief descriptions of these 10 areas follow.
Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve Box 7,
King Salmon, AK 99613 (907) 246-3305
Aniakchak Caldera covers some 30 square miles in the volcanically active
Aleutian Mountains. Aniakchak last erupted in 1931. Surprise Lake's waters
cascade through the crater wall to form Aniakchak Wild River.
Access: Scheduled, then chartered airplane or floatplane.
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Box 220,
Nome, AK 99762 (907) 443-2522
The preserve, on northwest Alaska's Seward Peninsula, is a remnant of the
land bridge that connected Asia and North America some 13,000 years ago.
Archeological resources abound, and large populations of migratory birds nest
Access: Scheduled, then chartered aircraft.
Cape Krusenstern National Monument Box 1029,
Kotzebue, AK 99752 (907) 442-3760
Archeological sites dating back some 4,000 years along 114 successive
lateral beach ridges illustrate Eskimo communities of all known cultural
periods in Alaska.
Access: Scheduled aircraft, then chartered aircraft and boats.
Gates of the Arctic National Park and
Preserve Box 74680, Fairbanks, AK 99707 (907)692-5494
Jagged peaks, gentle arctic valleys, and numerous lakes characterize this
park and preserve north of the Arctic Circle. Includes part of the Central
Brooks Range, the northernmost extension of the Rocky Mountains. Contains all
or part of several wild rivers: Alatna, John, Kobuk, Tinayguk, Noatak, and
North Fork of the Koyukuk.
Access: Scheduled, then chartered aircraft.
Kenai Fjords National Park Box 1727, Seward, AK
99664 (907) 224-3175
The park is 10 miles from Seward. Contains one of the nation's four major
ice caps -- 700 square-mile Harding Ice Field -- coastal fjords, islands, and
rich, varied rain forest. Home to sea lions, sea otters, and seals. Breeding
grounds for tens of thousands of birds.
Access: By air or highway, charter boat or aircraft.
Kobuk Valley National Park Box 1029, Kotzebue,
AK 99752 (907) 442-3890
The park embraces the Kobuk River's central valley, north of the Arctic
Circle. Wildlife includes brown and black bears, wolf, fox, and migrating
caribou. The 25-square-mile Great Kobuk Sand Dunes rise above surrounding
terrain. Contains Salmon Wild River.
Access: Scheduled aircraft, then chartered aircraft or boats.
Lake Clark National Park and Preserve 4230
University Drive, Suite 311 Anchorage, AK 99508 (907) 781-2218
Jagged peaks, granite spires, two active volcanoes and the 50-mile-long
lake set in the Chigmit Mountains along Cook Inlet's western shore. The lake,
fed by hundreds of waterfalls, provides important red salmon spawning ground.
Contains Chilikadrotna, Mulchatna, and Tlikakila Wild Rivers.
Access: Chartered aircraft.
Noatak National Preserve Box 1029, Kotzebue, AK
99752 (907) 442-3760
Protects the nation's largest untouched river basin and part of Noatak
Wild River, with its 65-mile-long Grand Canyon. A transition zone and
migration route for plants and animals between arctic and sub-arctic
environments. Contains hundreds of archeological sites and bounteous wildlife
Access: Scheduled, then chartered aircraft.
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and
Preserve Box 29, Glennallen, AK 99588 (907) 822-5234
Chugach, Wrangell, and St. Elias Mountains converge here. This largest
National Park System area adjoins Canada's Kluane National Park. Mountains,
valleys, and river basins feature abundant wildlife.
Access: By highway, then 4-wheel-drive vehicle or chartered aircraft.
Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve Box 167,
Eagle, AK 99738 (907) 547-2233
Contains 115 miles of the historic Yukon River, and the entire 88-mile
Charley River basin. The Charley boasts outstanding whitewater. Old cabins and
relics recall the 1898 gold rush. Falcons nest in high bluffs.
Access: Highway or scheduled aircraft, then chartered aircraft or boat.
Canyon de Chelly National Monument Box 588,
Chinle, AZ 86503 (520) 674-5436
Ruins of Indian villages built between A.D. 350 and 1300 at the base of
sheer red cliffs and in caves in canyon walls. Modern Navajo Indian homes and
farms. Picnicking, campgrounds, scenic drive, ruins, pictographs, hiking on
White House ruin, guided tours, museum.
Location: From Gallup, N. Mex., northwest on U.S. 666 to N. Mex. 264 to
U.S. 191 to Chinle.
Accommodations: Meals, lodging, and jeep tours at Thunderbird Lodge at
monument. Write to lodge at Box 548, Chinle, AZ 86503 for reservations.
Casa Grande National Monument Box 518,
Coolidge, AZ 85228 (520) 723-3172
Ruins of massive four-story building constructed of high-lime desert soil
by Indians who farmed the Gila Valley 600 years ago. Day use area only. High
summer temperatures. Visitor center. museum, guided tours, self-guiding trail,
picnicking, private campground nearby.
Location: Within the town of Coolidge, on Highway 87, halfway between
Phoenix and Tucson.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Coolidge and city of Casa Grande.
Chiricahua National Monument Dos Cabezas Box
6500, Willcox, AZ 85643 (520) 824-3560
Varied rock formations created millions of years ago by volcanic activity.
Chiricahua Mountains rise steeply from the desert like a forested island.
Trails provide views of all park features. Visitor center, campgrounds, scenic
drive. hiking, self-guiding trails, picnicking.
Location: 36 miles southeast of Willcox, Ariz., off Rt. 186.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging and commercial campground in Willcox.
Small camping area in monument's Bonita Canyon.
Coronado National Memorial 4101 East Montezuma
Canyon Road, Hereford, AZ 85615 (520) 366-5515
Commemorates first European exploration of Southwest, by Francisco Vasquez
de Coronado, 154042. View of part of route Coronado expedition used to enter
present United States from Mexico. High summer temperatures. Hiking, exhibits,
trails, picnicking, visitor center.
Location: 22 miles south of Sierra Vista, Ariz., and 30 miles southwest of
Bisbee, Ariz., off Route 92.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging at Sierra Vista and Bisbee. Camping 18
miles west at Forest Service campgrounds at Parker Lake.
Fort Bowie National Historic Site P.O. Box 158,
Bowie, AZ 85605 (520) 847-2500
Ruins of fort established 1862. Focal point of military operations against
Geronimo and his band of Apaches. A walk-in and day use area only. Rugged
1.5-mile sand and gravel trail leads from parking lot to the site. Picnic
tables at the site. Ruins of fort, small museum, hiking.
Location: From Willcox on Interstate 10, drive 12 miles south on State
Route 186 to graded road leading east to Apache Pass. Or from Bowie on
Interstate 10, drive 12 miles south on a graded dirt road and bear west into
Accommodations: Meals and lodging at Bowie or Willcox. National Park
Service campground 25 miles southwest at Chiricahua National Monument.
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site Box
150, Ganado, AZ 86505 (520) 755-3475
Still-active trading post illustrates the influence of reservation traders
on the Indian way of life. Indian crafts for sale, self-guiding trail,
interpretive programs, weaving demonstrations.
Location: On Navajo' Indian Reservation, one mile west of Ganado, and 55
miles from Gallup. N. Mex.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging at Window Rock, Ariz., 30 miles from
Hubbell, off Ariz. 264. College of Ganado (limited motel units). Three Mission
Navajo National Monument H.C. 71, Box 3,
Tonalea, AZ 86044 (520) 672-2366
Two of the most elaborate and best-preserved cliff dwellings in the
Southwest: Betatakin, 135 rooms, and Keel Seel, 157 rooms. Both occupied
during late 13th century by Pueblo peoples. Daily guided tours into the
canyon/ prehistoric sites late spring through early fall. Limited to 20 people
per tour. Self-guiding overlook trail, picnicking, camping, visitor center,
exhibits, museum, campfire programs in summer, Navajo art and crafts shops.
Location: Twenty miles northwest from Kayenta on Highway 160, turn north
on Highway 564 for ten miles. Highway 564 ends at park boundary: not a through
highway to Page.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Kayenta.
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Route 1,
Box 100, Ajo, AZ 85321 (520) 387-6849
Named for cactus species rare in the United States. Protects desert
plants, animals, and natural features in segment of the Sonoran Desert, which
stretches from northwestern Mexico to southeastern California. Contains traces
of the historic trail, Camino del Diablo. Visitor center, interpretive
programs, scenic drives and hikes. This area visited mostly during winter
months when climate is more temperate.
Location: At junction of Interstates 8 and 80, take State Route 85 south.
Headquarters is 40 miles south of town of Ajo. From Tucson, take State Route
86 west to Route 85. Headquarters is 12 miles south of this junction.
Accommodations: Campground 1.5 miles south of visitor center. Some
accommodations in Lukeville and in Sonoita, Mexico. Accommodations in Ajo, 40
Pipe Spring National Monument Moccasin, AZ
86022 (520) 643-7105
Historic fort and other structures built by Mormon pioneers. Homes,
bunkhouses, work sheds, and corrals typical of 19th-century ranches. Tour of
fort and grounds, picnicking. Location Fifteen miles southwest of Fredonia,
Ariz. Reached from Alt. U.S. 89 via Ariz. 389. From 1-15, Utah 9 and 17
connect with Utah 59 at Hurricane, Utah. Paved road leads to the monument from
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Fredonia and Hurricane.
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument Route
3, Box 149, Flagstaff, AZ 86004 (520) 527-7042
1,000-foot volcanic cinder cone. Formed A.D. 1064-1065. with lava flows
and related igneous features. Cinders of Summit Crater give illusion of
perpetual sunset. Volcanic crater, visitor center, self-guiding nature trail.
Connected to Wupatki National Monument by paved road through Coconino National
Forest. Forest Service campground across from visitor center.
Location: From Flagstaff, take U.S. 89 north about 16 miles to monument
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Flagstaff.
Tonto National Monument Box 707, Roosevelt, AZ
85545 (520) 467-2241
Well-preserved cliff dwelling occupied in 13th and 14th centuries by
Solado Indians farming Salt River Valley. Most visitors come in winter. when
climate is more temperate. The monument lies above 4,000 feet, however, and
receives some summer breezes. Visitor center. Indian ruins, exhibits,
self-guiding trails, picnic areas, camping in nearby Tonto National Forest.
Day use area only.
Location: From Phoenix, take U.S. 60-70 to Apache Junction, take State
Route 88 northeast to Roosevelt. Monument turnoff is 2 miles southeast, in
Accommodations: Meals in Roosevelt. Meals and lodging 25 miles southeast
Tumacacori National Historical Park Box 67,
Tumacacori, AZ 85640 (520) 398-2341
Ruins of 19th-century Spanish colonial mission community. Day use area
only. Visitor center. self-guiding trails. ruins, museum. weekend craft
demonstrations, picnicking. Favorable weather throughout the winter.
Location: Exit 29 on Interstate 19, 19 miles north of Nogales and 45 miles
south of Tucson.
Accommodations: Meals available in nearby restaurants. Meals and lodging
at Nogales, Rio Rico (8 miles), and Tucson. Forest Service campground at Pena
Blanca Lake, 21 miles south and west of the monument.
Tuzigoot National Monument Box 68, Clarkdale,
AZ 86324 (520) 634-5564
Excavated ruins of large Indian pueblo that flourished in the Verde Valley
between 1000 and 1400 A.D. Day use area only. Visitor center, ruins, Indian
Location: 48 miles southwest of Flagstaff, off U.S. 89A.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Clarkdale and Cottonwood, 2 miles
from the monument.
Walnut Canyon National Monument Walnut Canyon
Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86004 (520) 526-3367
Cliff dwellings in shallow caves under limestone ledges. Built by Pueblo
Indians about 800 years ago. Access to cliff dwellings is a steep set of
rugged steps. It is a hardy walk. Day use area only. Visitor center, cliff
dwellings, self-guiding trail, picnic area.
Location: Off U.S. 66, Interstate 40, 12 miles east of Flagstaff.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Flagstaff.
Wupatki National Monument HC33, Box 444A,
Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (520) 556-7040
Ruins of masonry pueblos built by Sinagua and Anasazi Indian farmers
between A.D. 100 and 1225. Part of complex prehistoric story of struggle for
survival in a harsh climate. Visitor center, ruins, self-guiding trails,
picnic area. Connected to Sunset Crater National Monument by paved road
leading from Coconino National Forest. Forest Service campground 18 miles
south. across from Sunset Crater visitor center.
Location: Off U.S. 89, 30 miles north of Flagstaff.
Location: Arkansas Post is on Ark. 169, 7 miles south of Gillett via U.S.
165, and about 20 miles northeast of Dumas via U.S. 165.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Gillett and Dumas.
Fort Smith National Historic Site Box 1406,
Fort Smith, AR 72902 (501) 783-3961
One of the first U.S. military posts in the Louisiana Territory. From 1817
to 1896, a center of authority for the untamed region to the west. Visitor
center, self-guiding tour of fort, commercial campground nearby. Group tours
can be arranged.
Location: Downtown Fort Smith, on Rogers Avenue, between Second and Third
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Fort Smith.
Pea Ridge National Military Park Pea Ridge, AR
72751 (501) 451-8122
Scene of major Civil War engagement west of the Mississippi, on March 7-8,
1862. Selfguiding auto tour of battlefield, visitor center, museum exhibits,
picnic area, commercial campground one mile away, Army Corps of Engineers
campground within 10 miles. Guided group tours can be arranged.
Location: 98 miles north of Fort Smith on U.S. 62.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging at Rogers, Ark., 10 miles southwest.
Channel Islands National Park 1901 Spinnaker Dr
Ventura, CA 93001-4354 (805)658-5730
Five Islands and some 125,000 acres of submerged lands surrounding them
provide habitat for wildlife ranging from microscopic plankton to nesting
birds to the worlds largest creature, the blue whale.
Location: Off the southern California coast. Islands can be reached by
commercial or private boat, or private aircraft. Special permits may be
required for landing or docking.
Devils Postpile National Monument P.O box 501
Mammoth Lakes, CA 93546 (619)934-2289
Hot lava cooled and cracked 900,000 years ago to form basalt columns 40 to
60 feet high. These resemble a giant pipe organ. Crossed by the John Muir
Trail between Yosemite and Kings Canyon National Parks. Monument created from
Inyo National Forest lands. Hiking, fishing, camping, horseback riding,
picnicking, interpretive talks, small visitor center.
Location: Reached by a 16-mile drive from U.S. 395. Shuttle bus operates
from Minaret Summit to the monument in summer (nominal fee).
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Mammoth Lakes, 13 miles, or Reds
Meadow, 4 miles.
Eugene O'Neil National Historic Site P.O. Box
280 Danville, CA 94526-0280 (510) 838-0249
America's most important playwrite lived here at Tao House from 1937-44.
Several of his best plays were written here.
Location: Eastern San Francisco Bay Area. Call in Advance to arrange
transportation to park from Danville.
John Muir National Historic Site 4202 Alhambra
Avenue, Martinez, CA 94553 (510) 228-8860
John Muir House and adjacent Martinez Adobe commemorate Muir's
contribution to conservation and literature. Guided house tours. audiovisual
shows, lectures, picnicking. This is a day use area.
Location: Martinez, California, San Francisco Bay Area.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Martinez.
Lava Beds National Monument Box 867, Tulelake,
CA 96134 (916) 667-2282
Unusual exhibits of volcanic activity, grassland, chaparral, and pine
forest communities. Principal theater of Modoc Indian War, 1872-73. Abuts Tule
Lake National Wildlife Refuge on north. Scenic Medicine Lake country nearby.
Visitor center, hiking, exhibits, museum, nature trails, picnic area,
campgrounds (May 1 - October 1), cave explorations, summer interpretive
programs. No concessioners. Bring film.
Location: 30 miles south of Tulelake and 60 miles south of Klamath Falls,
Oregon, off California Route 139.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Tulelake.
Pinnacles National Monument Pinnacles National
Monument Paicines, CA 95043 (408) 389-4485
Spire-like rock formations, 500 to 1,200 feet high, with caves and
volcanic features. Exemplary Coast Range chaparral. Many colorful wildflowers
in spring. Camping, picnicking, visitor center, interpretive talks, hiking and
nature trails. Note: Caves may be closed temporarily.
Location: East entrance 35 miles south of Hollister on Calif. Route 146.
West entrance 11 miles east of Soledad on Calif. Route 146. State route is not
a trans-park road. Rugged Gabilan Mountain Range forms principal park features
and bisects road.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Hollister on east, and King City, 30
miles southwest. Commercial campground on the east; short walk into National
Park Service campground on the west.
Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site 35110
Highway 194 East La Junta, CO 81050-9523 (719) 384-2596
Principal outpost of Anglo-American presence on the Southern Plains. A
trading center for Indians and a significant fur-trading post on the Santa Fe
Trail. Reconstructed adobe fort with rooms furnished in period style,
self-guiding tour of the fort, archeological collection, living history
interpretation, annual rendezvous re-enactment.
Location: 8 miles east of La Junta and 15 miles west of Las Animas, Colo.,
on Colo. 194. La Junta served by Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad. 68
miles east of Pueblo.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in La Junta and Los Animas, Colo.
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National
Monument Box 1648, Montrose, CO 81402 (970) 249-7036
Sheer-walled canyon. Shadowed depths accentuate darkness of ancient rocks of
obscure origin. Camping, fishing, hiking, nature trail, scenic overlooks.
Location: 15 miles from Montrose, Colo., on Colo. 347.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Montrose.
Colorado National Monument Fruita, CO
81521 (907) 858-3617
Deep canyons, towering monoliths, strange rock formations, dinosaur
fossils, and remains of a prehistoric Indian culture grace colorful sandstone
country. Visitor center. camping, hiking, climbing, scenic overlooks.
Location: The monument is 4 miles west of Grand Junction and 31/2 miles
south of Fruita, Colo. on Colo. 340.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Grand Junction and Fruita, Colo.
Dinosaur National Monument Box 210, Dinosaur,
CO 81610 (970) 374-3000
Spectacular canyons cut by Green and Yampa Rivers through upfolded
mountains. Quarry contains fossil remains of dinosaurs and other ancient
animals. Camping, visitor centers, fishing, backcountry camping, hiking, boat
trips, campfire programs, exhibits, worldfamous display of dinosaur fossils in
quarry visitor center.
Location: On Colorado-Utah border 20 miles north of Dinosaur, Colo. All
dinosaur fossils and all improved campgrounds are in quarry area 7 miles north
of Jensen, Utah.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Vernal, Utah, 14 miles.
Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument Box
185, Florissant, CO 80816 (719) 748-3253
Treasure of paleontological history preserved by volcanic ash. Among
world's richest plant and insect fossils groupings. Also bird and mammal
fossils. Nature trail, view of Pike's Peak golden eagles nest in western part
old gold mining town of Cripple Creek to the south, self-guiding trails around
Location: The monument is 35 miles southwest of Colorado Springs, Colo.,
via U.S. 24.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Colorado Springs and Woodland Park.
Great Sand Dunes National Monument Mosca, CO
81146 (719) 378-2312
Among nation's largest and highest dunes. Deposited over thousands of
years by southwesterly winds blowing through passes of lofty Sangre de Cristo
Mountains. Visitor center, exhibits, hiking on the dunes, picnicking. camping,
campfire programs in summer, naturalist walks, self-guiding trail.
Location: Follow U.S. 160 east from Alamosa, Colo.. to Colo. 150 and the
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Alamosa.
Hovenweep National Monument McElmo Route,
Cortez, CO 81321 (970) 529-4465 (Cellular: 970-749-0510)
Six groups of towers, pueblos. and cliff dwellings built by pre-Columbian
Indians. Two groups in Utah, four in Colorado. Camping, hiking, Indian ruins.
Location: 45 miles from Cortez, Colo., on Utah-Colorado border. Dirt roads
sometimes impassable in bad weather; check locally.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Blanding and Bluff in Utah; in Cortez
Frederick Douglass National Historic Site 1411
W Street, S.E. Washington, DC 22020 (202) 426-5961
Cedar Hill, restored home of Frederick Douglass, outstanding 19th-century
American black. Remarkable orator and writer, noted abolitionist and
antislavery editor. Visitor center, exhibits, audiovisual program, restored
home and furnishings, guided home tours.
Location: Washington, D.C., 14th and W Streets, S.E.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in D.C. area.
Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic
Site 1318 Vermont Ave,NW, Washington, D.C. 20005 (202) 332-1233
Headquarters of the National Council of Negro Women, this site
commemorates Bethune's leadership in the black women's rights movement from
1943 to 1949.
Theodore Roosevelt Island c/o George Washington
Memorial Parkway Turkey Run Park, McLean, Virginia 22101 (703)
88-acre wilderness preserve memorializes President Theodore Roosevelt's
contributions to conservation. Tours, interpretive programs, formal memorial
with statue, self-guiding trails, aquatic life, bird and animal refuge.
Location: In Potomac River in Washington, D.C. Reach parking area from
northbound lanes of George Washington Memorial Parkway on Potomac's Virginia
side. Footbridge connects island to Virginia shore.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Washington. D.C. and northern
Big Cypress National Preserve H.C.R. 61, Box
110, Ochopee, FL 33943-9710 (813) 695-4111
Characterized by stands of cypress trees, wetgrass prairies, marshes,
estuarine mangroves, and threatened species such as the Florida panther, this
preserve protects critical watershed area for the threatened ecosystems of
Location: South Florida, just north of Everglades National Park. Off U.S.
41, 60 miles from either Naples or Miami.
Biscayne National Park Box 1369, Homestead, FL
33090-1369 (305) 247-7275
On Florida's southern Atlantic coast, park embraces 175,000 acres, mostly
water and living coral reefs. Contains well-sheltered section of Biscayne Bay,
about 45 low islands, called "keys," and about 20 miles of mainland mangrove
shoreline. Available by private boat or concessioner-operated tour boat:
swimming, snorkeling, fishing, camping, picnicking, and hiking on nature
trails. (Picnicking, fishing, interpretive activities on mainland.)
Location: Park headquarters at Convoy Point, 9 miles east of Homestead, on
S.W. 328 Street.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Homestead.
DeSoto National Memorial P.O. Box
15390 Bradenton, FL 34280-5390 (813) 792-0458
Commemorates 16th-century Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. Led first
extensive exploration by Europeans of present southern United States
(1539-1542). Visitor center, exhibits, audiovisual program, nature trail,
living history program (December-April). Lowest visitation in summer.
Location: On Tampa Bay 5 miles west of Bradenton: 40 miles south of Tampa,
off State Route 64.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Bradenton.
Dry Tortugas National Park P.O. Box 6208, Key
West, FL 33041-6208 (305) 242-7700
These seven coral reefs are noted for marine life and several species of
nesting birds. Fort Jefferson, begun in 1846 to help control the Florida
Straits, served as a Civil War military prision and held four of the Lincoln
Location: Gulf of Mexico, 68 mile west of Key West. The islands can be
reached by boat pr seaplane from the Key West area.
Fort Caroline National Memorial 12713 Fort
Caroline Road Jacksonville, FL 32225 (904) 641-7155
Overlooks site of French Huguenot Colony of 1564-65, second French attempt
at settlement within present United States. Here. French and Spaniards began
two centuries of European colonial rivalry in North America. Scale replica of
fort, museum, self-guiding trail.
Location: East of downtown Jacksonville, via Fla. 10.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Jacksonville.
Fort Jefferson National Monument c/o Everglades National Park P.O. Box
279, Homestead, FL 33030 (305) 247-6211
Largest of a ring of masonry coastal defense forts built in 19th century.
Stands on an island in the Gulf of Mexico's Dry Tortugas group, named to warn
mariners of no fresh water. During and after Civil War, fort used as federal
military prison. Bird refuge, coral formations, marine life, underwater nature
trail, camping, fishing. picnicking, self-guiding tour of fort.
Location: 68 miles west of Key West. Accessible only by boat or air taxi
from Key West area.
Accommodations: No housing, water, meals, or supplies.
Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve 13165
Mt. Pleasant Rd, Jacksonville, Florida 32225-1227 (904) 641-7155
Named for the Indians who lived here for more than 3,000 years, the
preserve encompasses Atlantic coastal marshes, islands, tidal creeks, and the
estuaries of the St. Johns and Nassau rivers. Besides traces of Indian life,
the site preserves the remains of European colonial ventures as well as 18th-
and 19th-century American settlements.
Location: Northeast Florida. From Jacksonville, take Fla. 105 east.
Andersonville National Historic Site Route 1,
Box 85, Andersonville, GA 31711 (912) 924-0343
Confederate prisoner-of-war camp. Commemorates sacrifices borne by
American prisoners, not only in the Civil War. but also in all wars. Includes
Andersonville National Cemetery. Information station, POW exhibit building.
self-guiding tour of prison site. picnicking, summer programs include
interpretive talks, walks, and torchlight tours.
Location: 9 miles northeast of Americus.
Accommodations: Meals available in Andersonville: lodging in Americus and
Cumberland Island National Seashore P.O. Box
806, St. Marys, GA 31558-0806 (912) 882-4335
Unspoiled beaches and dunes, maritime forests, salt marshes, freshwater
lakes, and the remains of centuries of human habitation characterize the
largest of Georgia's Atlantic barrier islands.
Location: Main visitor center is of Ga. 40 in St. Marys. The island can be
reached by boat or ferry.
Fort Frederica National Monument Route 9, Box
286-C St. Simons Island, GA 31522 (912) 638-3639
Built by Gen. James E. Oglethorpe during Anglo-Spanish struggle for
present southeastern United States. Visitor center, museum exhibits,
interpretive and audiovisual programs, self-guiding tour of townsite and fort.
Location: On St. Simons Island, 12 miles from Brunswick, Ga. Can be
reached via Brunswick-St. Simons toll causeway.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Brunswick and on St. Simons Island.
No picnic facilities at monument: picnic areas on St. Simons Island in
Brunswick and Jekyll Island State Park.
Fort Pulaski National Monument P.O. Box 30757,
Savannah, GA 31410 (912) 786-5787
Early 19th-century fort, whose bombardment by federal rifled cannon in
1862 first demonstrated the ineffectiveness of old-style masonry
fortifications. Visitor center, museum exhibits, interpretive programs and
displays, self-guiding tour, hiking, picnicking, fishing. Boat ramp and
private campground nearby.
Location: 13 miles east of Savannah, Ga., off U.S. 80.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Savannah area.
Jimmy Carter National Historic Site P.O> Box
392, Plains, GA 31780-0392 (912) 824-3413
Jimmy Carter's boyhood home, school, church, and current residence are
preserved, along with much of the small town and rural landscape that has
provided the setting for the President's life and early political career.
Location: Southwest Georgia. From Americus, take U.S. 280 west to plains.
Ocmulgee National Monument 1207 Emery Highway,
Macon, GA 31201 (912) 752-8257
10,000 years of American Indian heritage preserved here include platform
mounds and ceremonial earthlodge abandoned about 1100 A.D. These Indians were
an outpost of the Mississippian culture. Visitor center with archeological
exhibits, guided tours, self-guiding trail. Summer program includes Indian
Location: On east edge of Macon, Ga., off Interstate 16.
Accommodations: Meals, lodging, and campgrounds in Macon.
War in the Pacific National Historical Park Box
FA, Agana, Guam 96910 (011)671-477-9362
Interprets events in the Pacific theater of World War II. Includes major
historic sites associated with 1944 battle for Guam. Exemplifies
island-hopping military campaign against the Japanese. Stell Newman Visitor
Center, small museum, major invasion beaches.
Location: Agana Harbor area.
Accommodations: Resort hotels within 5 miles. Tamuning Bay area.
Kalaupapa National Historical Park P.O. Box
222, Kalaupapa, HI 96742-2222 (808) 567-6102
The isolated Moloka'i Island Hansen's Disease (leprosy) settlement was
founded here in 1866 and operated until 1969. The park also includes areas
relating to early Hawaiian life.
Location: North shore of Moloka'i Island. Park is reached by charter
flights, or by a steep trail from the cliff. Visitor require State of Hawaii
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historic Park 73-4786
Kanalani St N-14, Kailua-Kona, HI 96740-2608 (808) 329-6881
Many aspects of early Hawaiian life are preserved here at the site of an
important early native settlement, including houses, ceremonial structures,
ancient trails, burial grounds, agricultural fields, and fishponds.
Location: From Keahole Airport in Kona, take Hawaii 19 south for 6 miles.
Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site P.O. Box
44340 Kawaihae, HI 96743-4340 (808) 882-7218
A defense fortification and place of worship, during Kamehameha's rise to
power in the early 1790's.
Location: From Kawaihea, take Hawaii 270 south 1 mile.
City of Rocks National Reserve P.O. Box 169,
Almo, ID 83312-0169 (208) 824-5519
Granite spires and sculptured rock formations up to hundreds of feet high
dominate this landscape. Remnants of the California Trail are still visible.
Location: Southern Idaho. From Almo, take country raod south for 2 miles.
Craters of the Moon National Monument Box 29,
Arco, ID 83213 (208) 527-3257
Fissure eruptions, volcanic cones, craters, lava flows, caves, and other
volcanic phenomena. Douglas-fir, limber pine, and sagebrush-grassland
communities. Visitor center, picnicking, self-guiding trails, nature trail,
naturalist activities. Museum depicts volcanic formations, plants, animals,
and history of the park.
Location: The monument is 18 miles southwest of Arco, on U.S. 20, 26, and
Accommodations: Meals and lodging available in Arco.
Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument P.O. Box
570, Hagerman, ID 83332-0570 (208) 837-4739
Fossils embedded in sediment have been exposed on the banks on the Snake
River by the carving action of flowing water.
Location: Southern Idaho. Visitor center is in downtown Hagerman at 221
N.State St. (U.S.30).
Nez Perce National Historical Park Box 93,
Spalding, ID 83551-0093 (208) 843-2261
Comprises 24 historic sites spread over North Central Idaho. 20 are
managed cooperatively with federal, tribal, state, and private agencies. Some
sites relate to westward expansion, settlement, and the 1877 War. Others
relate to Nez Perce religion and legends. Scenic views, natural formations,
historic buildings, visitor center/museum with exhibits and movie,
self-guiding facilities, and picnicking.
Location: Park headquarters at Spalding, 11 miles east of Lewiston, on
U.S. 95. Personal services at Kamiah Site in summer only.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Lewiston and other communities.
George Rogers Clark National Historical
Park 401 South Second Street Vincennes, IN 47591 (812)
Classic memorial stands on site of Fort Sackville, which frontier army
under Clark captured from British in 1779. This won Old Northwest for the
United States. Marble rotunda contains 7 large murals. Visitor center, movie
version of Clark's campaign, landscaped grounds, view of the natural Wabash
River, statues and markers. No camping or picnicking in the park, but
facilities are available nearby.
Location: Vincennes, at junction of U.S. Highways 50 and 41, southwestern
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Vincennes.
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial P.O. Box
1816, Lincoln City, IN 47552-1816 (812) 937-4541
Abraham Lincoln lived on this southern Indiana farm from age 7 to 21. His
mother, Nancy Hanks Lincoln, is buired here.
LocationFrom I-64, take U.S. 231 south for 6 miles, then take Ind. 162
east for 2 miles.
Effigy Mounds National Monument R.R. 1, Box
25A, Harpers Ferry, IA 52146 (319) 873-3491
Outstanding examples of Indian burial mounds in shapes of birds and other
creatures. Visitor center, museum exhibits, audiovisual presentation,
self-guiding trail, scenic views along 300-foot high bluff, trailside
exhibits, hiking, guided group tours. State campgrounds and picnic areas
Location: 4 miles north of McGregor and Marquette, Iowa, on Highway 76.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in McGregor.
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site P.O. Box
607, West Brach, IA 52358-0607 (319) 643-2541
Herbert Hoover's birthplace cottage, the Friends Meetinghouse and other
structures from his boyhood neighborhood (1874-85), the gravesites of
Prasident Hoover, and Mrs. Hoover, and the Hoover Presidential Library and
Museum are within the park.
Location: From I-80, take Exit 254; follow signs to park entrance.
Fort Larned National Historic Site Route # 3,
Larned, KS 67550 (316) 285-6911
Fort protected traffic on Santa Fe Trail from 1859 to 1878. Key military
post in Indian War of 1868-69. Served as Indian agency in 1860s. Nine historic
military buildings: 5 have exhibits and furnished rooms open to public.
Visitor center, audiovisual program, exhibits, history/nature trail, picnic
area. Guided tours daily and living history programs on weekends in summer.
Location: 7 miles west of Larned, Kans., on U.S. 156.
Accommodations: Meals, lodging, and campgrounds in Larned and Great Bend,
Fort Scott National Historic Site Old Fort
Boulevard, Fort Scott, KS 66701 (316) 223-0310
Army Post (1842-1853) guarded the permanent Indian frontier. Dispatched
troops on expeditions to explore the West, protect Santa Fe Trail traffic, and
fight in Mexican War. Served as Union supply base during Civil War
(1861-1865). Twenty-one historic military buildings, 13 furnished and open to
public. Visitor center, audiovisual program and exhibits, guided tours, living
history demonstrations, interpretive programs and special events as scheduled.
Small picnic area on site and private campgrounds nearby.
Location: 90 miles south of Kansas City, on north edge of town of Fort
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic
Site 2995 Lincoln Farm Road Hodgenville, KY 42748 (502)
Early Kentucky cabin symbolizes that in which Lincoln was born. Enclosed
in granite and marble building on birthplace site. Visitor center, audiovisual
program, exhibits, memorial building, picnic area, camping facilities nearby.
Location: 3 miles south of Hodgenville, Ky., on U.S. 31E-Ky. 61.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Hodgenville.
Big South Fork National River and Recreation
A scenic portion of the Cumberland Plateau on the Kentucky-Tennessee
border. See listing under Tennessee.
Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Box
1848, Middlesboro, KY 40965 (606) 248-2817
Mountain pass of the Wilderness Road, explored by Daniel Boone. Main
artery of the great trans-Allegheny migration for settlement of the Old West.
Important military objective in Civil War. Visitor center, museum, scenic
overlooks, Wilderness Road. self-guiding trails. campground, picnic area.
hiking trails, privately-operated Cudjo Cave, restored Hensley settlement,
peak where Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia meet.
Location: Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee. Visitor center on U.S. 25E,
one mile southeast of Middlesboro. K y.
Accommodations Meals and lodging in Middlesboro and Cumberland Gap, Ky.
Antietam National Battlefield Box 158,
Sharpsburg, MD 21782 (301)432-5134
Scene of bloodiest single-day fight in the battle that ended Gen. Robert
E. Lee's first invasion of North in 1862. Visitor center, exhibits,
orientation movie, slide program, driving tour of battlefield, National
Cemetery, fishing in Antietam Creek.
Location: From Sharpsburg, Md., northeast along Md. 34 and Md. 65.
Accommodations Meals and lodging in Hagerstown, 14 miles north.
Clara Barton National Historic Site 5801 Oxford
Road, Glen Echo, MD 20812 (301) 492-6245
Built in 1891, this 38-room home of American Red Cross founder was
organization's headquarters for 7 years. A living history area. Restored home
and furnishings, guided home tours, reservations can be made.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Greater Washington, D.C. area. Glen
Echo, Md. is 8 miles from downtown Washington.
Fort Washington Park Mailing Address: c/o
National Capital Parks-East 1900 Anaeostia Drive, S.E. Washington, D C
20020 (301) 763-4600
On Maryland side of Potomac River, Fort Washington exemplifies early
19th-century coastal defense. Occupies site of earliest fortification erected
for defense of National Capital. Altered only slightly since 1824. Fort, park
with picnic sites, museum, demonstration of the heavy artillery uniform of the
1860s, with a firing of muskets, artillery demonstrations.
Location: Fort Washington Road, Oxon Hill, Md., suburb of Washington, D.C.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Washington area.
Hampton National Historic Site 535 Hampton
Lane, Towson, MD 21204 (410) 962-0688
Includes one of the largest and most ornate mansions of post-Revolutionary
period (1790), with complex of historic outbuildings, English formal gardens,
and specimen trees. Guided house tours, summer grounds and garden tours,
exhibits, seasonal programs.
Location: Take Interstate 695 (Baltimore Beltway) to exit 27 North, and
follow directional signs.
Accommodations: Tearoom on site serves luncheon. Other meals and lodging
nearby in Towson.
Monocacy National Battlefield 4801 Urbana Pike,
Fredrick, MD 21701-7307 (301) 622-3515
Here on July 9, 1864, confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early defeated Federal
forces commanded by Brig. Gen.Lew Wallace. The battle delayed Early, allowing
Union troops to marshal a succesful defense of Washington, D.C.
Location:Washington, D.C. area. From I-95/495, take I-270, then take exit
26 at Urbana. Follow Rte. 80 east to a stop sign. Turn left onto Rte. 355
north. Proceed 3.7 to the Battlefield on right.
Piscataway Park c/o National Capital Parks-East
1900 Anacostia Drive, S.E. Washington, DC 20020 (301) 763-4600
Preserves the tranquil view of the Potomac River's Maryland shore, as seen
from Mount Vernon. National Colonial Farm, an agricultural-historical project
of Accokeek Foundation, provides an exhibit and demonstration of agricultural
methods, crops, and livestock of a modest tidewater farm of the mid-18th
century. Farm animals, woodland foot trail, picnic facilities in Saylot
Memorial Grove, fishing pier, visitor center.
Location: Park is accessible from the Capital Beltway (Interstate 495)
exit 3-A. Go south on Indian Head Highway (Route 210) for 10 miles to Bryan
Point Road, then west 4 miles to Potomac River.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging available throughout the Prince George's
County, Maryland, suburbs of Washington.
Thomas Stone National Historic Site 6655 Rose
Hill Road, Port Tobacco, MD 20677-3400 (301) 934-6027
Habre-de-Venture, a Georgian mansion built in 1771 near Port Tobacco, was
the home of Thomas Stone (1743-87). A signer of the Declaration of
Independence, Stone was a delegate to the Continental Congresses in the 1770's
Location: Southeastern Maryland. From U.S.301 at La Plata, take Md. 6 west
for 2 miles to Rose Hill Road.
Adams National Historical Site 135 Adams
Street, Quincy, MA 02269-0531 (617) 770-1175
The Old House, built in 1731, was purchased by John and Abigail Adams in
1787. Beautiful garden and magnificent library. Tours of The Old House daily
in season; gardens and grounds are self-guiding walks. Park open April 19 to
November 10. Presidential birthplaces a few miles away also have daily tours.
Location: Adams Street and Newport Avenue, just off Quincy Center.
Accommodations Meals and lodging in the Quincy and Greater Boston Areas.
Frederick Law OlmstedNational Historic Site 99
Warren Street, Brookline, MA 02146 (617) 566-1689
"The Father of Landscape Architecture in America" spent some of his
busiest years here at Fairsted, which he purchased in 1883. Home and studio
still hold thousands of drawings, maps, models, and photographs pertaining to
Olmsted's work. House tours show Olmsted's work areas and various projects.
Park open Friday, Saturday, and Sunday from noon to 4:30 p.m.
Location: Just off Route 9 at Warren and Dudley Streets in Brookline, 4
miles from downtown Boston.
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Greater Boston Area.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic
Site 83 Beals Street, Brookline, MA 02146 (617) 566-7937
Birthplace and early boyhood home (1917-20) of the 35th President of the
United States. Kennedy home; walking tour of neighborhood: audio and
self-guiding home tours.
Location: 83 Beals Street, Brookline, Mass.Accommodations Meals and
lodging in Greater Boston Area.
Longfellow National Historic Site 105 Braille
Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (617) 876-4491
Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's home at Cambridge, 1837-82. Also Gen.
George Washington's headquarters during the siege of Boston, 1775-76. Restored
home and gardens.
Location 105 Brattle Street, Cambridge.
Accommodations Meals and lodging in Cambridge and Greater Boston Area.
Salem Maritime National Historic Site Custom
House, 174 Derby Street Salem, MA 01970 (508) 745-0236
Young America's maritime history comes alive in this beautiful harborside
setting. The Custom House, Derby House, and West India Goods Store re-create
the bustling, late-1700s Derby Wharf scene. Historic Salem abounds with tours
and sights. House of Seven Gables, The Witch Museum, and Pickering Wharf
Complex. Derby and Custom House tours.
Location: Salem Center, off Route 1A, adjacent to Pickering Wharf.
Accommodations: Greater Boston's North Shore area--coastal towns of Salem,
Beverly, and Marblehead.
Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site 244
Central Street, Saugus, MA 01906 (617) 233-0050
Reconstructed 17th-century iron works recreate the historic process of
water wheels, bellows, and forge hammer. Ironmaster's house, reconstructed
furnace, forge, rolling and slitting mill, museum.
Location: Just east of U.S. 1, about 10 miles north of Boston, in Saugus,
Accommodations: Meals and lodging in Greater Boston Area.
Springfield Armory National Historic Site One
Armory Square, Springfield, MA 01105 (413) 734-8551
Includes Commandant's Quarters and Master Armorer's Home. Main Arsenal
holds one of the world's largest collections of small arms. Area includes
historic Armory. Square and Federal Square. Tours of Main Arsenal and houses.
Walking, self-guiding tours of the Arsenal and Federal Square area.
Location: Entrance to park off Federal Street; accessible from Armory
Street via Interstate 291 or State Street via Interstate 91.
Orient-Express offer a stylish collection of
luxury hotels, restaurants, tourist
trains and inward waterway cruises throughout
the world, in settings as diverse as Peru, Botswana, Tahiti, Portugal and
Australia. Our hotels, restaurants, trains, tours and cruises are
unique and we manage them to the highest luxury standard. Journey through
Thailand, Malaysia & Singapore Bora Bora Lagoon Resort & Spa, and
Copacabana Palace - Rio's most famous hotel. We operate five luxury tourist
trains through parks and a river cruiser in Europe, Asia and South America,
including the famous Venice Simplon-Orient-Express. Join us to experience the
golden age of luxury rail travel and discover exotic new locations.
See the world through
magazines, television programs, books,
America's highways, byways, and backroads provide
excellent opportunities for exploring our public recreational lands. Maps
highlighting points of interest and scenic vistas for road trips are available
for and at these sites. For detailed information on a particular site, please
contact that site directly. Drive Safely.
Imagine touring the red sands of Utah's Arches
National Park on your mountain bike. Or how about riding though the Black Hills
of South Dakota on your road bike - Then there are the beautiful carriage trails
of Acadia National Park that you can explore on your hybrid. America's public
lands offer a multitude of different types of cycling.
Contact your destination to find out whether bicycles are allowed and what
kinds of trails are available. Licensing, fees and seasonal restrictions may
vary from site to site. For detailed information on a particular site, please
contact that site directly.
Each year, an estimated 74 million Americans enjoy the pleasures of
recreational boating. Your public parks, lakes, and rivers provide excellent
boating opportunities. Boating is a great way to enjoy America’s coastal and
river-front scenery. It can be as easy as relaxing in a boat or as rigorous as
paddling the Arkansas River in a kayak. If you do not own a boat, there are many
opportunities to rent one. Licensing, fees and seasonal restrictions may vary
from site to site. For detailed information on a particular site, please contact
that site directly.
There is nothing quite like spending an evening away
from home at one of America’s thousands of public land recreational area
campsites. Whether you seek the solitude of a backcountry camping site or a
convenient place for you and your family to pitch a tent or park an RV, there
are plenty of places to camp in our parks, national seashores, lakeshores,
forests, and wilderness areas.
Campsite fees, visitation fees and seasonal restrictions vary from site to
site. In some cases, campsites can be reserved in advance. For detailed
information on a particular location, please contact that recreation site
Rock climbing, rappelling, ice climbing, and mountaineering are technical and
unique ways to experience America’s public land. Our parks, forests, and
wilderness areas offer experiences that cater to every ability level from
beginner to expert.
Take a guided climb or simply hone your skills and have fun at a climbing
wall. Climbing fees and seasonal restrictions may vary from site to site. For
information about a particular site, please call that site directly.
Educational and interpretive learning programs are offered for visitors to
many of America’s public land recreation sites. These programs bring science and
history to life, and inspire the imagination. Educational opportunities range
from learning about the geology of the Grand Canyon to understanding more about
how laws are made in Washington, DC.
Rangers, guides and naturalists located at America’s parks, forests,
seashores, lakeshores, and wilderness areas offer campfire talks, guided hikes,
museums and exhibits for young and old alike. Reservations may be required to
participate in interpretive activities. Please contact the recreational site of
interest to you for more information.
Fish hatcheries were established in the 1800's, to enhance the number of fish
in streams and lakes where native fish populations were declining due to changes
in the natural environment. "Cultured" fish were used to replace fish that were
lost from natural causes (drought, flood, habitat destruction) or human
influences (over-harvest, pollution, habitat loss due to development and dam
construction), to establish fish populations to meet specific management needs,
and to provide for the creation of new and expanded recreational fisheries
Today, fish hatcheries also provide hope for endangered fish species as well
as providing research on fish disease, habitat, and the future of fish in
general. Not all fish hatcheries allow recreational fishing, so call ahead to
see what activities are allowed.
Fishing continues to be a favorite pastime in the United States. In 2001, 16%
of the U.S. population 16 years old and older (34 million anglers) spent an
average of 16 days fishing. Freshwater fishing was the most popular type of
fishing with over 28 million anglers devoting nearly 467 million angler-days to
Thousands of miles of trails that are as diverse as the land itself
criss-cross America’s recreational areas. Hiking trails range from steep
technical climbs over rocks and iron ladders, to relatively flat lakeshore paths
blanketed in pine needles. Hiking is an easy, low cost way to discover the great
outdoors, and there are hiking opportunities for almost anyone at any age and
Many of our public recreational areas feature paved trails to accommodate
wheelchair access. Guided hikes are also available at many locations. Fees and
seasonal restrictions may vary from site to site. For more detailed information
about a particular trail, including detailed trail maps and information about
current trail conditions, please contact that site directly.
America’s public land recreation areas provide a
wonderful way to explore our history. From the birthplace of our nation at
Independence Hall in Pennsylvania to the Anasazi Heritage Center in Colorado,
many parks, forests, and other public lands feature cultural and historic sites
that offer outstanding educational opportunities. Please contact that site
Entrance fees and visitor hours vary from site to site. For detailed
information on a particular site, please contact that site directly.
Western settlers explored much of America on horseback. Today, many of our
parks, forests, and wilderness areas can still be explored on the back of a
horse for a unique natural adventure. Many Federal recreation areas offer trail
riding as well as off-trail riding. Stables and guides may be available at some
public land recreation areas. Licensing, fees and seasonal restrictions vary
from site to site. For detailed information on a particular site, please contact
that site directly.
Big game, small game and bird hunting are available on America’s public lands
depending on the site and season of your trip. Hunting fees, licensing and
seasonal restrictions may vary from site to site. For more detailed information,
directly contact the site where you plan on hunting.
Visitor Centers are located on many of our public land recreation sites for
your comfort and convenience. These Visitor Centers often provide excellent
educational opportunities, featuring exhibits, demonstrations, and interpretive
guides who can answer questions and enhance your enjoyment of the site.
Visitor Centers may serve as focal points for special events or naturalist
activities. For specific information regarding Visitor Centers including
programs offered, center hours, and facilities offered, please contact the
recreational site directly.
There are thousands of miles of roads and trails on public lands that are
appropriate and accessible for Off Highway Vehicles (OHV's) use. OHV's are a fun
and exciting way to experience America's natural treasures.
Backcountry roads and trails provide a wide range of recreational
opportunities for responsible Off Highway Vehicle users on public lands. These
opportunities range from vehicle touring to vehicle access for hiking, hunting,
fishing, and other public land uses, as well as unconfined vehicle use at
designated "OHV Open Areas". Fees and seasonal restrictions related to OHV use
may vary from site to site. For more detailed information about a particular
recreational area, contact the site directly.
America’s public lands not only provide the scenic beauty that
Recreational Vehicle (RVs) enthusiasts seek, but may include RV-ready
campgrounds and sanitary pump-out stations as well as hook-ups. Also, look
for special RV parking sites at many public recreation sites.
Hours, fees and seasonal restrictions may vary from site to site. For
detailed information on RVing at a particular site, please contact that
America’s public lakes, rivers, and seashores offer some of the best water
for recreation on our continent. Enjoy scuba diving an underwater nature trail
at a National Marine Sanctuary or body surfing at a national seashore.
In addition, some recreation sites offer on-site vendors who will rent
equipment, including snorkeling gear, boats, canoes, and kayaks. Some sites
offer tour packages through concessionaires.
Licensing, fees and seasonal restrictions vary from site to site; for more
information on a particular watersport, please contact that site directly.
More than 66 million people enjoyed watching America’s wildlife last year.
Our public land recreation areas offer an outstanding setting for viewing and
photographing creatures in their natural habitats.
Opportunities range from observing habits of the endangered Nene or Hawaiian
Goose at Volcano National Park to admiring the power and grace of grizzly bears
at state parks in Alaska. Entry fees, licensing and seasonal retrictions vary
from site to site.
For more detailed information on a particular location, please contact the
Unlike some of the wildlife that live within them, America’s public land /
recreation areas do not hibernate for the winter. Rather, many of these areas
are open to a host of recreational opportunies unique to the season.
Cross-country and downhill skiing as well as snowshoeing, snowboarding, and
dogsledding are just a few of the activities that you can enjoy on public lands.
Licensing, fees and seasonal restrictions vary from site to site.
For detailed information on a particular location, please contact that site